Summary of Matthew

Summary of Matthew

Chapter by Chapter:

Matthew 1: Generations of Jesus Christ

Matthew 2: Birth of Jesus

Matthew 3: Jesus is baptized

Matthew 4: Jesus Tempted of the Devil

Matthew 5: The Sermon on the Mount: Part 1

Matthew 6: The Sermon on the Mount: Part 2

Matthew 7: The Sermon on the Mount: Part 3

Matthew 8: Jesus Heals a Leper

Matthew 9: Jesus Forgives Sins

Matthew 10: 12 Apostles – Authority from Jesus Christ

Matthew 11: John: More than a Prophet

Matthew 12: The Lord of the Sabbath

Matthew 13: Parable of Seeds

Matthew 14: John the Baptist Dies

Matthew 15: Contending Against Jesus

Matthew 16: Peter Recieves the Keys

Matthew 17: Transfigurations – Restoration

Matthew 18: We need to forgive our brothers

Matthew 19: Marriage/Judgment of the 12

Matthew 20: Parable of the Laborers

Matthew 21: Cleaning the Temple

Matthew 22: Worldly Marriages

Matthew 23: Woe unto Hypocrites

Matthew 24: Second Coming: Jesus talks to His Apostles

Matthew 25: Parable of the 10 Virgins

Matthew 26: Suffering in the Garden

Matthew 27: The Crucifixion of Jesus Christ

Matthew 28: Jesus Christ is Risen

 

                The Gospel of Matthew is one of four gospels in the Holy Bible. Matthew was one of the 12 apostles that were with Jesus Christ throughout His ministry on earth. Matthew was a Jewish tax collector that left his profession to follow the Lord, we are given a personal witness account of many miracles that Jesus performed prior to His suffering in the Garden of Gethsemane and being crucified on the cross.

 The Gospel of Matthew is divided into eight sections that describe different parts of Jesus’ life. It begins with the Genealogy of Jesus and follows with Gospel records of the beginning of Jesus’ ministry. It also describes in detail the baptism of Jesus and His temptation by Satan in the desert. After 40 days and nights of fasting Jesus resisted all temptation. We learn of His ministry while in Galilee, where He commissioned the 12 Apostles, preaches The Beatitudes, performs miracles and teaches many lessons on subjects like; adultery, divorce, giving, prayer, judging, treasures in Heaven and warnings for not following the Gospel or the Commandments.

Jesus also teaches many parables to provide examples to His lessons. Jesus performs the miracle of feeding five thousand people with five loaves of bread and two fish (Matthew 14:17). He also walks on water (Matthew 14:25). In Chapter 17 we learn of the transfiguration that was witnessed by three of His disciples; John, Peter and James (Matthew 17:1). Finally, towards the end of Matthew, we learn that Jesus returned to Galilee, where He predicts of His death. We learn of His entry back into Jerusalem where He is tried and crucified on the cross as a sacrifice for all the sin in the world. Jesus is resurrected and on the third day rises and tells His Apostles to preach unto the world! 

Matthew 28

Matthew 28:

Jesus Christ is Risen

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At the end of the Sabbath, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to see the Sepulchre , where Jesus lay. As they were there, a great earthquake shook the earth and an angel appeared before them and said; “…Fear not ye: for I know that ye seek Jesus, which was crucified. He is not here: for he is risen, as he said… go quickly, and tell his disciples that he is risen from the dead…” (Matthew 28:5-7)

The women leave, running with great joy to go and tell the disciples. On their way to tell the disciples, Jesus intersects them, and they fall to His feet. Jesus tells them; “…Be not afraid: go tell my brethren that they go into Galilee, and there shall they see me.” (Matthew 28:10)

When the chief priests and elders found out what had happened, they go to the soldiers and pay them to lie. They tell them to say that the disciples of Jesus came and stole His body, while the soldiers slept. This obviously is not true, but deception and lies have been around forever, and are always the result of Satan’s work.

When the disciples meet Jesus, some are a little skeptical. But Jesus tells them; “…All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.” (Matthew 28:19) Jesus tells them that He will be with them until the end, but it is important that they spread His gospel.

