Psalms 89-90

Psalms 89-90

Chapter 89: Christ’s Throne shall be established

Maschil of Ethan the Ezrahite

                Ethan tells us that the Lord is merciful and that no one can be compared to Him. We learn that in the assembly/congregation of the saints, the Lord is greatly feared. This Psalm is essentially about the: mercy, greatness, justice, and judgment of the Holy one of Israel. Ethan tells us that David’s seed (through Christ) will be established forever.

There is one thing that really caught my eye “He [Jesus] shall cry unto me [God the Father], thou art my father, my God, and the rock of my salvation. Also I will make him my first born, higher than the kings of the earth.” (Psalms 89:26-27)

                This tells us a few very important gospel truths:

  • Jesus is the son of God the Father (Elohiem)
  • Jesus is the first son of God “…that he might be the firstborn among many bretheren.” (Romans 8:29)
  • Jesus is separate from God the Father (the Trinity: God the Father, His Son [Jesus] and the Holy Ghost). The Three are separate and individual beings.

Chapter 90: Man’s days, compared to God’s

A Prayer of Moses the man of God

                This is a Prayer of Moses where we learn that God is everlasting. Man’s life is meant to be “three score years and ten”; three score was a term used to say “60” and “10”= “70” so in other words humans are meant to live to age “70” according to Moses’s prayer.

Moses tells the Lord that He “…hast set our iniquities before thee, our secret sins in the light of thy countenance” (Psalms 90:8). Moses is essentially confessing his and his peoples sins. Although I strongly feel that the Lord already knows our sins. Our sins are not secret from Him. Moses asks the Lord for his kindness in blessing the people.

 

Psalms 69-70

Psalms 69-70

Chapter 69: David is persecuted

To the chief Musician upon Shoshannim, A Psalm of David.

                “They that hate me without a cause are more than the hairs of mine head…” (Psalms 69:4) exclaims David. At this point David was being persecuted and was not without hate. He explains how he feels by saying that “They that sit in the gate speak against me; and I was the song of the drunkards” (Psalms 69:12). I find this particular verse very funny, because while I was a missionary in Honduras I came across men on the street who were drunk, that did the very same thing. These “drunkards” would harass us and keep us from doing the work on a daily basis.

David felt very much alone in his time of difficulty “Reproach hath broken my ear; and I am full of heaviness: and I looked from some to take pity, but there was none; and for comforters, but I found none.” (Psalms 69:20) Have you ever felt alone in your trials? I know I have, I have sought pity and comfort before in my times of struggle, difficulty, sadness, depression etc. We all go through this, but we need to remember that we are not the only ones going through this. We all have trials in this life, and we need to remember that when we are dealing with people on a daily basis.

God comforts David and tells him that those who persecute him and cause wickedness will be “…blotted out of the book of the living…” (Psalms 69:28) which we know is most likely a metaphor for those who will receive a full and everlasting life in the presence of the Lord.

Chapter 70: Let God be Magnified

To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David, to bring remembrance.

                I know that this may seem like a short summary of this chapter, but in all honesty it sums it up well, as it is short.

“…Let God be magnified.” (Psalms 70:4)

 

Psalms 27-28

Psalms 27-28

Chapter 27: Be of Good Courage

A Psalm of David.

                “The Lord is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear?” (Psalms 27:1)

                “…though war should rise against me, in this will I be confident.” (Psalms 27:3)

                “…he shall set me upon his rock.” (Psalms 27:5)

                David explains that with the Lord we can have His light and salvation. With this light and salvation we have no reason to fear.

                “Wait on the Lord: be of good courage, and he shall strengthen thine heart: wait, I say, on the Lord” (Psalms 27:14) David reminds us that the even in the tough times, we need to be patience and wait on the Lord with courage.

Chapter 28: Save the People

A Psalm of David.

                David makes a simple plea with the Lord to grant his petitions, save his people and bless his inheritance.

 

Job 34-35

Job 34-35

Chapter 34: God Cannot Be Unjust

Elihu denounces Job for losing faith and denying God’s justice.

“Hear my words…give ear unto me…” (Job 34:2), here it sounds like Elihu is talking down to Job and telling him to listen, because he has all the answers.

Elihu falsely accuses Job of not understanding God’s ways, essentially telling Job that God could not be unjust.

“If now thou hast understanding, hear this: hearken to the voice of my words” (Job 34:16)

Again, Elihu is talking down to Job. If you have understanding, then listen to me. But if Job chooses to not listen to Elihu, he is without understanding?

Elihu took Job’s agonized cries to God as Job condemning God. It was an unfair assumption; Job’s agony was deeply rooted in the sense that he did love God and respect His justice.

