Chapter 1: The Jews despise the Lord
The word of the Lord comes to Israel through Malachi “I have loved you… Yet you say, Wherein hast thou loved us? Was not Esau Jacob’s brother? …yet I loved Jacob, And I hated Esau, and I laid his mountains [Edom] and his heritage waste for the dragons of the wilderness.” (Malachi 1:2-3) Despite the resolve to return and rebuild, Edom will become known as “…The Border of Wickedness..” (Malachi 1:4).
The Lord continues to address Israel through His prophet Malachi, He asks: “A son honoureth his father and a servant his master: if then I be a father, where is mine honour? …O priests, that have despised my name. And ye say, Wherein have we despised thy name?” (Malachi 1:6) During this time the priests were offering polluted bread on the Lord’s altar as well as offering sacrifices of defiled and blemished animals (blind, lame, or stolen animals).The Lord’s name shall be dreadful among the heathens.
Chapter 2: The Priests do not keep the Covenants
God sends a word of warning for those who corrupt his gospel, mainly to the wicked priests; “If ye will not hear, and if ye will not lay it to heart, to give glory unto my name, saith the Lord of hosts, I will even send a curse upon you, and I will curse your blessings… I will corrupt thy seed…” (Malachi 2:2-3) The example of Levi, who made a covenant before the Lord is mentioned, the Lord says that those priests have made others to stumble at His commandments.
During this time the Jewish people were dealing treacherously between one another and the Lord asks; “Have we not all one father? Hath not one God created us? Why do we deal treacherously every man against his brother, by profaning the covenant of our fathers?” (Malachi 2:10)
We all have ONE father and therefore have no reason to treat each other (strangers or not) as our brothers and sisters.
Chapter 1 + Summary of Obadiah
Obadiah is one of the smallest books in the bible at about 1 ½ pages long, and includes only one chapter.
Chapter 1: Obadiah Prophesies Downfall of Edom
Obadiah has a vision, and in that vision he sees…
Edom will be made small among the nations. Though it ascends as high as an eagle, it shall be brought down. The judgment on Edom will be complete and not like when robbers and grape gatherers leave some grapes behind. The house of Jacab shall be a fire, and the house of Joseph a flame, but the house of Esau shall be stubble. The children of Israel shall possess the land of the Canaanites. Saviors shall come to Mount Zion to judge the mountains of Esau, and the kingdom shall be the Lord’s.
Scripture Thought (What I Learned):
In these chapters we find a rhetorical formula that introduces judgment upon each people in this manner; “…For three transgressions of ____, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof…” The blank is replaced with Syria, Edom, Israel, Ammon, etc. Clearly we can see that the Lord is angered by the transgressions. I personally believe that this expression did not literally mean that the transgressions occurred 3 or 4 times… but that they were occurring many times and that was enough to cause a punishment.
Chapter 1: The Lord Judges Syria, Tyre and Edom
Amos shows the Lord’s judgments upon Syria, the Philistines, Tyre, Edom and Ammon. We learn a little about Amos, who is a sheepbreeder of Tekoa; a simple farmer with no prophetic or theological training. Amos lived in the days of Uzziah of Judah and Jeroboam of Israel.
The Lord roars from Zion; the pastures of the shepherds mourn, and top of Carmel (in Israel) withers. The people of Damascus shall go captive to Kir in Assyria. Judgment against Gaza and Tyre, because they delivered God’s people to the Edomites. Edom will be punished because of its pitiless anger. Ammon will be punished, because it killed pregnant women in Gilead. The king of the Ammonites will be taken captive.
Chapter 2: The Lord will Judge Moab, Judah and Israel
The Lord will pour out judgments upon Moab; Moab will be destroyed with fire, and its princes slain, because it burned the bones of the king of Edom to lime. Judah will be sent fire, because their lies have led them astray. Israel will be punished for its sins against the righteous, poor and humble. The Lord vanquished the Amorites so the Israelites could occupy their Canaanite land, and the Israelites responded by giving wine to Nazirites and forbidding people from prophesying. The most courageous of men shall flee naked in the Day of Judgment.
Chapter 35: Judgment of Mt. Seir
The word of the Lord comes to Ezekiel and tells him to warn the people of Mount Seir of Idumea (Edom). Ezekiel warns them that their lands will be filled with the bodies of slain men, because of the blasphemies/and wrong doings that had been committed unto Israel. The people and lands of Mount Seir shall be desolate.
Chapter 36: New Heart, New Spirit
In the last days the house of Israel will be scattered back to their own lands… the mountains of Judah, occupied by the Idumeans, will be rid of their alien occupants and their idolatries. These same idolatries and other sins of the Jews are the cause of their dispersion and captivity. The Israelites will be restored after the Babylonian captivity.
“…the desolate land shall be tilled… And they shall say, This land that was desolate is become like the garden of Eden; and the waste and desolate and ruined cities are become fenced…” (Ezekiel 36: 34-35)
The Lord shall give the Jews a new heart and a new spirit and they shall have the Gospel Law in the Last days.
Chapter 25: The Lord’s Vengeance
God’s judgment falls upon the Ammonites, Moabites, Edomites and Philistines. Because they showed hatred for His people, and insulted them in their distress. God will execute great vengeance upon them with furious disapproval. With this fury and vengeance they shall know that HE is The Lord.
Chapter 26: Tyrus shall be destroyed
Tyre has gloated at Jerusalem. Because of this Tyre’s walls and towers will be destroyed, and the city and its inhabitants will be laid waste at the hands of Nebuchadnezzar. The princes will be clothed with trembling. Desolation and Destruction is foretold.