Matthew 27

Matthew 27:

The Crucifixion of Jesus Christ 

In the early morning hours the chief priests and elders took counsel against Jesus, and decided to put him to death. They bound Him and took Him away to go before Pontius Pilate, who was the governor of the land. Judas, who had betrayed Jesus, finds out what had happened and came before the chief priests. Judas was filled with guilt and desired to return the 30 pieces of silver that had been given to him to betray Jesus. He tells the chief priests; “…I have sinned in that I have betrayed the innocent blood. And they said, What is that to us?” (Matthew 27:27:4) Judas through the silver down in the temple and went home to hang himself. When the chief priests asked what they should do with the money, they took counsel and buried them in the potter’s field. This fulfilled what Jeremiah had prophesied about; “…And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him that was valued, whom they of the children of Israel did value; And gave them for the potter’s field…” (Matthew 27:9) The field was from then on called the “Field of Blood”.

Jesus stands before the governor (Pontius Pilate), where Jesus is asked; “…Art thou the King of the Jews? And Jesus said unto him, Thou sayest.” (Matthew 27:11) Pilate then asks Him if He knows about how many people are witnessing against Him. But Jesus does not respond, and Pontius marveled at this. While Pilate was questioning Jesus, he had in his custody a prisoner named Barabbas. In Hebrew, bar means ‘son of’ and abba means ‘father’ meaning that Barabbas was the ‘son of the father’. Pilate then goes before the people and asks them; “…Whom will ye that I release unto you? Barabbas, or Jesus which is called Christ?” (Matthew 27:17) The chief priests and the elders, persuaded the crowd to ask for the release of Barabbas. So Pilate asks; “…What shall I do then with Jesus which is called the Christ? They all said unto him, Let him be crucified. And the governor said, Why, what evil hath he done?” (Matthew 27:22-23) But the crowd continued to cry louder and louder for the crucifixion of Jesus. Pilate washed his hands before them said to the crowd; “…I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye to it.” (Matthew 27:24)

Barabbas was released to them and soldiers took Jesus and “scourged him”, meaning they whipped Him with a leather strap that had sharp glass, pottery or rocks tied into the leather. Then the soldier put a scarlet robe over His back, a crown woven of thorns on His head. The soldiers then got down on one knee and mocked Him, saying; “…Hail, King of the Jews! And they spit on him… and smote him on the head.” (Matthew 27:29-30) After they had finished mocking and beating Him, they led Jesus away to crucify Him.

The soldiers were leading Him to a place called Golgotha, which means the ‘place of a skull’, while on their journey there; Jesus was no longer able to bear the weight of His own cross. Because of this a man of Cyrene, by the name of Simon was compelled to carry the cross for Jesus. The soldiers gave Jesus Vinegar to drink, but He refused. Upon arrival to Golgotha the soldiers stripped Jesus and cast lots for his raiment. Setup above the cross, where Jesus was crucified, read; “…THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS.” (Matthew 27:37) And one the left and right of Jesus were two thieves, who were also being crucified. This just shows how little the despicable people around Him, thought of His being. While Jesus was suffering on the cross, many passed by and mocked Him.

“…Thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days, save thyself. If thou be the Son of God, come down from the cross.” (Matthew 27:40) – This is very interesting, because 3 days later, Jesus did build the temple again, His own body.

“He saved others; himself he cannot save. If he be the King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him.” (Matthew 27:42) – Even though the chief priests had seen His great miracles, seeing was not enough for them. Instead, every action or move that Jesus made would require proof. This is the very reason why seeing is not always believing. The priests had already seen, but wanted more. Thus proving that they would never be satisfied, even with the evidence placed before them.

In the ninth hour, Jesus cried out with a loud voice towards the heavens; “…Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? That is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?” (Matthew 27:46) Many that were there, thought Jesus was crying out for Elias. And foolishly said, “…let us see whether Elias will come and save him.” (Matthew 27:49) But at that same moment Jesus “…cried again with a loud voice, [and] yielded up the ghost.” (Matthew 27:50) Immediately following the death of Jesus, the veil of the temple was rent in twain [it was torn] and the entire earth did shake. Graves of the saints were opened, and the dead did walk. Those who were around, began to fear greatly, saying; “…Truly this was the Son of God.” (Matthew 27:54) Many women and men, including Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Joses and Joseph went before Pilate and begged for the body of Jesus.

Pilate agrees to give the body and they take the body to a sepulchre, where they rolled a large stone in front of the door. Pilate remembered that it was said Jesus would arise the third day. So to be careful he commands soldiers to watch the sepulchre, to ensure that His disciples don’t take the body and then claim Jesus was resurrected.

