Luke 3

Luke 3: Baptism of Jesus

                In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, the word of the Lord came unto John in the wilderness. John departed from the wilderness and went to Jordan, where he preached “…baptism of repentance for the remission of sins;” (Luke 3:3) John cried out to the people and said; “…Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight…” (Luke 3:4) There came one man who wished to be baptized, yet John must have found him not worthy or lacking in repentance, because he tells the man; “…O generations of vipers…. Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of repentance…” (Luke 3:8) John explains that everyone who does not bring forth the fruit of repentance will be like a bad tree, which will be cut down and tossed aside.

What are fruits worthy of Repentance?

In order to be baptized, one must first find Faith in Jesus Christ, Second Repent of those things not in alignment with the Gospel of Jesus Christ, meaning that you must follow ALL of God’s commandments. It is not just enough to believe in Jesus Christ, for if one truly believes in Him, and accepts Jesus as their personal Savior, then that same person will want to make their life like His, and follow in His footsteps. Third, that person can receive a baptism, for the remission of those sins. But that baptism needs to be done with the proper authority. Why do you think people came to John? It is because John had the Authority given to him. Finally after baptism you can receive the Holy Ghost, by the laying on of hands, again by someone who has the Authority to do so.

Many people who have gathered to be baptized of John ask him, how they can be baptized for a remission of their own sins. John explains that they need to give freely of themselves and their time, talents and wealth.

“…He that hath two coats, let him impart to him that hath none….” (Luke 3:11)

                “…Do violence to no man, neither accuse any falsely; and be content with your wages.” (Luke 3:14)

The people were astonished by John’s words, but he reassured them that he was only a man; “…I indeed baptize you with water; but one mightier than I cometh, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire.” (Luke 3:16)

                John then rebukes Herod for marrying Herodias, who was Phillips wife and for all the evils which Herod had done, including putting John into jail.

Jesus then comes to be baptized of John; “…the heaven was opened, And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son, in thee I am well pleased.” (Luke 3:21-22) Jesus was about 30 years old when He was baptized.  Jesus was baptized at a later age to help us understand that baptism should be done at an age of accountability. In the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, that age of accountability has been decided through revelation of being eight years old. Baptizing before that age is a mockery before God.

The Genealogy of Jesus Christ is given, however it differs from the genealogy given by Matthew, giving his actual lineage through Mary, instead of his legal lineage through Joseph.

Lineage of Jesus Christ:

  • Joseph was the son of Heli
    • Heli was the son of Matthat
      • Matthat was the son of Levi
        • Levi was the son of Melchi
          • Melchi was the son of Janna
            • Janna was the son of Joseph
  • Joseph was the son of Mattathias
    • Mattathias was the son of Amos
      • Amos was the son of Naum
        • Naum was the son of Esli
          • Esli was the son of Nagge
            • Nagge was the son of Maath
  • Maath was the son of Mattathias
    • Mattathias was the son of Semei
      • Semei was the son of Joseph
        • Joseph was the son of Juda
          • Juda was the son of Joanna
            • Joanna was the son of Rhesa
  • Rhesa was the son of Zorobabel
    • Zorobabel was the son of Salathiel
      • Salathiel was the son of Neri
  • Neri was the son of Melchi
    • Melchi was the son of Addi
      • Addi was the son of Cosam
      • Cosam was the son of Elmodam
        • Elmodam was the son of Er
          • Er was the son of Jose
            • Jose was the son of Eliezer
              • Eliezer was the son of Jorim
                • Jorim was the son of Matthat
                • Matthat was the son of Levi
                  • Levi was the son of Simeon
                    • Simeon was the son of Juda
                      • Judas was the son of Joseph
                        • Joseph was the son of Jonan
                          • Jonan was the son of Eliamkim
  • Eliamkin was the son of Melea
    • Melea was the son of Menan
      • Menan was the son of Mattatha
        • Mattatha was the son of Nathan
          • Nathan was the son of David
            • David was the son of Jesse
  • Jesse was the son of Obed
    • Obed was the son of Booz
      • Booz was the son of Salmon
        • Salmon was the son of Naasson
          • Naasson was the son of Aminadab
            • Aminadab was the son of Aram
  • Aram was the son of Esrom
    • Esrom was the son of Phares
      • Phares was the son of Juda
        • Juda was the son of Jacob
          • Jacob was the son of Isaac
            • Isaac was the son of Abraham
  • Abraham was the son of Thara
    • Thara was the son of Nachor
      • Nachor was the son of Saruch
        • Saruch was the son of Ragau
          • Ragau was the son of Phalec
            • Phalec was the son of Heber
  • Heber was the son of Sala
    • Sala was the son of Cainan
      • Cainan was the son of Arphaxad
        • Arphaxad was the son of Sem
          • Sem was the son of Noe
            • Noe was the son of Lamech
  • Lamech was the son of Mathusala
    • Mathusala was the son of Enoch
      • Enoch was the son of Jared
        • Jared was the son of Maleleel
          • Maleleel was the son of Cainan
            • Cainan was the son of Enos
  • Enos was the sons of Seth
    • Seth was the son of Adam
      • Adam was the son of God.

