Summary of Lamentations

Summary of Lamentations

Chapter by Chapter:

Lamentations 1-2: Jerusalem is Miserable/Desolation in Jerusalem

Lamentations 3-5: Prayer of Jeremiah/The Estate of Zion/Sorrowful Zion

The Book of Lamentations in the King James Version along with many other versions of the Bible actually describes the book as the Lamentations of Jeremiah. However, it is not a 100% fact that Jeremiah even wrote the book. I assume that is was in fact Jeremiah and throughout my study of Lamentations I refer to Jeremiah as having written the book of Lamentations. However, it is of no importance as to who wrote the book.

The book consists of five separate poems:

  • Chapter one the prophet dwells on the manifold miseries oppressed by which the city sits as a solitary widow, weeping sorely.
  • Chapter 2 these miseries are described in connection with national sins and acts of God.
  • Chapter 3 speaks of hope for the people of God. The chastisement would only be for their good; a better day would come out of the chastisement.
  • Chapter 4 laments the ruin and desolation that had come upon the city and temple, and blames only the people’s sins.
  • Chapter 5 is a prayer that Zion’s reproach may be taken away in the repentance and recovery of the people.

Lamentations 1-2

Lamentations 1-2

Chapter 1: Jerusalem is Miserable

“How doth the city sit solitary, that was full of people! How is she become as a widow! She that was great among the nations…” (Lamentations 1:1) Jerusalem has become desolate; beauty has departed from the daughter of Zion. Jerusalem and its inhabitants have sinned and become filthy. Jeremiah laments the state of Jerusalem.

Chapter 2: Desolation in Jerusalem

The daughter of Zion is covered with the cloud of the Lord’s anger. The Lord has been pitiless. He has burned against Judah like a flaming fire. The Lord is now an enemy. He has taken away his tabernacle or in other words his presence has departed. Feasts and Sabbaths are forgotten in Zion. The elders are girded with sackcloth casting dust on their heads. Enemies hiss and gnash their teeth. Young and the old lie in the streets, dead.