Summary of 1 Chronicles

Summary of 1 Chronicles

Chapter by Chapter:

1 Chronicles 1-2: Genealogy of Adam/The Sons of Israel
1 Chronicles 3-4: David’s Sons/Descendants of Judah
1 Chronicles 5-6: Descendants of Reuben/The Sons of Levi
1 Chronicles 7-8: Sons of Issachar/Descendants of Benjamin
1 Chronicles 9-10: Inhabitants of Jerusalem/Saul Dies
1 Chronicles 11-12: David King of Hebron/David’s Mighty Men
1 Chronicles 13-14: The Ark of the Lord/David Marries Wives and Becomes Famous
1 Chronicles 15-16: David Prepares the Ark of the Lord/People Sacrifice and Praise the Lord
1 Chronicles 17-18: Covenant Between David and God/David Subdues all the adversaries of Israel
1 Chronicles 19-20: Ammonites plan War Against Israel/Ammonites are Overcome
1 Chronicles 21-22: David Numbers Israel/Solomon Is to Build the Temple
1 Chronicles 23-24: Solomon is Made King/Sons of Aaron and Levi Divided
1 Chronicles 25-26: Levite Singers and Musicians/Levites Assigned as Porters

1 Chronicles 27-29: Officers who served the King/Solomon to Build the Temple/Solomon Reigns as King

 

The book of 1st Chronicles is a book of Narrative History, and Genealogies. The author appears to be the prophet Ezra who wrote it in circa 430 B.C. It covers the events from 1000 to 960 B.C. Key personalities are King David and Solomon. This book parallels some of 2 Samuel, and therefore describes similar events. It was written after the exile, its purpose was to encourage the remnant that had come out of the Babylonian captivity. It begins with the ancestry of the nation’s past, but it is not chronological.

Chapter 1-9, the book begins with Adam and runs through the genealogies of Israel It continues through all the 12 tribes of Israel, then King David, and the priestly line. The descendants teach the history of the nation, extending from God’s creation all the way through the exile in Babylon. “Now Jabez called on the God of Israel, saying, “Oh that You would bless me indeed and enlarge my border, and that your hand might be with me, and that you would keep me from harm that it may not pain me!” And God granted him that he requested” (4:10).

From chapters 10-29, there is a review from King Saul’s death with the Philistines, through King David’s reign, including the preparation for the building of the new temple, which Solomon would build, “David also told his son Solomon, ‘Be strong and courageous, and do the work. Don’t be afraid or terrified. The LORD God, my God, will be with you. He will not abandon you before all the work on the LORD’s temple is finished” (28:20). The book ends with Solomon’s reigning as king of Israel.

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1 Chronicles 27-29

1 Chronicles 27-29

Chapter 27: Officers who served the King

David’s army was divided into units of twelve, with one group of the twelve on alert each month of the year. By doing this, they found an effective way of always keeping the troops ready and the inactive troops regularly trained.

Over the first first month was; Jashobeam the son of Zabdiel: and in his course were 24,000.The children of Perez was the chief of all the captains of the host for the first month.

Over the second month was; Dodai an Ahohite, and of his course was Mikloth also the ruler: in his course were 24,000.

Over the third month was; Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, a chief priest: and in his course was 24,000. Benaiah, who was mighty among the thirty, and above the thirty: and in his course was Ammizabad his son.

Over the fourth month was; Asahel the brother of Joab, and Zebadiah his son after him: and in his course was 24,000.

Over the fifth month was; Shamhuth the Izrahite: and in his course was 24,000.

Over the sixth month was; Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite: and in his course were twenty and four thousand.

Over the seventh month was; Helez the Pelonite, of the children of Ephraim: and in his course was 24,000.

Over the eighth month was; Sibbecai the Hushathite, of the Zarhites: and in his course were twenty and four thousand.

Over the ninth month was; Abiezer the Anetothite, of the Benjamites: and in his course was 24,000.

Over the tenth month was; Maharai the Netophathite, of the Zarhites: and in his course was 24,000.

Over the eleventh month was; Benaiah the Pirathonite, of the children of Ephraim: and in his course was 24,000.

