Summary of Deuteronomy

Summary of Deuteronomy

Chapter by Chapter:

Deuteronomy 1-2: Israel During 40 Years/ Israel Moves Toward Promised Land
Deuteronomy 3-4: People of Bashan are Destroyed/ Scattering and Gathering of Israel
Deuteronomy 5-6: 10 Commandments/Keep the Commandments and Love God
Deuteronomy 7-8: The Mercy of the Lord/Don’t Forget God
Deuteronomy 9-10: 40 Days and 40 Nights Fasting/Love God
Deuteronomy 11-12: Love God/Don’t Eat Blood
Deuteronomy 13-14: Don’t Worship False Gods/What you can and cannot eat
Deuteronomy 15-16: Care for the Poor/ Israel Shall Keep the Passover
Deuteronomy 17-18: Laws of God/ A Prophet Will Arise
Deuteronomy 19-20: Murders to be Put to Death/Laws of War
Deuteronomy 21-22: Disobedience/Laws of Moses
Deuteronomy 23-24: The Congregation/Laws of Moses
Deuteronomy 25-26: Marriage Law/Law of Tithing
Deuteronomy 27-28: Cursed Be…/ Blessings and Curses
Deuteronomy 29-30: Obedience=Blessings, Disobedience= Cursing/  Blessings and Curses
Deuteronomy 31-32:  Be Strong and of Good Courage/The Rock of Salvation

Deuteronomy 33-34: Moses Blesses the Son’s of Israel/ Moses Dies

Chapters 1-4: The journey through the wilderness from Horeb (Sinai) to Kadesh and then to Moab is recalled.

Chapters 4-11: After a second introduction at 4:44-49 the events at Mount Horeb (Mt. Sinai) are recalled, with the giving of the Ten Commandments. Heads of families/tribes are commanded to instruct those under their care in the law, warnings are made against serving gods other than the Lord, the land promised to Israel is praised, and the people are commandmed to obedience.

Chapters 12-26: the Deuteronomic code: Laws governing Israel’s worship (chapters 12-16), the appointment and regulation of community and religious leaders (16-18), social regulation (19-25), and confession of identity and loyalty (26).

Chapters 27-28: Blessings and curses for those who keep and break the law.

Chapters 29-30: Concluding discourse on the covenant in the land of Moab, including all the laws in the Deuteronomic code (chapters 12-26) after those given at Horeb; Israel is again exhorted to obedience.

Chapters 31-34: Joshua is installed as Moses’ successor, Moses delivers the law to the Levites (priests), and ascends Mount Nebo/Pisgah, where he dies and is buried by God. The narrative of these events is interrupted by two poems, the Song of Moses and the Blessing of Moses.

Moses was a great prophet.

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Deuteronomy 33-34

Deuteronomy 33-34

Chapter 33: Moses Blesses the Sons of Israel

Moses blesses each of the tribes of Israel; Levi is blessed to teach the Lord’s judgments and his law, Joseph is blessed above all. Through the lineage of Joseph, shall the tribes of Israel be gathered in the latter days. The tribe of Joseph and its descendants are those of the Book of Mormon. The people of the Ancient Americas who came over to the Americas around 600 b.c.

Chapter 34: Moses Dies

Moses is taken by the Lord to see the Promised Land. It does not tell us how, but my guess by spirit that Moses sees the Promised Land. The land that God had promised to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

Moses was the greatest prophet of Israel (verse 10), he died at the age of 120 years old. But when he died, he died without problems, and void of any disease or signs of illness. (verse 5-7). He was buried in the land of Moab, against Bethpeor. But to this day no one knows the exact location of his burial site. For information on the birth of Moses; refer to Exodus 2.

Deuteronomy 31-32

Deuteronomy 31-32

Chapter 31: Be Strong and of Good Courage

Moses gathers the congregation of Israel and announces that he is old; 120 years old. He tells the congregation to “Be strong and of a good courage…” (Deuteronomy 31:6). The Lord knows that the Israelites will be tempted and do all manner of wickedness, especially in the last days (verse 29)… so he commands Moses to reveal the book of law, which shall be read every seven years at the feast of the tabernacle and shall be “…a witness against thee.” (Deuteronomy 31:26), essentially saying that ignorance is not an option, seeing as the Lord has provided many ways to know of his commandments.

Moses tells the Israelites that in the last days people will hide their face from the Lord and abandon him… and then when trouble comes… they will ask WHERE IS GOD? (verse 17). This evil WILL happen in the “Latter Days” (verse 29).

