Leviticus 15-16

Leviticus 15-16

Chapter 15: Other Types of Un-cleanliness

The Lord speaks to Aaron and Moses about skin issues and other unclean things. We learn in Matthew 9:19-21, that a “…woman, which was diseased with an issue of blood twelve years, came behind him (Jesus), and touched the hem of his garment: For she said within herself, If I may but touch his garment, I shall be whole. But Jesus turned him about, and when he saw her, he said, Daughter, be of good comfort; thy faith hath made thee whole. And the woman was made whole from that hour.” (Matthew 9:19-22)        

This woman had a disease with her blood, that made her unclean to the rest of the world. The fact that Jesus turned around and spoke with this woman, probably did not go over with many people, but shows the great love Jesus had for everyone. He had compassion on her, because of the great faith that she had.

We learn more about that “un-cleanliness” in the 15th chapter of Leviticus, where the Lord reveals these things to Moses and Aaron:

“…if a woman have an issue, and her issue in her flesh be blood, she shall be put apart seven days: a whosoever toucheth her shall be unclean…” (Leviticus 15:19)

After that “probation” period of seven days, if she is still unclean, she will remain unclean. The woman in Matthew had suffered being “unclean” for twelve years!

Chapter 16: Forgiveness by Atonement

If the congregation of Israel sins, then the priest (in this case Aaron) will receive 2 goats, and he will cast lots (basically like flipping a coin) to find out which goat will be sacrificed and which goat will become the “scapegoat”. The scapegoat is let free and resides in the wilderness until after the other goat is slain and sacrificed to the Lord as a burnt offering. Most of the same rituals and ceremonies that we have discussed in previous chapters are completed here as well. The only difference is that the blood is sprinkled seven times east -ward on the mercy seat.

After those ceremonies are completed the priest will then bring back the scapegoat and which both his hands placed on the head of the scapegoat, all of the sins and transgressions of the children of Israel at that moment are placed upon the head of this one goat. I am guessing that this is where we got the word “scapegoat” as the one who gets blamed for something that he or she really had no part in.

The Atonement is completed after this, as the scapegoat takes the sins of the children of Israel.

Leviticus 7-8

Leviticus 7-8

Chapter 7: Forgiveness through Sacrifice

The Law of the Trespass Offering, after the burnt offering has been killed the meat is to be eaten by the priest and any males that are with the priest during the time of the sacrifice. Theses shall be made as Atonement; At-One-Ment is a way to address a wrong, such as a sin.

If the burnt offering be as a “thanksgiving”, then the sacrifice of thanksgiving must be presented with unleavened cakes mingled with oil, unleavened wafers anointed with oil and fine flour, fried. The sacrifice must be eaten the day that it is sacrificed, unless it was a vow, then the sacrifice may be eaten in 2 days, but on the third day it must be burnt. If the sacrifice be eaten on the third day, the sacrifice shall be void and the person who commits this will be committing an abomination unto the Lord.

The children of Israel are commanded to not eat the fat of any beast, regardless of how the animal died. The fat is to be used for other purposes, but to never be eaten.

Israel is also commanded to not eat blood. (Leviticus 7:26)

Chapter 8: Washing and Anointing

The Lord commands Moses to bring the congregation of Israel before the doors of the Tabernacle, where Aaron and his sons are washed an anointed, they are clothed in the robes of the priesthood and are consecrated before Israel. Moses and Aaron offer sacrifices of reconciliation unto the Lord in the same manner as I have discussed in the previous chapters of Leviticus.