Over the twelfth month was; Heldai the Netophathite, of Othniel: and in his course was 24,000.

Furthermore over the tribes of Israel: the ruler of the Reubenites was Eliezer the son of Zichri: of the Simeonites, Shephatiah the son of Maachah: Of the Levites, Hashabiah the son of Kemuel: of the Aaronites, Zadok: Of Judah, Elihu, one of the brethren of David: of Issachar, Omri the son of Michael: Of Zebulun, Ishmaiah the son of Obadiah: of Naphtali, Jerimoth the son of Azriel: Of the children of Ephraim, Hoshea the son of Azaziah: of the half tribe of Manasseh, Joel the son of Pedaiah: Of the half tribe of Manasseh in Gilead, Iddo the son of Zechariah: of Benjamin, Jaasiel the son of Abner: Of Dan, Azareel the son of Jeroham. These were the princes of the tribes of Israel.

And over the king’s treasures was Azmaveth the son of Adiel: and over the storehouses in the fields, in the cities, and in the villages, and in the castles, was Jehonathan the son of Uzziah: And over them that did the work of the field for tillage of the ground was Ezri the son of Chelub: And over the vineyards was Shimei the Ramathite: over the increase of the vineyards for the wine cellars was Zabdi the Shiphmite. And over the olive trees and the sycomore trees that were in the low plains was Baal-hanan the Gederite: and over the cellars of oil was Joash; And over the herds that fed in Sharon was Shitrai the Sharonite: and over the herds that were in the valleys wasShaphat the son of Adlai: Over the camels also was Obil the Ishmaelite: and over the asses was Jehdeiah the Meronothite: And over the flocks was Jaziz the Hagerite. All these were the rulers of the substance which was king David’s.

Chapter 28: Solomon to Build the Temple

David assembled all of the princes of Israel and the princes of the tribes and the captains of the companies that ministered to the king by their month.

David stands and says; “… Hear me, my brethren, and my people: As for me, I had in mine heart to build an house of rest for the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and for the footstool of our God, and  had made ready for the building: But God said unto me, Thou shalt not build an house for my name, because thou hast been a man of war and hast shed blood.” (1 Chronicles 28:2-3). But he continues on to say that he was chosen to be the father of the one chose to build that house. This is Solomon. Solomon will build the house of the Lord. David says to Solomon; “…Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy father, and serve him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind: for the Lord searcheth all hearts, and understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts: if thou seek him, he will be found of thee; but if thou forsake him, he will cast thee off forever.” (1 Chronicles 28:9)

David further counsels Solomon to take heed and build the sanctuary for the Lord. He says; “…be strong, and do it.” (1 Chronicles 28:10)

David continues to give Solomon the blue prints for the construction and gives him all the resources that he will need in preparing and going forth with the construction.

He continues to speak with Solomon; “…Be strong and of good courage, and do it: fear not, nor be dismayed: for the Lord God, even my God, will be with thee; he will not fail thee, nor forsake thee, until thou hast finished all the work for the service of the house of the Lord.” (1 Chronicles 28:20)

Chapter 29: Solomon Reigns as King

Everyone in Israel makes generous offerings of Gold, Silver, Iron, Time, etc. to the construction of the house of the Lord. David blesses and praises the Lord and instructs the people. David dies and Solomon reigns as the king. In verse 29 the chapter mentions the books of both “Samuel” and “Gad” which we no longer have today. This is another example of why the Bible is not complete.

1 Chronicles 25-26

1 Chronicles 25-26

Chapter 25: Levite Singers and Musicians

David and the captains of the host are separated to assist the sons of Asaph, and of Heman, and of Jeduthun, so they can prophesy with harps, with psalteries, and with cymbals: and the workers were:

The sons of Asaph; Zaccur, Joseph, Nethaniah, and Asarelah

The sons of Jeduthun; Gedaliah, Zeri, Jeshaiah, Hashabiah, and Mattithiah.

The sons of Heman: Bukkiah, Mattaniah, Uzziel, Shebuel, Jerimoth, Hananiah, Hanani, Eliathah, Giddalti, Romamti-ezer, Joshbekashah, Mallothi, Hothir, and Mahazioth:

Everyone was there for a song in the house of the Lord with cymbals, psalteries, and harps and they cast lots, ward against ward, as well the small as the great, the teacher as the scholar.

