Summary of 2 Chronicles

Summary of 2 Chronicles

Chapter by Chapter:

2 Chronicles 1-2: Solomon Chooses Wisdom/Solomon Builds a Temple
2 Chronicles 3-4: Solomon Builds a Temple/Solomon’s Temple
2 Chronicles 5-6: The Temple is Finished/Dedicatory Prayer for the Temple
2 Chronicles 7-8: The Lord Appears Unto Solomon/Solomon Builds Cities
2 Chronicles 9-10: Queen of Sheba and Solomon/Rehoboam is an Idiot
2 Chronicles 11-12: Jeroboam does wickedly/Rehoboam forsakes the Lord
2 Chronicles 13-14: The Lord Kills Jeroboam/Asa Reigns in Judah
2 Chronicles 15-16: Judah Shall Prosper/Asa Lacks Faith
2 Chronicles 17-18: The Book of the Law of God/Ahab’s False Prophets
2 Chronicles 19-20: Jehoshaphat Rebuked/Jehoshaphat Prays and Fasts
2 Chronicles 21-22: Jehoram Slays His Brothers/Ahaziah Reigns in Wickedness
2 Chronicles 23-24: Athaliah is Slain/Re-building the Temple
2 Chronicles 25-26: Amaziah is Slain/Uziah Reigns & Leprosy
2 Chronicles 27-28: Jotham Reigns/Ahaz Reigns in Wickedness
2 Chronicles 29-30: Hezekiah Reigns in Reighteousness/Hezekiah Invites all to the Passover
2 Chronicles 31-32: Overthrowing FalseWorship/Sennacherib Invades Judah
2 Chronicles 33-34: Manasseh Reigns in Wickedness/Josiah does Good

2 Chronicles 35-36: Josiah is Slain/The People Reject the Prophets

The Book of 2 Chronicles is mainly an evaluation of a nation’s religious history. It is a historical record of the Southern Kingdom of Judah, from King Solomon’s reign to the Babylonian exile. The fall of Judah is sad, but there are many who attempt to turn the people back to God. The entire book stresses a lot on the destruction of people who do not follow God. The worship of false gods and the failure to follow the law of God will never end well. The end of Chronicles details the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple.

In essence; here is a very quick outline of events:

  • Solomon made offerings. God said, “What shall I give you?” Solomon said, “Wisdom to rule this people.” So Solomon ruled over Israel.
  • Solomon sent to King Hiram: “Send me cedars and a craftsman for the temple.” Hiram replied, “The Lord has given David a wise son.”
  • Solomon started work on the temple. He built the portico, the main hall, the Most Holy Place, two cherubim, the veil and two pillars.
  • Solomon made an altar, the Sea, ten lavers, ten lampstands, ten tables and the courts for the temple. Huram made the furnishings.
  • The priests brought the ark into the Most Holy Place. The singers praised the Lord and the glory of the Lord filled the temple.
  • Solomon said, “The Lord has kept his promise.” He prayed, “O Lord, if anyone prays toward this place then hear from heaven and act.”
  • Fire came from heaven and the Israelites worshipped. The Lord said to Solomon, “If you walk in my ways I will establish your throne.”
  • Solomon built cities. He did not make slaves of the Israelites. He appointed the divisions of priests and Levites to their duties.
  • The queen of Sheba came to test Solomon and gave him gold and spices. Solomon excelled all the kings of the earth. Then he died.
  • Jeroboam and all Israel asked Rehoboam to reduce the labour demands. He refused. Rehoboam still ruled Judah but Israel rebelled.
  • The Lord told Rehoboam not to attack Jeroboam. All the Levites came to Judah because Jeroboam set up idols. Rehoboam had sons.
  • Rehoboam was unfaithful to the Lord so Shishak attacked Jerusalem. Rehoboam humbled himself and the anger of the LORD turned away.
  • Abijah became king of Judah. He drew up battle lines against Jeroboam and said, “The Lord is our God”. The Lord routed Jeroboam.
  • Asa became king. He did right in the sight of the Lord. Zerah the Ethiopian brought an army against Judah but the Lord routed them.
  • Azariah said to Asa, “The Lord is with you when you are with Him. Do not give up.” The people made a covenant to seek the Lord.
  • Baasha fortified Ramah so Asa made a treaty with Ben-hadad. Hanani said, “You relied on Aram not the Lord.” Asa became ill and died.
  • Jehoshaphat became king and was devoted to the Lord. He sent his officials to teach the law. He grew greater and built fortresses.
  • Ahab and Jehoshaphat planned for war. Micaiah said, “I saw Israel scattered. Your prophets are lying.” Ahab was killed in battle.
  • Jehoshaphat returned to Jerusalem. He appointed judges and said to them, “Judge carefully, for with the Lord there is no injustice.”
  • An army came against Jehoshaphat so he sought the Lord. Jahaziel said, “The battle is not yours but God’s.” The Lord set ambushes.
  • Jehoram ruled and did evil. Elijah wrote saying, “The LORD will send a plague.” The Lord struck Jehoram with a disease and he died.
  • The people made Ahaziah king. He did evil and was killed by Jehu. Athaliah destroyed the royal family but Jehoshabeath hid Joash.
  • Jehoiada gathered the Levites and anointed the king’s son as king. Athaliah was killed. The people tore down the temple of Baal.
  • Joash ruled and did right while Jehoiada lived. The priests collected money to repair the temple. Joash was killed by his servants.
  • Amaziah ruled in Jerusalem. After he slaughtered the Edomites he bowed down to their gods. He challenged Jehoash and was defeated.
  • The people made Uzziah king. He did right and became powerful. But he went to burn incense on the altar and was struck with leprosy.
  • Jotham became king and did right in the sight of the Lord. He built fortresses in the hills and conquered the Ammonites.
  • Ahaz became king. He made idols, so the Lord gave him to Aram and Israel. He shut the temple of the Lord and sacrificed to other gods.
  • Hezekiah became king and did right. He told the Levites to cleanse the temple. He assembled the officials and they made offerings.
  • Hezekiah sent couriers throughout Judah and Israel saying, “Return to the Lord.” Many gathered in Jerusalem to celebrate Passover.
  • Hezekiah assigned the priests and Levites to their duties. The Israelites gave a tithe. Conaniah was in charge of the offerings.
  • Sennacherib besieged Judah. Hezekiah and Isaiah cried out to the Lord and the Assyrians were struck dead. Hezekiah had great riches.
  • Manasseh became king. He did much evil and was captured by the Assyrians. Then he sought the Lord. Amon became king and did evil.
  • Josiah became king. He repaired the temple and had the law read out. Huldah said, “The Lord says: You will be buried in peace.”
  • Josiah celebrated the Passover. He appointed priests to their duties and provided offerings. Then he attacked Neco and was killed.
  •  Jehoahaz, Jehoiakim, Jehoiachin and Zedekiah ruled. Then Nebuchadnezzar burned the temple and took Judah captive for seventy years.
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Summary of 1 Chronicles

