Acts 23: 40 Jews try to kill Paul
Paul goes before the Sanhedrin and opens up by saying; “…Men and brethren, I have lived in all good conscience before God until this day.” (Acts 23:1) and before Paul could finish, Ananias the high priest commanded the guards standing next to Paul to smack him across the face for his words. Paul quickly responds; “…God shall smite thee, thou whited wall: for sittest thou to judge me after the law, and commandest me to be smitten contrary to the law?” (Acts 23:3)
The Sanhedrin’s reaction to Paul statement is divided between Pharisees (who do believe in the resurrection of the dead) and the Saducees (who do not). It gets so bad at one point that Paul has to be rescued by the Roman commander, so he doesn’t get pulled apart from the mess. Paul is told in a dream that he will go to Rome and testify there. Forty Jews vow not to eat or drink until they have accomplished in killing Paul. Paul is warned by his nephew, who learns of the plot. Paul escapes to Caesarea with a full military escort and a letter referring his case to the governor of the providence. The letter says that Paul is not worthy of death. Paul awaits trial in Caesarea.
Chapter 9: 40 Days and 40 Nights Fasting
Compare to Exodus 32; this is the same story but from the perspective of Moses. Moses gathers the congregation of Israel and reminds them that they can conquer a nation greater than themselves. The reason that they were going to have the power to drive the giants out of their land, is because the people residing in the land were wicked.
Moses tells the congregation that he spent 40 days/nights fasting; drinking neither water or eating bread. This way he was more receptive of the spirit and this is what probably enabled him to see God and receive the Ten Commandments along with other instructions from the Lord.
Chapter 10: Love God
When Moses was on the mount for forty days/nights the Lord commanded him to make a small ark of Shittim wood to place the tablets of stone in. All that God requires, is that the congregations of Israel loves and serve him, if they do this, they will also love and serve their neighbor and the stranger in the land. Because they were once strangers in the land of Egypt too.
Chapter 1: Israel during 40 Years
Moses recounts the stories and things that had happened to them during their 40 year march through the wilderness. Just like in Numbers 11, Moses again calls leaders. These leaders however (in comparison with the “70 Elders of Israel” he chose in 11, are more like government officials than religious authorities.
This chapter also recounts the story of sending spies into the land of Canaan. The Israelites plan to go in and defeat the Amorites, but the Lord tells them, that he would not be with them and they are chased out and weep to the Lord. He doesn’t listen.
Chapter 2: Israel Moves toward Promised Land
Israel moves forward (a recount of history by Moses) to the Promised Land. They pass around Seir, then on to a territory of the descendants of Esau. The Lord commanded the Israelites to not provoke them to war, and to pay for any food/water that they consumed. They pass on from the land of Esau and go to Moab. The Lord again commands the children of Israel to not provoke the Moabites to war, because they were descendants of Lot. After one generation of Israelites die, they once again go to Moab and are once again told to not provoke them.
Moses sends messengers to Sihon, the King of Heshbon with a peace offering, asking for permission to pass through his land. Well Sihon refuses (because the Lord hardened his heart) and the Lord commands his people to kill Sihon and his people and take his land. They accomplish this by killing everything!