2 Kings 5-6

2 Kings 5-6

Chapter 5: Naaman Washes in the Jordan River

                Naaman was the commander of the army of the king of Syria and was a great and honorable man in the eyes of his master. Through the Lord he had given him victory to Syria. He was a mighty man of courage, but he was also a leper.

                Naaman is sent to see the king of Israel to be cured of his disease and the king of Israel says; “…Am I god, to kill and to make alive, that this man doth send unto me to recover a man of leprosy?” (2 Kings 5:7). So Elisha hears about how the king reacted and tells Naaman to go to wash in the river Jordan seven times and then Naaman shall be clean. However, Naaman was outraged, of bathing in the Jordan River (because of its filthiness) and huffed off in a rage. But his servants told him that if a prophet of God had told him something, he better do it. So Naaman did as Elisha had told him and he became clean again.

                Naaman goes to Elisha to thank him and tells him that he knows now that Elisha is a prophet of God. Naaman offers him a “blessing” or essentially cash for his help. Elisha responds; “…I will receive none….” (2 Kings 2:16) and he refused to take the money. One thing that we can learn here is that the things of God cannot be purchased. The LDS Church (or as more commonly known to the world as “Mormons”) do not have a paid clergy. Everyone that works in the local church are all volunteers. The tithing in the church is used to pay for buildings, supplies etc… but not to pay someone’s salary. This is important. We can also learn that people are not use the power to heal to make money.

                A servant to Elisha, Gehazi however believed that Elisha deserved something. So Gehazi catches up to Naaman as he is leaving and Naaman turns around and stops his chariot and asks him if everything is well and right there Gehazi basically asks Naaman for money and Naaman gives him 2 talents of silver and a change of clothes. Well when Gehazi comes back, he hides the money from Elisha (because he knew it was wrong) and later is asked by Elisha where he went. Gehazi responds that he hadn’t been anywhere. So Elisha asks him if his heart was with him, and if it was time to receive all of those worldly things, because with them will come the wrath and curse of God. Elisha tells him that he shall receive the leprosy that Naaman had, and Gehazi left Elisha’s presence as white as snow… having contracted Leprosy.

                We can learn a lot from this story… greed will get us nowhere. Is it wrong to have money? No. Naaman had a lot of it… he was super rich, famous, and powerful. But he wasn’t cursed, he was cured. But it is when we gain our money through unlawful or un-ethical ways that we are bad. God does not like greed and we will be punished if we live a life of greed.  

Chapter 6: Floating Axe

                The sons of the prophets tell Elisha that the place where they currently reside is getting a little cramped and that they want to build a new place. So they ask Elisha if it is ok to build a new place. He agrees and they go down near the river to chop down some trees. As they were cutting trees, one man lost the iron axe head from his axe and it fell into the river. So the man freaks out a little, because the axe wasn’t even his, he had borrowed it from someone else. So Elisha asks him where it feel and he cut off a stick and threw it into the water near where it had fallen, and by a miracle Elisha causes the axe head of IRON (so very heavy and dense) to float to the top of the water. How he got something so heavy and dense to float is a mystery! The man then reached out and grabbed the axe from the water.

