Summary of Jeremiah

Summary of Jeremiah

Chapter by Chapter:

Jeremiah 1-2: Jeremiah Foreordained/The Jews reject everything

Jeremiah 3-4: Gathering of Israel/Repent!

Jeremiah 5-6: Sin= Less or No Blessings /Jerusalem shall be destroyed

Jeremiah 7-8: Repent!/Calamities shall fall on Jerusalem

Jeremiah 9-10: Sinful people will be punished /Learn not thy heathen!

Jeremiah 11-12: The Lord heareth not /Learn the ways of Israel

Jeremiah 13-14: Israel and Judah shall not/The Lord will not hear thy prayers

Jeremiah 15-16: Jerusalem shall be destroyed/The Restoration

Jeremiah 17-18: Keep the Sabbath Day/Repent and God will Repent

Jeremiah 19-20: Eating Flesh?/Jeremiah is smitten

Jeremiah 21-22: Judged by Works/Pastors will be confounded

Jeremiah 23-24: False Prophets /Jews shall be scattered and cursed

Jeremiah 25-26: The Last Days: War/Not worthy of death

Jeremiah 27-28: All Nations to serve Babylon/Hananiah Prophesies Falsely

Jeremiah 29-30: Prophesying Falsely/Christ will Reign

Jeremiah 31-32: Israel shall be gathered/The Lord will gather Israel

Jeremiah 33-34: The Seed of David/The Jews will be scattered

Jeremiah 35-36: Blessings for Obedience/Roll or Book

Jeremiah 37-38: Jeremiah Prophesies of Egypt/Jeremiah in the dungeon

Jeremiah 39-40: Jerusalem is taken captive/Gedaliah, Governor of the Jews

Jeremiah 41-42: Ishmael kills Sedaliah/Jeremiah promises peace if they obey

Jeremiah 43-44: Babylon shall conquer Egypt/Jeremiah prophesies of the destruction of Jerusalem

Jeremiah 45-46: The Life of Baruch shall be preserved/Conquest of Egypt and Babylon

Jeremiah 47-48: The destruction of the Phillistines/The destruction of Moab

Jeremiah 49-50: Judgment and Destruction/Babylon shall be destroyed

Jeremiah 51-52: Babylon shall be destroyed/Zedekiah’s sons die in Jerusalem

 

The Book of Jeremiah is the second of the Latter Prophets in the Hebrew Bible. It derives its name from the records and the visions of Jeremiah. Jeremiah lived in Jerusalem in the late 7th and early 6th centuries BC during the time of King Josiah and the fall of the Kingdom of Judah to the Babylonians. The book is written in a complex and poetic Hebrew. According to the book, the Prophet Jeremiah was a son of a priest from Anatot in the land of Benjamin, who lived in the last years of the Kingdom of Judah after the siege of Jerusalem, which ended in the destruction of Solomon’s Temple and the raiding of the city by Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon.

For a quarter century prior to the destruction, Jeremiah repeatedly issued prophecies predicting God’s forthcoming judgment; advocating the Israelites to put down their idols and repent in hopes of turning away God’s judgment and fulfilling their destiny as His chosen people. Jeremiah’s fellow Israelites refused to heed his warnings and did not repent. His efforts failed and he witnessed the destruction of everything he knew.

Jeremiah 51-52

Jeremiah 51-52

Chapter 51: Babylon shall be destroyed

Jeremiah foretells of the destruction of Babylon. We learn that Jesus Christ is the “builder” of the earth and God the Father is the “creator” or the “architect” who laid out the plans.

“He [Jesus] hath made the earth by his power, he hath established the world by his wisdom, and hath stretched out the heavens by his understanding.” (Jeremiah 51:15) Babylon will be destroyed by the Medes. All shall be broken in pieces. The daughter of Babylon is like threshing floor, it is time to thresh her. Babylon will be brought as a lamb to the slaughter; it will become a dwelling place for dragons. Jeremiah instructs Seraiah (the chief priest) to read this prophecy in Babylon, then bind a stone to the prophecy and throw it in the Euphrates to demonstrate that Babylon shall sink.