Matthew 26

Matthew 26:

Suffering in the Garden

Jesus reminds his Apostles that in two days time the feast of the Passover will occur and some will come to betray him. Those who are against Jesus meet at the house of the high priest, Caiaphas, but decide not to act during Passover, for fear of an uproar by the people. Instead they decide to take Jesus “…by subtilty [by treachery], and kill him.” (Matthew 26:4)

While Jesus was in the house of Simon the leper, a woman comes to anoint Jesus with expensive oil. When the Apostles complain about the waste of the oil, and the money that could have gone to the poor, Jesus replies; “…ye have the poor always; but me ye have no always.” (Matthew 26:11) After this occurred, Judas Iscariot goes to the chief priests and agrees to betray Jesus for thirty pieces of silver.

During the Passover meal, Jesus says to His Apostles; “…Verily I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me. And they were exceeding sorrowful, and began every one of them to say unto him, Lord is it I? And he answered and said, He that dippeth his hand with me in the dish, the same shall betray me… Then Judas, which betrayed him, answered and said, Master, is it I? He said unto him, Thou hast said.” (Matthew 26:21-23,25)

Jesus breaks bread and blesses it and gave it to his disciples, representing His body. Then he has them partake of wine (or water) and tells them that it represents His blood that will be shed for the remission of sins. Jesus explains that after he is gone, that the sheep shall be scattered. Jesus tells Peter that he will deny Him 3 times that same night. Jesus goes up to Gethsemane and asks His disciples to take watch, while he goes and prays. At Gethsemane, Jesus prays for the cup to pass from him. “…O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt.” (Matthew 26:39) Jesus tells His Father that he will do what He is commanded, regardless of what He will have to go through.

Jesus comes back from praying about an hour later to find Peter sleeping, he scolds Peter; “…What, could ye not watch with me one hour? Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.” (Matthew 26:40-41) Judas comes with a small group of men to take away Jesus; Judas identifies Jesus with a kiss. Jesus is brought to Caiaphas to be “tried” before the elders, high priests and scribes. A false witness comes forward to say that Jesus claimed to be able to destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days (which Jesus did say, but this is being used out of context). Jesus keeps silent, and then tells Caiaphas that he is indeed the Christ, and that Caiaphas will see the Son of Man sitting on the right hand of the Father, and coming in glory. Caiaphas rents [tears] his clothes. The group of high priests decides that Jesus is guilty of death. Jesus is beaten, mocked, and spit on. The people around him say: “… Prophesy unto us, thou Christ, Who is he that smote thee?” (Matthew 26:68)

The council tries to identify others who were with Jesus, and ask Peter if he was with Jesus. Peter, however, denies Jesus three times, then the cock crows. Peter remembers that Jesus had said unto him, “…Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. And he went out, and wept bitterly.” (Matthew 26:75)

Matthew 25

Matthew 25:

Parable of the 10 Virgins 

Jesus relates the Parable of the 10 Virgins;

“…the kingdom of heaven be likened unto ten virgins, which took their lamps, and went forth to meet the bridegroom. And five of them were wise, and five were foolish. They that were foolish took their lamps, and took no oil with them: But the wise took oil in their vessels with their lamps.” (Matthew 25:1-4)

While the bridegroom [Jesus] was approaching, the ten virgins slept. At midnight there was a loud cry made, that the bridegroom would shortly be arriving. Upon hearing this news, the ten virgins awoke and prepared for their journey to accompany Jesus. They prepared by getting their lamps ready, but those who were foolish finally realized that they did not have enough oil for their journeys and turned to those who had planned a head, saying; “…Give us of your oil; for our lamps are gone out. But the wise answered… Not so; lest there be not enough for us and you…” (Matthew 25:8-9) The wise virgins suggest that those who did not bring ample oil, leave to go and buy the oil. But while there were out buying the oil; “…the bridegroom came; and they that were ready went in with him to the marriage: and the door was shut.” (Matthew 25:10) When the foolish virgins finally got enough oil and made it to the marriage, they knocked on the door, and said; “…Lord, Lord, open to us. But he answered and said, Verily I say unto you, I know you not.” (Matthew 25:11-12) 

                  This Parable teaches us that we do not know when the Lord will come, and that we need to be ready at all times. We need to prepare ourselves in the last days for the arrival of the bridegroom [Jesus Christ], we need to be like the wise virgins. We need to stay clean, following all of God’s commandments. We need to be self-reliant and ensure that we have enough savings, enough food storage, etc. This will help us get through the storms that await us in life.

                  Jesus relates the Parable of Talents;

“…the kingdom of heaven is as a man travelling into a far country, who called his own servants, and delivered unto them his goods… unto one he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one; to every man according to his several ability…” (Matthew 25:14-15)

After the man had given his talents to his three servants, he departed for a time. While the man was gone the servants took their talents and did with them as they pleased.