                During this same time the King of Syria was making war with Israel and he consulted with his servants, and Elisha helped the king of Israel. The King of Syria was upset that Israel seemed to know there plans a head of time and was convinced that there was a traitor among him. Until his servants pointed out that Elisha a prophet of God was helping them.

                The Syrians however had Elisha and his servant, among other people surrounded in a city. Elisha’s servant was naturally afraid and feared death. But Elisha tells those around him; “… Feat not: for they that be with us are more than they be with them.” (2 Kings 6:16). Elisha prayed to God that they eyes of his servant would be opened to see a mountain full of horses, and chariots of fire (obviously spiritual help), Elisha then asked for the Syrians to be made blind and it was so.

                When they arrive at the city blind (my guess is not physically blind, but blind in the way that they are not seeing things as they are), because Elisha tells them that they need to go to Samaria to find the man they are looking for, they don’t even recognize Elisha!

                So they Syrians travel to Samaria and besiege the city. In these times a siege would take place by the Syrian army blocking out all business and trade from the city until the people were starved to death or starved into compliance with their new leader. This was an easy way for an army to take over an entire city, by controlling the commerce, money etc. The siege was successful, because within a short time a donkey’s head or a Dove’s droppings were worth so much that only the wealthy could afford them. That is how desperate people were for food! Some dove droppings towards the end of the siege cost an average worker more than one month salary. Imagine today someone paying $1,000 – $2,000 for some Dove droppings to eat!?!?

                The chapter however gets worse…  The king of Israel was passing by the city wall one day, when he heard a woman’s cry for help. So the king asked her what was wrong, and the woman told him; “…This woman said unto me, Give thy son, that we may eat him today, and we will eat my son tomorrow. So we boiled my son, and did eat him: and I said unto her on the next day, Give thy son, that we may eat him: and she hath hid her son.” (2 Kings 6:28-29). This shows us how horrible the famine was, that mothers were willing to eat their own children to fight away the pangs of hunger!

                The king was super upset over what had happened and wanted to get revenge on Elisha and God. What can we learn from this? Well if we remember back to our reading, we learn that in Deuteronomy 28, God warned Israel about what would happen if they disobeyed God.

                “And he shall besiege thee in all thy gates, until thy high and fenced walls come down, wherein thou trustedst, throughout all thy land: and he shall besiege thee in all thy gates throughout all thy land, which the Lord thy God hath given thee. And thou shall eat the fruit of thine own body, the flesh of they sons and of they daughters, which the Lord thy God hath given them in the siege, and in the straitness, wherewith thin enemies shall distress thee:” (Deuteronomy 28:52-53). So God had warned them about this! But they did not listen and now they have to live with the consequences of their own actions.

Joshua 3-4

Joshua 3-4

Chapter 3: Dry Ground=River Jordan

Joshua leads the tribes of Israel to Jordan, when the feet of the priests (1 out of every 12 tribes) stepped foot into the waters of Jordan, it became dry and the Israelites were able to pass through the River Jordan on dry ground.

Chapter 4: Twelve Stones

After the last Israelite passed through the River Jordan on dry ground, the twelve men (1 from each tribe of Israel) who stepped foot into the water, in the last chapter. Is commanded to place a rock where they stood near their camp. These are the 12 stones that commemorate the crossing of Jordan.

As the Israelites crossed the river, they saw the presence of God with Joshua as he was magnified as a prophet before them. The fear and understand of the Lord, was once again seen as it was with Moses, through Joshua. Over 40,000 armed Israelites crossed the river, and as the last one crossed the river returned to its normal flow.

Joshua then tells the congregation, all of Israel to remember this day. Joshua continues, by saying that they all must remember this day and remember the 12 stones that when their children and future generations ask about the stones they can tell them that they were carried through the river         Jordan on dry ground just like Moses with the power of God brought them out of bondage from the Pharaoh in Egypt as they crossed the Red Sea on dry ground. This is to be a reminder of the Lord, and his power… that we might respect, follow and fear him, as the Lord God Almighty.