Summary of 1 Chronicles

Chapter by Chapter:

1 Chronicles 1-2: Genealogy of Adam/The Sons of Israel
1 Chronicles 3-4: David’s Sons/Descendants of Judah
1 Chronicles 5-6: Descendants of Reuben/The Sons of Levi
1 Chronicles 7-8: Sons of Issachar/Descendants of Benjamin
1 Chronicles 9-10: Inhabitants of Jerusalem/Saul Dies
1 Chronicles 11-12: David King of Hebron/David’s Mighty Men
1 Chronicles 13-14: The Ark of the Lord/David Marries Wives and Becomes Famous
1 Chronicles 15-16: David Prepares the Ark of the Lord/People Sacrifice and Praise the Lord
1 Chronicles 17-18: Covenant Between David and God/David Subdues all the adversaries of Israel
1 Chronicles 19-20: Ammonites plan War Against Israel/Ammonites are Overcome
1 Chronicles 21-22: David Numbers Israel/Solomon Is to Build the Temple
1 Chronicles 23-24: Solomon is Made King/Sons of Aaron and Levi Divided
1 Chronicles 25-26: Levite Singers and Musicians/Levites Assigned as Porters

1 Chronicles 27-29: Officers who served the King/Solomon to Build the Temple/Solomon Reigns as King

 

The book of 1st Chronicles is a book of Narrative History, and Genealogies. The author appears to be the prophet Ezra who wrote it in circa 430 B.C. It covers the events from 1000 to 960 B.C. Key personalities are King David and Solomon. This book parallels some of 2 Samuel, and therefore describes similar events. It was written after the exile, its purpose was to encourage the remnant that had come out of the Babylonian captivity. It begins with the ancestry of the nation’s past, but it is not chronological.

Chapter 1-9, the book begins with Adam and runs through the genealogies of Israel It continues through all the 12 tribes of Israel, then King David, and the priestly line. The descendants teach the history of the nation, extending from God’s creation all the way through the exile in Babylon. “Now Jabez called on the God of Israel, saying, “Oh that You would bless me indeed and enlarge my border, and that your hand might be with me, and that you would keep me from harm that it may not pain me!” And God granted him that he requested” (4:10).

From chapters 10-29, there is a review from King Saul’s death with the Philistines, through King David’s reign, including the preparation for the building of the new temple, which Solomon would build, “David also told his son Solomon, ‘Be strong and courageous, and do the work. Don’t be afraid or terrified. The LORD God, my God, will be with you. He will not abandon you before all the work on the LORD’s temple is finished” (28:20). The book ends with Solomon’s reigning as king of Israel.