When reading this it is not certain what “book” Jeremiah was speaking of, was it the Book of Jeremiah that we know of today? I personally believe that the book is different from what we know and is another Lost Book of the Bible.

Chapter 52: Zedekiah’s sons die in Jerusalem

We are reminded of an account of the defeat of Zedekiah by the Babylonians (see 2 Kings 25). Zedekiah’s sons are killed, Zedekiah, himself blinded.  Jerusalem is besieged and looted by the Chaldeans. We also learn that the way Jehoiachin is treated in his captivity improves.

Jeremiah 49-50

Jeremiah 49-50

Chapter 49: Judgment and Destruction

Jeremiah prophesies destruction for the Ammonites. Edom (whose fall is compared to Sodom and Gomorrah) will fall. The heart of the mighty men of Edom shall be as the heart of a woman in her pangs.

Chapter 50: Babylon shall be destroyed

The Lord is angry with Babylon for their sin; “My people hath been lost sheep: their shepherds have caused them to go astray…” (Jeremiah 50:6) The Lord is upset with the choices his children are making and more upset with the “Pastors” or teachers that are supposed to be showing them the way. Instead “…they have forgotten their resting place.” (Jeremiah 50:6) Because of this Babylon will fall at the hands of a nation from the north; the “…most proud shall stumble and fall…” (Jeremiah 50:32) This will cause Israel to scatter, but be once again restored.

Jeremiah 47-48

Jeremiah 47-48

Chapter 47: The destruction of the Phillistines

Jeremiah foretells of destruction from the north (Babylon, which is predicted for the Philistines. The Babylonians are compared to an overflowing flood.

Chapter 48: The destruction of Moab

Judgment and destruction will come upon Moab, until it is destroyed. Moab is punished for its complacency and pride.

Jeremiah 45-46

Jeremiah 45-46

Chapter 45: The Life of Baruch shall be preserved

Baruch (who had written/read Jeremiah’s prophecies in the temple in Jeremiah 36) is in anguish regarding the destruction of Judah, but is assured that the Lord will build what he has broken down and that his life shall be preserved.

Chapter 46: Conquest of Egypt and Babylon

The prophet sees the preparation of Pharaoh Necho for the battle of Carchemish. In their confidence of victory, the Egyptians are like a river overflowing its banks. However, they will be defeated as the Lord decreed by the river Euphrates. The Egyptians will be overthrown by Nebuchadnezzar after his siege of Tyre. The Jews will be eventually returned to divine favour as Jacob returns to his own land.

Jeremiah 43-44

Jeremiah 43-44

Chapter 43: Babylon shall conquer Egypt

Men try to discredit Jeremiah’s prophecy but they carry the people into Egypt. Jeremiah places stones at the entry of the Pharaoh’s house, and says Nebuchadnezzar shall set his throne on them. Nebuchadnezzar shall array himself with Egypt, as a shepherd puts on his garment. Jeremiah prophesies that Babylon shall conquer Egypt.

Chapter 44: Jeremiah prophesies of the destruction of Jerusalem

Jeremiah disapproves of the Jews in Egypt for continuing in idolatry (such as burning incense to the queen of heaven). Jeremiah warns of the consequences for doing such evil;

“…because ye have sinned against the Lord, and have not obeyed the voice of the Lord, nor walked in his law… therefore this evil is happened unto you, as at this day.” (Jeremiah 44:23) Jeremiah criticizes their refusal to reform, declares that they will be destroyed along with Egypt for their false worship of false gods.

Jeremiah 41-42

Jeremiah 41-42

Chapter 41: Ishmael kills Sedaliah

Ishmael (of royal seed) executes his conspiracy against Gedaliah and his companions. Ishmael also attempts to carry away the Jews who were with him as captives to the Ammonites. Johanan recovers them, and proposes fleeing with them into Egypt.

Chapter 42: Jeremiah promises peace if they obey

Johanan and the remnant of the people desire Jeremiah to ask counsel of God what they should do. Jeremiah says they will be safe in Judah, but face destruction in Egypt. Jeremiah expresses his disapproval of their hypocrisy in asking advice they have no intention of following.

