Chapter 1-3 + Summary of Nahum

Chapter 1-3 + Summary of Nahum

Summary of Nahum:

The prophet Nahum wrote this book just before the fall of Nineveh. He was raised up to preach God’s judgment for a second time to Nineveh. Jonah was the first about 120 years earlier.

•    In chapter 1: Nahum warns of Judgment, and describes the full power of God, “The mountains quake at him, and the hills melt, and the earth is burned at his presence, yea, the world, and all that dwells therein.” (Nahum 1:5)

•    Chapter 2-3: Nahum predicts the destruction of Nineveh, “And is shall come to pass, that all they that look upon thee shall flee from thee, and say, Nineveh is laid waste…” (Nahum 3:7)

 

Chapter 1: The Second Coming

Nahum explains the burden against Nineveh and the burning of the earth at the Second Coming of Jesus Christ. Nahum explains to the reader that God is jealous, angry and vengeful.

“The Lord is slow to anger, and great in power, and will not at all acquit the wicked: the Lord hath his way in the whirlwind and in the storm, and the clouds are the dust of his feet.” (Nahum 1:3)

The Lord knows those who trust in Him and those who follow in his ways. “The Lord is good, a strong hold in the day of trouble; and he knoweth them that trust in him.” (Nahum 1:7)

The Second Coming of Jesus Christ will be horrible for those who do not put their trust in the Lord. However, those who trust in the Lord will be comforted in that day of trouble and will have no fear.

 

Chapter 2: Destruction of the Last Days

An ironic call to battle is made. Nahum explains that the Lord will restore the excellence of Jacob. Meanwhile in Nineveh… chariots rage in the streets, and the Assyrians are led away captive. The destruction of Nineveh is a type of what shall come before the Latter-days, before the Lord comes again.

Chapter 3: The downfall of Nineveh

“Woe to the bloody city! It is all full of lies and robbery…” (Nahum 3:1) Nineveh is punished because of its harlotries and sorceries. Assyria itself will also be destroyed and humiliated. Both will fall before the judgment of God. The inhabitants of Nineveh are as numerous as locusts, but destruction shall still ensue, and all who hear of Nineveh’s defeat shall clap their hands.

Summary of Jonah

Summary of Jonah

Chapter by Chapter:

Jonah 1-2: Jonah is lost at sea/ The Whale “vomits” out Jonah

Jonah 3-4: Jonah saves Nineveh/Jonah is angry

 

The Book of Jonah is one of the many Prophets of the Bible. It tells the story of a Hebrew prophet named Jonah, son of Amittai who is sent by God to prophesy the destruction of the Land of Nineveh and its people but tries to escape the divine mission, but in the end is taught by the Lord to listen and obey. This story is set during the reign of Jeroboam II (Approximately 786-746 BC). The story has an interesting interpretive history and has been a popular Bible story around the world.

Jonah 3-4

Jonah 3-4

Scripture Thought (What I Learned):

In chapters 3 and 4 we learn a lot about God’s mercy and WHO God really is. In LDS doctrine, we believe that God, His Son and the Holy Ghost are all individual and distinct persons. We believe that God the Father and His Son, Jesus Christ have bodies of flesh and bones. After all, we are created in their image, right!? I just love how God says he “repented” (which of course means changed his mind in this context), but God was going to destroy a city and then changed his mind because the people changed their ways. God never hates people, he loves all his children, but he gets upset and sometimes (like any good parent) has to discipline his children.

Jonah gets mad about God NOT destroying the city, but they gets mad at God killing a plant. Here we see the selfishness of Jonah, he only wanted the plant because it gave him shade. God teaches him and any reader a good lesson, ALL Life is important and everyone has a purpose and meaning!

Chapter 3: Jonah saves Nineveh

The word of the Lord comes to Jonah and is again told to cry against Nineveh and its people. Jonah preaches to the people and almost immediately the people repent with ashes and sackcloth. They fasted and turned to their God. Upon seeing this, God decides not to destroy Nineveh.

“…God repented of the evil that he had said that he would do unto them; and he did it not.” (Jonah 3:10)

Chapter 4: Jonah is angry

Jonah is upset because God chose not to destroy Nineveh. He leaves the city and sits in the hot sun where God causes a plant (a gourd of some sort) to grow to provide shade for Jonah. The next day God sends a worm to kill the plant. Without any shade from the hot sun, Jonah is angered and in pain and claims it would be better for him to die.

God questions Jonah’s anger about the death of the plant and asks him why he thinks a plant should be spared from destruction but a large city like Nineveh should not be saved.

Jonah 1-2

Jonah 1-2

Scripture Thought (What I Learned):

This is the classic story of Jonah and the Whale that pretty much everyone has heard once or twice in their lives. I love how the Lord had the whole thing planned and while we don’t know if Jonah was in the whales belly or if this entire story is a metaphor… it doesn’t matter… because we learn some great information. We learn that the Lord has a great plan for us and while Jonah cried from the depths of hell, the Lord listened to him. Often times we are in similar situations and feel trapped, like the waters have encompassed us and we can cry out to the Lord and he will save us… he will LISTEN to us even in the darkest of hours!

Chapter 1: Jonah is lost at sea

The word of the Lord comes to Jonah (who was the son of Amittai) and Jonah is told to cry against Nineveh. Instead, he flees on a ship going to Tarshish. This angers the Lord and he sends a great storm to catch up to the ship. As Jonah sleeps, the mariners cast lots to ascertain who is responsible for this great storm; they find out that it is Jonah. Jonah suggests that they throw him overboard. The mariners are reluctant to resort to this extreme measure, but do so when the storm does not quiet down. As the mariners throw Jonah overboard, they pray that they may not perish because of Jonah.

 

After Jonah is thrown overboard, the sea is calmed. “Now the Lord had prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.” (Jonah 1:17)

 Whale Of A Time

Chapter 2: The Whale “vomits” out Jonah

Jonah prays within the belly of the fish. “…I cried by reason of mine affliction unto the Lord, and he heard me; out of the belly of hell cried I, and thou heardest my voice.” (Jonah 2:2) Jonah describes the waters compassing him about with weeds wrapped around his head. The Lord has brought up Jonah’s life from corruption, and Jonah responds with thanksgiving, looking towards God’s holy temple. The fish vomits out Jonah onto dry land. “And the Lord spake to the fish, and it vomited out Jonah upon the dry land.” (Jonah 2:10)