Elihu then continues to tell Job about what he should have said to God;

“Surely it is meet to be said unto God, I have borne chastisement, I will not offend any more: That which I see not teach thou me: If I have done iniquity, I will do no more.” (Job 34:31-32)

According to Elihu, Job should have accepted that he was a great sinner, repented and done no more wickedness. Well, the problem with this, is that Job did nothing wrong. If Job however had done wickedly, then yes this would have been the appropriate thing to do. We can learn from Elihu, and apply this principle in our daily lives. If you mess up, say you’re sorry and don’t do it anymore!

Chapter 35: Men Should Trust in God

Elihu confronts Job and asks him, if he believes himself to be more righteous than God. Elihu had just destroyed Job from the previous chapter, accusing him of adding rebellion to his sin, ignoring the wise counsel of his friends, and of speaking wrongly against God.

Elihu’s arguments and ideas were essentially the same as those of Job’s friends. Yet he thought of himself as different, and though that he could correct Job, Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar. Afterall Elihu had the most wisdom! – Sarcasm implied.

Elihu wanted Job (and his friends) to understand an idea that they had already discussed and agreed upon, the idea that God is greater than man and beyond man.

Our wickedness hurts other men, but our righteousness can help them. Put your trust in the Lord!

Job 28-29

Job 28-29

Chapter 28: Wisdom Can Not be bought

Job gives a  little discourse on Wisdom…. Job asks; “…where shall wisdom be found? And where is the place of understanding?” (Job 28:12)

Job tells us that Wisdom cannot be purchased with the vein things of the world. He says that; gold, silver, sapphires, gold of Ophir, coral, pearls, and topaz of Ethiopia cannot buy wisdom or knowledge.

He reminds his friends (and the reader) that “God understandeth the way thereof, and knoweth the place thereof” (Job 28:23), with God you can find Wisdom.

“…Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom; and to depart from evil is understanding.” (Job 28:28)

                If we refrain from evil, we will have understanding. If we fear the Lord (by following His commandments) we can find Wisdom.

Chapter 29: Job and His Former Prosperity

Job continues his discourse by telling his friends and the reader about his former days…

“Oh that I were as in months past, as in the ways when God preserved me; When his candle shined upon my head, and when by his light I walked through darkness” (Job 29:2-3)

It is clear that Job was longing for his old days, the days that were filled with joy instead of pain and suffering. He mentions that he lived a life of prosperity and greatness. Because of his many blessings, he reached out to those who were not so blessed…

“…I delivered the poor that cried…” (Job 29:12)

                “…I caused the widow’s heart to sing for joy.” (Job 29:13)

                “I was eyes to the blind, and feet was I to the lame” (Job 29:15)

Job reached out to his fellow man and helped those who could not help themselves, and lent a hand of help, love and service to those who were overwhelmed or tired.

Job even served justice when needed; “…I break the jaws of the wicked, and pluck the spoil out of his teeth.” (Job 29:17)

This to me says that violence, on occasion is OK. After all we can learn that EVEN Jesus had to cause a little disturbance at times… “And Jesus went into the temple of God… and overthrew the tables of the money-changers…” (Matthew 21:12)

2 Samuel 23-24

2 Samuel 23-24

Chapter 23: Rulers must be Just

                David speaks (some of) his last words;

                “…He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God.” (2 Samuel 23:3). This is something really important, especially in today’s political scene. Rulers must always fear God, if they do this they will be successful! If not, they will be responsible for their actions.

                The rest of the chapter speaks of how David was not a great ruler, but God will bless them for their everlasting covenant. He also mentions the names of his mighty men and their deeds.

Chapter 24: David Sins; the Lord Sends Pestilence            

                David decides to number Israel and Judah, which combines 1, 300,000 troops! This angers the Lord and he sends a famine that kills 70,000 men! David tells Gad; “…let us fall now into the hand of the Lord; for his mercies are great: and let me not fall into the hand of man” (2 Samuel 24:14). We learn hear of the importance of being in the hands of God. Sometimes it is not popular to be with God, but whose hands would you rather be in? I think I would rather be in the hands of God and NOT MAN!

                David sees an Angel of the Lord, with whom he had sent. The Angel prepares to deliver more destruction, but David pleads with God and God decides to stop the destruction… because David repented of what he had done.

Joshua 1-2

Joshua 1-2

Chapter 1: Be of Good Courage

After the death of Moses, Joshua takes on the great responsibility of filling the shoes of the great prophet. I think that Joshua may feel overwhelmed, because the Lord keeps telling him to not be afraid and to be of good courage. The Lord commands Joshua to mediate upon the law and the words of the books, that he might be able to follow the commandments.

“…thou shalt mediate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success” (Joshua 1:8)

                What can we learn from the above verse? We learn about the importance of study, especially in the commandments of the Lord. We learn that it is important to constantly study, ponder and pray about the scriptures that we read. If we do this we will have a better understanding of the words and know how to act, thus making us more prosperous and successful in our lives.