Chapter 32: The Rock of Salvation

Israel sings the song of Moses; announcing that God speaks to the heavens and the earth. “He is the Rock, his work is perfect; for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he” (Deuteronomy 32:4)

The foolish and unwise shall be ungrateful for the hand of the Lord in their lives, for those who don’t know or are doubting “Remember the days of old, consider the ears of many generations: ask thy father, and he will shew thee; thy elders, and they will tell they.” (Deuteronomy 32:7)

                Israel was known in the pre-existence and chosen in this life by God to be his people. But they forgot the Rock of their Salvation and because of this the Lord sent terror, war and vengeance upon them.

Moses speaks of the nations in the latter days (our current times) that they would be nations “…void of counsel… oh that they were wise, that they understood this, that they would consider their latter end” (Deuteronomy 32:28-29). Moses is saying that the nations and people in the last days won’t consider the truth and will become unwise, following after their own will and not of God’s will.

The Lord speaks of his almighty power; “…I kill, and I make alive; I would and I heal…” (Deuteronomy 32:39) There is NO other god before the Lord.

Deuteronomy 29-30

Deuteronomy 29-30

Chapter 29: Obedience=Blessings, Disobedience= Cursing

Israel makes a covenant with the Lord that if they are obedient they will be blessed and if they are disobedient they shall be cursed.

In verse 6, it states that they knew God by not eating or drinking wine. Two ways to take this, fasting (by abstaining from food and water, helps you to feel the spirit), or that not drinking alcohol (keeping your body a temple and treating it that way, helps you to see God, sober.)

I personally believe that it is a combination of both, fasting and abstaining from Alcohol. Moses also says that they who disobey the Lord will be cursed, like the cursing of the book (of Deuteronomy). In verse 29 it talks about the secrets of the Lord can be revealed. How can you have revelation if the Canon of the Bible is closed? You can’t. That is why the LDS church believes that there is an open Canon.

Chapter 30: Blessings and Curses

When Israel scatters, the Lord promises to gather them again. The Lord tells the people that he will remember the covenant that he has made with them. Moses tells the people that they can either live or die, but they must obey the commandments if they want blessings. OR they can be cursed with all manner of curses.

VERSE 6-7, Love God with all your heart and mind, and he shall curse your enemies.

VERSE 14-17, Listen to God and do what he wants or you WILL fall away!

Deuteronomy 27-28

Deuteronomy 27-28

Chapter 27: Cursed Be…

Israel will cross Jordan to build an altar and worship the Lord. The Children of Israel, are the Lord’s people, but curses shall be among them if they do not obey him.

Moses speaks to the congregation of Israel and outlines the curses that can be brought among them if they chose to disobey him:

  • Cursed be… “…the man that maketh any graven images or molten images…” (Deuteronomy 27:15)
    • Don’t worship other gods.
    • Cursed be… “…he that setteth light by his father or his mother (setteth light: disgraces)…” (Deuteronomy 27:16)
      • Don’t disgrace your parents.
      • Cursed be… “…he that removeth his neighbors landmark…” (Deuteronomy 27:17)
        • Don’t steal property.
        • Cursed be… “…he that perverteth the judgement of the stranger, fatherless, and widow…” (Deuteronomy 27:18)
          • Don’t falsely accuse someone of something that they did not do.
          • Cursed be… “…he that lieth with his father’s wife…” (Deuteronomy 27:19)
            • Incest is an abomination.
            • Cursed be… “…he that lieth with any manner of beast…” (Deuteronomy 27:20)
              • Bestiality is an abomination.
              • Cursed be… “…he that lieth with his sister, the daughter of his father, or the daughter of his mother…” (Deuteronomy 27:22)
                • Again, Incest is an abomination.
                • Cursed be… “…he that lieth with his mother in law…” (Deuteronomy 27:23)
                  • Sexual sin.
                  • Cursed be… “…he that smiteth his neighbor secretly…” (Deuteronomy 27:24)
                    • Don’t gossip or accuse someone falsely.
                    • Cursed be… “…he that taketh a reward to slay an innocent person…” (Deuteronomy 27:25)
                      • Don’t murder for money or power.
                      • Cursed be… “…he that confirmeth not all the words of this law to do them…” (Deuteronomy 27:26)
                        • Anyone who disagrees with the laws, shall be cursed.

Chapter 28: Blessings and Curses

If Israel is obedient they shall be blessed both spiritually and temporally (blessed in the things of God and the world). If the children of Israel disobey they shall be cursed, smitten and destroyed. The curses that lurk are; plagues, diseases, and oppression from foreign lands. If the congregation of Israel worships false gods, they will be enslaved by foreign powers, and will have their children eaten, yes eaten (see verse52-53).