The first lot came to Joseph, the second to Gedaliah, the third to Zaccur, thefourth to Izri, the

fifth to Nethaniah, the sixth to Bukkiah, the seventh to Jesharelah, the eighth to Jeshaiah, the ninth to Mattaniah, the tenth to Shimei, the eleventh to Azareel, the twelfth to Hashabiah, the thirteenth to Shubael, the fourteenth to Mattithiah, the fifteenth to Jeremoth, the

sixteenth to Hananiah, the seventeenth to Joshbekashah, the eighteenth to Hanani, the nineteenth to Mallothi, the twentieth to Eliathah, the 21st to Hothir, the 22nd to Giddalti, the 23rd

to Mahazioth, the 24th to Romamti-ezer.

Chapter 26: Levites Assigned as Porters

Concerning the divisions of the porters:

Of the Korhites was Meshelemiah the son of Kore.

The sons of Meshelemiah were; Zechariah the firstborn, Jediael the second, Zebadiah the third, Jathniel the fourth, Elam the fifth, Jehohanan the sixth, Elioenai the seventh.

The sons of Obed-edom were; Shemaiah the firstborn, Jehozabad the second, Joah the third, and Sacar the fourth, and Nethaneel the fifth, Ammiel the sixth, Issachar the seventh, Peulthai the eighth.

The sons of Shemaiah; Othni, Rephael, Obed, Elzabad, Elihu, and Semachiah.

All of the sons of Obed-edom were able men for strength.

Meshelemiah had 18 sons and brethren who were strong me.

Also Hosah, had sons; Simri the chief, Hilkiah the second, Tebaliah the third, Zechariah the fourth:  and all the sons of Hosah were thirteen.

Among these were the divisions of the porters, even among the chief men, having wards one against another, to minister in the house of the Lord. And they cast lots:

The eastward lot fell to Shelemiah. The northward lot to Zechariah, southward to Obed-edom, westward to Shuppim, eastward were six Levites, northward four a day, southward four a day and toward Asuppim, two and two. At Parbar westward, four at the causeway, and two at Parbar.

And of the Levites, Ahijah was over the treasures of the house of God, and over the treasures of the dedicated things.

The sons of Jehieli; Zetham, and Joel his brother, were over the treasures of the house of the Lord.

And Shebuel the son of Gershom, the son of Moses, was ruler of the treasures.

And his brethren by Eliezer; Rehabiah his son, and Jeshaiah his son, and Joram his son, and Zichri his son, and Shelomith his son.

Which Shelomith and his brethren were over all the treasures of the dedicated things, which David the king, and the chief fathers, the captains over thousands and hundreds, and the captains of the host, had dedicated.

Out of the spoils won in battles did they dedicate to maintain the house of the Lord.

And all that Samuel the seer, and Saul the son of Kish, and Abner the son of Ner, and Joab the son of Zeruiah, had dedicated;and whosoever had dedicated anything, it was under the hand of Shelomith, and of his brethren.

Of the Izharites, Chenaniah and his sons were for the outward business over Israel, for officers and judges.

And of the Hebronites, Hashabiah and his brethren, men of valour, a thousand and seven hundred, were officers among them of Israel on this side Jordan westward in all the business of theLord, and in the service of the king.

Among the Hebronites was Jerijah the chief, even among the Hebronites, according to the generations of his fathers. In the fortieth year of the reign of David they were sought for, and there were found among them mighty men of valour at Jazer of Gilead.

And his brethren, men of valour, were two thousand and seven hundred chief fathers, whom king David made rulers over the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, for every matter pertaining to God, and affairs of the king.

 

1 Chronicles 23-24

1 Chronicles 23-24

Chapter 23: Solomon is Made King

When David was old and ready to return to his heavenly father he made his son Solomon king over the land. David then gathered up all the princes in Israel, and the priests with the Levites and had them all numbered, which was 38,000 men, of which 24,000 men were charged with working in the house of the Lord and 6,000 were officers and judges. 4,000 were porters and 4,000 praised the Lord with instruments.