Joshua begins to prepare Israel to enter into the land of Canaan.

Chapter 2: Spies to Jericho

Joshua sends out spies to the land of Canaan. The two spies come across a house of a harlot who gives them a place to stay. But the king of Jericho finds out that two unknown men came into their land, so he goes to search for them…. but the harlot hides the men on the roof and tells a lie about where the two men had gone in order to help the two spies escape. She asks them for kindness like she had given to them when they come to destroy Jericho… because she trembled at the power of the Lord that led them into the Promised Land.

Deuteronomy 31-32

Deuteronomy 31-32

Chapter 31: Be Strong and of Good Courage

Moses gathers the congregation of Israel and announces that he is old; 120 years old. He tells the congregation to “Be strong and of a good courage…” (Deuteronomy 31:6). The Lord knows that the Israelites will be tempted and do all manner of wickedness, especially in the last days (verse 29)… so he commands Moses to reveal the book of law, which shall be read every seven years at the feast of the tabernacle and shall be “…a witness against thee.” (Deuteronomy 31:26), essentially saying that ignorance is not an option, seeing as the Lord has provided many ways to know of his commandments.

Moses tells the Israelites that in the last days people will hide their face from the Lord and abandon him… and then when trouble comes… they will ask WHERE IS GOD? (verse 17). This evil WILL happen in the “Latter Days” (verse 29).

Chapter 32: The Rock of Salvation

Israel sings the song of Moses; announcing that God speaks to the heavens and the earth. “He is the Rock, his work is perfect; for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he” (Deuteronomy 32:4)

The foolish and unwise shall be ungrateful for the hand of the Lord in their lives, for those who don’t know or are doubting “Remember the days of old, consider the ears of many generations: ask thy father, and he will shew thee; thy elders, and they will tell they.” (Deuteronomy 32:7)

                Israel was known in the pre-existence and chosen in this life by God to be his people. But they forgot the Rock of their Salvation and because of this the Lord sent terror, war and vengeance upon them.

Moses speaks of the nations in the latter days (our current times) that they would be nations “…void of counsel… oh that they were wise, that they understood this, that they would consider their latter end” (Deuteronomy 32:28-29). Moses is saying that the nations and people in the last days won’t consider the truth and will become unwise, following after their own will and not of God’s will.

The Lord speaks of his almighty power; “…I kill, and I make alive; I would and I heal…” (Deuteronomy 32:39) There is NO other god before the Lord.

Deuteronomy 27-28

Deuteronomy 27-28

Chapter 27: Cursed Be…

Israel will cross Jordan to build an altar and worship the Lord. The Children of Israel, are the Lord’s people, but curses shall be among them if they do not obey him.

Moses speaks to the congregation of Israel and outlines the curses that can be brought among them if they chose to disobey him:

  • Cursed be… “…the man that maketh any graven images or molten images…” (Deuteronomy 27:15)
    • Don’t worship other gods.
    • Cursed be… “…he that setteth light by his father or his mother (setteth light: disgraces)…” (Deuteronomy 27:16)
      • Don’t disgrace your parents.
      • Cursed be… “…he that removeth his neighbors landmark…” (Deuteronomy 27:17)
        • Don’t steal property.
        • Cursed be… “…he that perverteth the judgement of the stranger, fatherless, and widow…” (Deuteronomy 27:18)
          • Don’t falsely accuse someone of something that they did not do.
          • Cursed be… “…he that lieth with his father’s wife…” (Deuteronomy 27:19)
            • Incest is an abomination.
            • Cursed be… “…he that lieth with any manner of beast…” (Deuteronomy 27:20)
              • Bestiality is an abomination.
              • Cursed be… “…he that lieth with his sister, the daughter of his father, or the daughter of his mother…” (Deuteronomy 27:22)
                • Again, Incest is an abomination.
                • Cursed be… “…he that lieth with his mother in law…” (Deuteronomy 27:23)
                  • Sexual sin.
                  • Cursed be… “…he that smiteth his neighbor secretly…” (Deuteronomy 27:24)
                    • Don’t gossip or accuse someone falsely.
                    • Cursed be… “…he that taketh a reward to slay an innocent person…” (Deuteronomy 27:25)
                      • Don’t murder for money or power.
                      • Cursed be… “…he that confirmeth not all the words of this law to do them…” (Deuteronomy 27:26)
                        • Anyone who disagrees with the laws, shall be cursed.

Chapter 28: Blessings and Curses

If Israel is obedient they shall be blessed both spiritually and temporally (blessed in the things of God and the world). If the children of Israel disobey they shall be cursed, smitten and destroyed. The curses that lurk are; plagues, diseases, and oppression from foreign lands. If the congregation of Israel worships false gods, they will be enslaved by foreign powers, and will have their children eaten, yes eaten (see verse52-53).