  • The servant, who was given one talent, took his talent and buried it into the earth.
  • The servant, who was given two talents, took his talents and made two more talents.
  • The servant, who was given five talents, took his talents and made five more talents.

When the man returned from his journey he asked the servants what they had done with their talents. The first explained that he had made five talents, with the five that the master had given him. He now had 10 talents, the response from the master? “…Well done, thou good and faithful servant; thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will make thee ruler over many things: enter thou into the joy of the lord.” (Matthew 25:21) The other servant, who had made two talents off of the two he had been given, was also given the same praise.

But, the servant who buried his talent, explained to the master that he “…was afraid, and went and hid thy talent in the earth… His lord answered and said unto him, Thou wicked and slothful servant… Take therefore the talent from him, and give it unto him which hath ten talents. For unto every one that hath shall be given, and he shall have an abundance: but from him that hath not shall be taken away even that which he hath…” (Matthew 25:26,28-29)

Jesus ends his speaking in this chapter, by saying;

“…Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me.” (Matthew 25:40)

We need to treat each other with respect and kindness. We need to help the needy, and feed the hungry, just as we would if Jesus himself was in our presence.

Matthew 24

Matthew 24:

Second Coming: Jesus talks to His Apostles 

Jesus is outside with the Apostles and His disciples as they gave Jesus a tour of the temple, but Jesus walks away and tells them that not one stone of the temple will be left on top of another, instead all of them will be thrown down. The disciples are curious and ask Him how this could be. They ask him about the signs of the end of the world, and Jesus tells them:

“…Take heed that no man deceive you. For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many. And ye shall hear of wars and rumours of wars: see that ye be not troubled: for all these things must come to pass, but the end is not yet. For nation shall rise against nation…. there shall be famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes… All these are the beginning of sorrows.” (Matthew 24:4-8)

Jesus knew exactly how the end would play out, and what Jesus said has an eerie similarity to all the events currently going on in the world today. Who would have known that over 2000 years later these words would sound true? Jesus continues by telling the Apostles and disciples with Him, that the world will come for them “…and shall kill you, and ye shall be hated of all nations for my names sake.” (Matthew 24:9) Jesus is referring to the Great Apostasy that would occur, where the Apostles would be killed and the Priesthood keys and authority would be lost from the world… no wonder the age after Christ is known as the “Dark Ages”, the Authority from God was lost, and many would come and deceive to “fill” that void.

Jesus explains to them that the Last Days would come and many false prophets, and Christ’s would arise; “…if any man shall say unto you, Lo, here is Christ, or there, believe it not. For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect.” (Matthew 24:23-24)

                Jesus explains that even the smartest, and most elect individuals will be deceived by Satan. After all the tribulations on the earth are over; “…the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken.” (Matthew 24:29) Essentially we will be without light and comets will come to destroy the earth, but right before the world seems to be doomed, the Son of man, Jesus Christ, will come from the east and he will come with a great sound of trumpets with His angels.

We can speculate as to when this will happen, but Jesus tells His apostles; “… that day and hour knoweth no man… but my Father only.” (Matthew 24:36) Jesus tells His followers that in that last day two will be in the field working and one shall be taken up. Jesus explains that if someone knew the hour that there house were to be broken in to, they would wait and catch the man. Likewise if we knew the hour Jesus would come, we too could be ready. But we don’t know that hour… so we need to be ready at any time!

Matthew 23

Matthew 23:

Woe unto Hypocrites 

                Jesus speaks unto the multitudes gathered before him and pronounces woes upon the scribes and the Pharisees, explaining that “…all their works they for to be seen of men… to be called of men, Rabbi, Rabbi.” (Matthew 23:5,7) Jesus explains that you should call no one your father, except your Father in heaven (see verse 9), I always wondered why the Catholic Priests called themselves, father?

Jesus then goes off on the Scribes and the Pharisees, saying; “…woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! …” (Matthew 23:12,14,15,23,,25,27,29…)

Saying that they shut up the kingdom of heaven against men… devour the widow’s home, make long prayer, stealing the gold of the temple, full of uncleanliness, full of hypocrisy, and murderers of the prophets.

Jesus ends his bashing of the scribes and Pharisees, asking how they rejected all the prophets? “Wherefore, behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them ye shall crucify; and some of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and persecute them from city to city… O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not!” (Matthew 23: 34, 37) 

Since the beginning of time, God has sent servants, the prophets to the earth. God has tried from the start to gather His children and save them, yet they keep rejecting His Prophets.