Matthew 5

Matthew 5:

The Sermon on the Mount: Part 1

                Jesus preaches the famous, Sermon on the Mount. After seeing a multitude of people, Jesus goes to the top of a mountain and began to teach his disciples. In this one chapter, which comprises only 1/3 of the Sermon on the Mount, we learn a vast amount of important doctrine.

Jesus begins his address by addressing those who are blessed;

Blessed are…

  • “…the poor in spirit…” (Matthew 5:3)
  • “…they that mourn…” (Matthew 5:4)
  • “…the meek…” (Matthew 5:5)
  • “…they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness…” (Matthew 5:6)
  • “…the merciful…” (Matthew 5:7)
  • “…the pure in heart…” (Matthew 5:8)
  • “…the peacemakers…” (Matthew 5:9)
  • “…they which are persecuted for righteousness’ sake” (Matthew 5:10)
  • “…ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake.” (Matthew 5:11)

“Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which before you.” (Matthew 5:12)

What is Jesus saying here? He is saying that as a disciple of Jesus Christ you WILL be persecuted, and you will mourn. These things are just part of life. However, those who are meek, pure in heart and are persecuted for righteousness’ sake will be rewarded. It wasn’t easy for Jesus, he was persecuted, and so were the prophets after him. Where good prevails, evil will always follow behind in jealousy. Good men and women suffer, so that they might understand what the true joys of the world are. For you cannot have comfort, without pain. For how would you know the difference? The same is with the gospel of Jesus Christ, we must be tried, so that we can be corrected and put on a straight and narrow path.

Jesus continues his address by saying; “Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be salted? It is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot of men. Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on a hill cannot be hid. Neither do men light a candle and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick… let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.” (Matthew 5:13-16)

As disciples of Jesus Christ we are the salt of the earth, if we lose our flavor, what are we good for? Nothing! Therefore it is important that we set the example for the rest of the world. We need to show the world our good works and do as Jesus would do. The popular Christian “WWJD: What Would Jesus Do?” fits perfectly in this scenario. OR perhaps we can use the LDS version of “CTR: Choose the Right”. Either way, we need to Choose the Right, and do, as Jesus would do! We should never set our talents aside. We need to shine brightly before all men, doing good and representing Jesus as our savior.

Jesus continues his address, by altering some of the most basic LAWS of MOSES. At the time of his Sermon, I can imagine people confused and possibly upset by the words of Jesus. After all he was contradicting some of the most basic laws of the time.

Jesus says that whoever is angry with his brother, shall be in danger of judgment. Those who commit adultery will be judged, but the same is also applied to those who look after women to “…lust after her…” (Matthew 5:28), this is also committing adultery in your heart.

Jesus also contradicts the common “eye for an eye” and a “tooth for a tooth” law of the time, by stating; “…whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also.” (Matthew 5:39)

Jesus teaches about compassion and love for not only your neighbor, but for your enemy; “…Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you.” (Matthew 5:44)

Jesus taught that we should be compassionate and not worry about the wrongs of others. If someone wrongs you, we are not to judge them. We should try to love those that hate us, use us or persecute us. We should try to help those in need and if necessary turn our other cheek to those who wish to smite us. In the end, we are here on the earth to become more like our Father in Heaven. We are not perfect, but our goal is to strive to be perfect; “Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect” (Matthew 5:48)

Exodus 21-22

Exodus 21-22

Chapter 21: Law of Moses

The Lord reveals his laws for, as part of the Law of Moses:

Servants:

  • If you buy a Hebrew servant, he will work for 6 years and on the 7th year he shall go free.
  • If he came by himself or with a wife, both shall go free.
  • If the master gave the servant a wife, then the servant shall go free. But the wife and any children born belong to the master.
  • If a servant is given a wife by the master and chooses to be with the wife, then he becomes property of the master for life.
  • If a servant is assaulted and has his eye damaged then he can be set free.

Plural Marriage:

  • If a daughter is sold as a maidservant she shall not go out and be free as the servant.
  • If a man take another wife, then his duty to both wives (to feed, clothe, shelter, etc) remains.

Death Penalty:

  • If a man kills, then he shall be killed.
  • If a man steals (kidnaps) or enslaves man, he shall be put to death.
  • If a man causes the “fruit to depart from her” killing a baby in a pregnant woman, then the husband can do with the man as he pleases, and the judges will decide how much he pays.

Eye for an Eye:

  • Life for Life
  • Eye for Eye
  • Tooth for Tooth
  • Hand for Hand
  • Foot for Foot
  • Wound for Wound
  • Stripe for Stripe

Chapter 22: Law of Moses

  • If a man steal an ox or a sheep and kill or sell it. He shall restore 5 oxen for an ox and 4 sheep for a sheep.
  • If a thief is breaking in and is killed, the one who killed him will not be killed.
  • If a thief is unable to make restitution he will be sold.
  • If a thief is caught with an ox or sheep alive, he will restore to the owner double.
  • If a man eats from  a field that is not his, he shall make restitution.
  • If a man causes a fire that burnt down a field he shall make restitution.
  • Anything stolen, once caught the thief must pay the owner double.
  • A witch shall not live, but shall be killed.
  • Anyone who lies with an animal shall be killed.
  • Anyone who sacrifices unto another God, other than the Lord shall be destroyed.
  • Thou shalt not oppress a stranger.
  • Thou shalt not afflict any widow or fatherless child.
    • Anyone who afflicts a widow or a fatherless child and that widow or child cries unto the Lord. The Lord will visit the person who afflicted and make widows and make them fatherless.
    • If you lend money, you cannot be a usurer.