David divided them up into groups; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

Of the Gershonites were: Laadan, and Shimei.

The sons of Laadan; the chief was Jehiel, Zetham, and Joel.

The sons of Shimei; Shelomith, Haziel, and Haran.

The sons of Shimei were:  Jahath, Zina, Jeush, and Beriah. And Jahath was the chief, and Zizah the second.

The sons of Kohath; Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel.

The sons of Amramwere ; Aaron and Moses. Moses the man of God, his sons were named of the tribe of Levi.

The sons of Moses were, Gershom, and Eliezer.

The sons of Eliezer were: Rehabiah the chief. And Eliezer had no other sons; but the sons of Rehabiah were very many.

The sons of Izhar; Shelomith the chief.

The sons of Hebron; Jeriah the first, Amariah the second, Jahaziel the third, and Jekameam the fourth.

The sons of Uzziel; Michah the first, and Jesiah the second.

The sons of Merari; Mahli, and Mushi. The sons of Mahli; Eleazar, and Kish.

And Eleazar died, and had only daughters, and the sons of Kish married them.

The sons of Mushi; Mahli, Eder, and Jeremoth.

These were the sons of Levi after the house of their fathers; even the chief of the fathers, as they were counted by number of names by their polls, which did the work for the service of the house of the Lord, from the age of twenty years and upward.

Chapter 24: Sons of Aaron and Levi Divided

The divisions of the sons of Aaron: Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.

Nadab and Abihu died before their father, and had no children: therefore Eleazar and Ithamar executed the priest’s office.

David distributed them, both Zadok of the sons of Eleazar, Ahimelech, and the sons of Ithamar, according to their offices of service.

The sons of Eleazar and the sons of Ithamar; were they divided.

Among the sons of Eleazar there were sixteen chief men of the house of their fathers, and eight among the sons of Ithamar according to the house of their fathers. They were divided by lot.

7 Now the first lot came forth to Jehoiarib, the second to Jedaiah, the third to Harim, the fourth to Seorim, the fifth to Malchijah, the sixth to Mijamin, the seventh to Hakkoz, the eighth to Abijah, the ninth to Jeshua, the tenth to Shecaniah, the eleventh to Eliashib, the twelfth to Jakim, the thirteenth to Huppah, the fourteenth to Jeshebeab, the fifteenth to Bilgah, the sixteenth to Immer, the seventeenth to Hezir, the eighteenth to Aphses, the nineteenth to Pethahiah, the twentieth to Jehezekel, the 21st to Jachin, the 22nd to Gamul, the 23rd to Delaiah, and the 24th to Maaziah.

And the rest of the sons of Levi were these:  the sons of Amram; Shubael: the sons of Shubael; Jehdeiah.

Rehabiah: of the sons of Rehabiah;  wasIsshiah.

Of the Izharites; Shelomoth: of the sons of Shelomoth; Jahath.

And the sons of Hebron; Jeriah the first, Amariah the second, Jahaziel the third, Jekameam the fourth.

Of the sons of Uzziel; Michah: of the sons of Michah; Shamir.

The brother of Michah was Isshiah: of the sons of Isshiah; Zechariah.

The sons of Merari were Mahli and Mushi: the sons of Jaaziah; Beno.

The sons of Merari by Jaaziah; Beno, Shoham, Zaccur, and Ibri.

Of Mahli came Eleazar, who had no sons.

Concerning Kish: the son of Kish was Jerahmeel.

The sons also of Mushi; Mahli, Eder, and Jerimoth.

1 Chronicles 21-22

1 Chronicles 21-22

Chapter 21: David Numbers Israel

David commands that a census be taken, to “number” Israel. This is prompted however by Satan who has his own reasoning for doing things. God allows this temptation to move David into numbering Israel because God wants to chastise David. So why was it so bad to “number” Israel? In these times a man would “number” only what belonged to him. David did not own Israel or its people, God does. If God were to command a “numbering” of his people, then the motive would be service to the Lord and doing as He had commanded. However in this instance David was only concerned with protecting and putting his trust in a “multitude” of hosts, or in other words putting his trust in numbers of a manmade army over the trust of God.