Deuteronomy 25-26

Deuteronomy 25-26

Chapter 25: Marriage Law

In Israel, judges will pass down sentences for those who commit crimes and wickedness. Marriage law in Israel provides that if a woman’s husband die and they have no children, that the brother of the husband who died shall go in unto the widow and raise children unto his brother (verse 5).

In doing business, Moses speaks about using just weights and measurements as to not deceive. Essentially today, you could say that Moses was speaking out about proper business ethics, to be fair and proper.

Israel is commanded to “blot out” the Amalekites from under heaven, to kill them.

Chapter 26: Law of Tithing

If you keep the law of tithing and help out your neighbor you will be blessed. See verse 12.

Deuteronomy 23-24

Deuteronomy 23-24

Chapter 23: The Congregation

Moses speaks to the congregation and outlines who can and cannot enter into the congregation and more importantly the Tabernacle of Israel. This of course from previous chapters and books includes all unclean things, including those who disobey and do not follow the commandments of God.

Moses also outlines the laws of servants/slaves, usury and vows.

Moses states that if a slave comes into the midst of the children of Israel and the slave master comes to claim his slave/servant that the children of Israel can give refuge to the servant/slave that has escaped. (verse 15-16) and he states that they (the children of Israel) should not oppress the slave, or in other words the slave is now free among them.

Then in verses 19-20 Moses speaks about Usury, and that among strangers it is ok to have usury. Now I interpreted what Moses said, as the children of Israel were to not have interest rates, or very low interest rates among themselves on people who borrow money. But among outsiders whom were not part of the family that they would offer money to borrow at higher interest rates. Essentially helping out those who were family to you.

Chapter 24: Laws of Moses

Moses outlines the law of divorce, saying;

“When a man hath taken a wife, and married her, and it come to pass that she find no favour in his eyes, because he hath found some uncleanness in her: then let him write her a bill of divorcement, and give it in her hand, and send her out of his house” (Deuteronomy 24:1)

                Essentially stating that only in unfaithfulness or any other sin against the holy matrimony shall divorce be permitted.

Moses also speaks to the congregation regarding newly-weds, stating;

“When a man hath taken a new wife, he shall not go out to war, neither shall he be charged with any business: but he shall be free at home one year, and shall cheer up his wife which he hath taken” (Deuteronomy 24:5)

                If we took this literally, everyone who gets married would go on a 1 year honey moon, which I don’t think would be very practical. But we can take from this, that everyone who gets married should ensure that they start their marriage off strong and make sure that a huge focus is placed on each other and the development of that beautiful relationship. If this is done, we can see a higher percentage of happy marriages.

Moses then ends this chapter off, by stating that;

 “The fathers shall not be put to death for the children, neither shall the children be put to death for the fathers: every man shall be put to death for his own sin” (Deuteronomy 24:16)

                The second Article of Faith of the LDS church states; “We believe that men will be punished for their own sins and not for Adam’s transgression”

                Again we see a very clear principle in the Bible that is not followed by mainstream Christianity, for example many religions believe in the “original sin”, that we are “naturally sinful” because of the transgression of Adam and Eve, and that is why some religions (the Catholic church for example) baptize infants, because they are “born with sin”, this however, in my personally opinion is an abomination! Jesus himself said that

“…Except ye be converted, and become as little children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven. Whosoever therefore shall humble himself as this little child, the same is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven. And whoso shall receive one such little child in my name receiveth me. But whoso shall offend one of these little once which believe in me, it were better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and that he were drowned in the depth of the sea.” (Matthew 18:3-6)

                Jesus spoke out about offending the children, because they were part of heaven, and we must become like a child to enter into the kingdom of heaven. If that is true, how can a baby, completely innocent and incapable of committing sin, needs to be baptized to be cleansed of sin?

The Book of Mormon has an entire chapter on the abomination of this practice. Moroni, who was ancient prophet who lived in the Americas spoke out about this;

“…little children are alive in Christ, even from the foundation of the world; if not so, God is a partial God, and also a changeable God, and a respecter to persons; for how many little children have died without baptism! Wherefore, if little children could not be saved without baptism, these must have gone to an endless hell… For awful is the wickedness to suppose that God saveth one child because of baptism and the other must perish because he hath no baptism.” (Moroni 8:12-14), see also Moroni Chapter 8 in its entirety.