Jeremiah 39-40

Jeremiah 39-40

Chapter 39: Jerusalem is taken captive

In the ninth year of Zedekiah, Jerusalem is broken up by the Babylonian forces. Zedekiah is blinded, and his sons killed. Jeremiah is spared, and sent home to dwell among his people. Ebed-melech is also spared.

This is where I find the story of Zedekiah VERY interesting;

“And it came to pass, that when Zedekiah the king of Judah saw them, and all the men or war, then they fled, and went forth out of the city by night… But the Chaldeans’ army pursued after them, and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho… they brought him up to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon… where he gave judgment upond him… the king of Babylon slew the sons of Zedekiah in Riblah  before his eyes… Moreover he put out Zedekiah’s eyes, and bound him with chains, to carry him to Babylon…” (Jeremiah 39:4-7)

Why is this so interesting? Because we can learn more about this story in the Book of Mormon..

In Omni 1:15-16, we read; “…it came to pass that Mosiah discovered that the people of Zarahemla came out of Jerusalem at the time that Zedekiah, king of Judah, was carried away captive into Babylon. And they journeyed in the wilderness, and were brought by the hand of the Lord across the great waters, into the land where Mosiah discovered them…” (Omni 1:15-16)

We also learn from another book in the Book of Mormon that “Mulek” one of Zedekiah’s sons was actually not slain and fled with this same group of people that we know now as the Americas. (see Heleman 6:10 and 8:21)

Chapter 40: Gedaliah, Governor of the Jews

Jeremiah puts himself under the jurisdiction of Gedaliah, the son of Ahikam, who has been made the governor of Judah. Johanan acquaints the governor of a conspiracy against him, but no one believes him. Jeremiah is freed.

Jeremiah 37-38

Jeremiah 37-38

Chapter 37: Jeremiah Prophesies of Egypt

Zedekiah succeeds Coniah, the son of Jehoiakim, in Judah. Zedekiah does evil in the sight of the Lord. The kings send a message to Jeremiah, and Jeremiah replies, foretelling the return of the Chaldean army, who will take and burn the city. Jeremiah, in attempting to leave Jerusalem, and retire to his possession in the country is seized as a deserter and cast into a dungeon.

Chapter 38: Jeremiah in the dungeon

The princes of Judah, taking offense at Jeremiah on account of his predicting the destruction of Jerusalem, cause him to be cast into a deep and miry dungeon. Ebed-melech, an Ethiopian, gets the king’s permission to take him out. Jeremiah advises the king, who consulted him privately, to surrender to the Chaldeans. The king promises that he will not put Jeremiah to death, and requires the consultation secret.

Jeremiah 35-36

Jeremiah 35-36

Chapter 35: Blessings for Obedience

The Lord commands Jeremiah to go and test the obedience of the Rechabites by essentially tempting them with wine. However after having wine placed before them they tell Jeremiah and those that are with him; “…We will drink no wine: for… our father commanded us… Ye shall drink no wine…” (Jeremiah 35:6) So even after being tempted they resisted and obeyed the commandment of the Lord. This is something we should learn from… even after temptation and perhaps peer pressure or pressure from the world to do something that goes against God’s commandments… WE CAN HAVE THE STRENGTH TO SAY NO!

The Lord commends and blesses the Rechabites, who obey the Lord by staying sober and not partaking of any wine.  Their obedience is contrasted with Judah and Jerusalem.

Chapter 36: Roll or Book

Word comes to Jeremiah in the fourth year of the reign of Jehoiakim. Using Baruch as his scribe, Jeremiah writes down his prophecies. Baruch reads them publicly upon a fast day in the temple, where the princes hear him, and decide to tell the king of what they are preaching while at the same time advising both Jeremiah and Baruch to hide. Jehoiakim has the roll thrown into the fire, and orders Jeremiah and Baruch to be seized. The Lord conceals them and then later commands Jeremiah to rewrite the roll, and denounces the burning of the roll.