In our daily lives we can see this happen to us on a daily basis. How often do we put our trust in something manmade or putting our trust in another man (or woman) over God? I would say quite often. We must put our trust in God. That, however, does not mean that we are free to do as we please, or to simply sit back and say that we are putting our trust in God, without any actions! To trust, or have faith in God, we must ACT. We must do all that we can in following the commandments and working hard for what we feel is right, and then and only then will the hand of God be shown in our lives.

Joab objects to the numbering and asks David to reconsider his foolish ways. Joab knew that David’s reasoning was built up in pride, wanting to know how powerful he was, perhaps to conquer a neighboring nation. In Samuel 24:4 we read that it was not only Joab who objected to the numbering, but also the captains of the army, but David however prevails in his desire to number Israel, and he was immediately sorry for doing so.

Joab comes back to David with the census complete and finds that there are 1.3 million fighting men among the twelve tribes, which is a small portion of the 6 million people living in Israel. Although Joab did not count the tribes of Levi and Benjamin, for fear that God would strike them down and all that would remain would be those who were not numbered. God would have struck down all of Israel, but God had already done so with the deeply afflicted heart of David. David, wasn’t perfect, but when he knew that he had sinned his heart was very sensitive to sin and therefore was very remorseful of his ways. David admits that he has been foolish and asks God for, forgiveness.

God sends a messenger to David and gives him three options of Judgment to forgive his sin:

#1: 3 years of famine.

#2: 3 Months until you are defeated by your enemies.

#3: For 3 days a plague would engulf the land.

 

God gave David these three options to test David’s heart and wisdom:

 

#1: 3 years of famine would surely kill most of Israel, the wealthy and resourceful would survive by depending on neighboring nations for food.

#2: 3 Months until you are defeated by your enemies would surely mean the death of most of the soldiers, and would probably result in new enemies.

#3: For 3 days a plague would engulf the land, this would cause a great deal of death among all of Israel, no matter whom; rich, poor, military…etc.

 

David chooses to have 3 days of plagues. This is important, because had David chose war; his family and himself would have been protected. Had David chosen famine, his wealth would have sustained him. Therefore he humbled himself and accepted of God’s punishment by choosing something that could ultimately affect himself and his loved ones. By choosing 3 days of plague he was also in the hands of God, whom he knew would be more merciful than man.

The destroying angel comes and kills 70,000 men of Israel and as the destruction is happening, God steps back and relented of the disaster and commanded the angel to restrain from continuing. David seeing the destructions laments to God asking him why he had killed so many of his innocent sheep and had refrained from touching him. God then commands David to erect a altar to the Lord. So
David does as he is commanded.

David goes to Ornan and asks him to build an altar where his threshingfloor stands. David buys the land for 600 shekels of God, the full price of the property. David offers peace and burnt offerings there, as a tribute to his understanding of God and his ways in destroying 70,000 of his sheep.

 

David finally knows where the Lord wants his temple to be built, right there on the threshingfloor.

 

Chapter 22: Solomon Is to Build the Temple

David is commanded to gather men who were foreigners in the land of Israel, which were about 70,000 slaves to build the temple of Solomon. David gathered the finest materials, cedar trees from Lebanon. The house of God would have to be magnificently built unto the Lord, so David made preparations for his son Solomon to continue building the temple after his death. David charges (gives blessing) to Solomon to complete this great work of building the House of the Lord after his death, in a sense if Solomon failed in building the temple, David failed as well. David warns Solomon to stay faithful to God and his word, in accomplishing the construction of the temple. David counsels Solomon to;

“…be strong, and of good courage; dread not, nor be dismayed.” (1 Chronicles 22:13)

This is something that we can all appreciate and place in our hearts in our daily activities. Life, after all, is tough. Our challenges we face on a day to day level are not easy ones, but if we put our trust in God and don’t worry about the future or how something will come about, then we can have that courage and strength that we need to continue fighting towards our righteous individual dreams and desires.

David prepares the construction by leaving Solomon in charge of a great deal of money and resources to ensure that the temple does get built and with all its magnificence.

1 Chronicles 19-20

1 Chronicles 19-20

Chapter 19: Ammonites plan War against Israel

Nahash the king of the children of Ammon died and his son reigned in his stead. David seeing this sent messengers to comfort Hanun the son of Nahash because his father showed mercy unto him. But servants that worked with Hanun asked Hanun to rethink what David was doing; “…Thinkest thou that David doth honour thy father, that he hath sent comforters unto thee? are not his servants come unto thee for to search, and to overthrow, and to spy out the land?” (1 Chronicles 19:3)

Hanun then took David’s servants and shaved off their beards and stripped them naked and send them back to David. When David saw this, he was upset, but told them men to go to Jericho and wait for their beards to grow back and when they did grow back they were to return to Hanun again. When the servants of Hanun found out that David was upset, they went to surrounding cities and they hired 32,000 chariots and men . David finding out about this army, takes all of his mighty men and gathers them against the gate of the city and David defeats the Ammonites and the Syrians. Killing 7,000 men on chariots and 40,000 foot men.

Chapter 20: Ammonites are overcome

At the end of the year, Joab led an army out of the country to waste the children of Ammon, and they besieged Rabbah, and destroyed it. David took the crown of their king, which weighed one talent of God and had precious stones in it and he placed that crown upon his head. Then it reads that David…

“…brought out the people that were in it, and cut them with saws, and with harrows of iron, and with axes. Even so dealt David with all the cities of the children of Ammon…” (1 Chronicles 20:3)

Now that may sound gruesome, but here is where translation and error come in… in the Spanish Bible (La Reina Valera) it reads; “Sacó también al pueblo que estaba en ella, y lo puso a trabajar con sierra, con trillos de hierro y con hachas…” In Spanish, with my translation it reads; “He brought out the people that were in it, and put them to work with saws, harrows of iron, and with axes…”

Very big difference, right? I would say so. I believe that the Spanish is probably more accurate. Based on another scripture in 2 Samuel 12:31 that allude to them being put to work and not killed. But this goes to show that the Bible was not translated correctly, whether this was done on purpose or just human error, we see that the Bible is not perfect. That is why it was so important to have another testament of Jesus Christ, and that we know of today as the Book of Mormon; Another Testament of Jesus Christ. Does that mean that the Bible is not worthy of being read, and that it does not contain the word of God? No. But just like the Old Testament does not lose value in our eyes when we are presented with the New Testament, the New Testament and Old Testament do not lose value in our eyes when presented with the Book of Mormon. They all build on each other and help us to ground our faith in Jesus Christ.

Anyways, back to the story in chapter 20… a war breaks out with the Philistines at Gezer and there, Sibbechai murders Sippai and Elhanan the son of Jair murders Lahmi the brother of Goliath. Another war at Gath breaks out and there was another giant, of very large stature with 6 toes on each foot and 6 fingers on each hand, but when he defied Israel, Jonathan killed him.

1 Chronicles 17-18

1 Chronicles 17-18

Chapter 17: Covenant Between David and God

David was sitting in his house when he turns to Nathan the prophet and tells him that he sits in a house built of wood, while the temple of the Lord is still a tent.

The Lord comes to Nathan to deliver a message to David. This message is that David needs not to be worried about building the temple, because the Lord has moved from tent to tent and from congregation to congregation since the time that the He brought up Israel.

David’s son will build the temple, the triumph of Israel is foretold and David thanks the Lord for his goodness to Israel.

Chapter 18: David Subdues all the adversaries of Israel

David smites the Philistines and subdues them so he can take Gath and all the surrounding towns from the Philistines. David kills the King of Zobah (Hadarezer) and takes from him thousands of chariots, seven thousand horsemen and twenty thousand footmen.

David took the shields of Gold and took them down to Jerusalem and from cities like Tibhath and Chun, David took brass, which Solomon used to make the brass sea (baptismal font).

When Tou, king of Hamath heard how David had done all these acts, he sent his son Hadoram to meet David and congratulate him. So David dedicated everything to them also. Abishai the son of Zeruiah slew the edomites in the valley of salt, which was 18,000. David ruled over all of Egypt.