Summary of Micah

Summary of Micah

Chapter by Chapter:

Micah 1-2: Micah prophesies of the downfall of Samaria and Jerusalem/The destruction of Israel

Micah 3-4: Pastors for Money/The Millennium

Micah 5-7: Messiah shall be born/They are not serving the Lord The Lord will have mercy on Israel

 

The prophet Micah wrote this book around 742-686 B.C. Key personalities are all the people of Samaria and Jerusalem.

 

The purpose of the book of Micah was to proclaim warning and judgment to both the Northern and the Southern Kingdoms. His message was similar to that of Isaiah and was written at about the same time. Micah described the impending judgment that would eventually exile the nation.

 

•    In Chapters 1-5: Explain the judgment for the wicked nations, “…I will make Samaria an heap of the field, and as plantings of a vineyard: and I will pour down the stones thereof into the valley, and I will discover the foundations thereof”(Micah 1:6). Later in chapter five Micah foretells of the birthplace of the Messiah in Bethlehem. Micah also explains about the divine and eternal purposes of the Savior “…whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.” (Micah 5:2)

 

•    In chapters 6-7: Micah declares what God requires of men, “He hath shewed thee, O man, what is good; and what doth the Lord require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly…” (Micah 6:8). Micah then explains to the reader God’s restoration and salvation to His people, “Who is a God like unto thee, that pardoneth iniquity and passeth by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage? He retaineth not his anger for ever, because he delighteth in mercy.” (Micah 7:18)

Micah 5-7

Micah 5-7

Scripture Thought (What I Learned):

In the last three chapters of Micah we learn that the Jesus Christ will be born in Bethlehem, but we also learn that those who turn away from the Lord and put their trust in; guides, friends and family alone will fall!

We can trust our friends and family, but we should never go against God. If we always keep on His path, we will have no reason to fear our enemies.

“Rejoice no against me, O mine enemy: when I fall, I shall arise; when I sit in darkness, the Lord shall be a light unto me.” (Micah 7:8)

Chapter 5: Messiah shall be born

The Messiah (Jesus Christ) shall be born in Bethlehem. He shall stand and feed his flock in the strength of the Lord. He will deliver Jacob from Assyria. The remnant is large and will be victorious over its enemies. The Lord will cut off sorceries, soothsayers and idols.

Chapter 6: They are not serving the Lord

“Hear ye, O mountains, the Lord’s controversy [complaint]…” (Micah 6:2). The Lord reminds the people of his favor towards them, and complains of their ingratitude. The people are imagined replying, and complaining of the Lord’s demanding nature: “Will the Lord be pleased with a thousand rams, or with ten thousand rivers of oil? …” (Micah 6:7) However, Micah explains that the Lord has revealed to them what He wants: justice, mercy and humility.

 

Chapter 7: The Lord will have mercy on Israel

The Lord compares himself to a gatherer of fruit who can find no ripe cluster of grapes. All of them have been corrupted. Family and other social relationships will crumble.

 

“Trust ye not in a friend, put ye not confidence in a guide…” (Micah 7:5) However, enemies should not rejoice in the supposed weakness of man; “…when I fall, I shall arise; when I sit in darkness, the Lord shall be a light unto me.” (Micah 7:8) The Lord will shepherd His people with His staff. Other nations shall be brought low, and lick the dust like a serpent. God is like no one else, he will forgive his people and help them back on their feet.

 

Micah 3-4

Micah 3-4

Chapter 3: Pastors for Money

The heads of Jacob commit some pretty horrible acts of violence against their own people. (see 1-3)

Because of this Jacob’s people turn to the Lord “Then shall they cry unto the Lord, but he will not hear them…” (Micah 3:4) A darkness will descend on the prophets, and the prophets will be confused because there is “…no answer of God.” (Micah 3:7) This is the Apostasy, a time when men were so wicked that the Lord had to withdraw his power and authority from the earth (for a time). Meaning that there wouldn’t be a prophet and those who pretend to be a prophet would suffer great consequences.

 

“… the priests thereof teach for hire, and the prophets thereof divine for money: yet will they lean upon the Lord, and say, Is not the Lord among us? None evil can come upon us.” ( Micah 3:11) Today, and throughout History there has always been false prophets and priests trying to make a quick buck. They do it for money, sadly a large number of churches today follow this format, that God was so angered by in the first place. We further learn in this chapter that Zion shall be plowed like a field, Jerusalem shall become heaps of ruins, and the mountain of the temple like the bare hills of the forest.

Chapter 4: The Millennium

This is an almost word for word vision of what Isaiah sees as a vision of the latter days in Isaiah 2:2…

“But in the last days it shall come to pass, that the mountain of the Lord shall be established in the top of the mountains, and it shall be exalted above the hills; and people shall flow unto it.” (Micah 4:1)

“And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the Lord’s house shall be established in the tops of mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it. And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem. And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.” (Isaiah 2:2-4)

Essentially Isaiah sees a vision of the last days, where God’s church would be restored and the Temples would be built and shortly following that the Second Coming of Jesus would happen, where there would be 1,000 years of peace in the World.

The most interesting part of this, to me, is the following: “And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the Lord’s house shall be established in the tops of mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it…” (Isaiah 2:2) The reason this is so fascinating to me, is because the “tops of mountains” is a translation of a meaning of the word “Ute” which was the Indian Tribe of Utah, where the state was named and one of the most famous Temples in the world… the Salt Lake Temple has visitors from ALL around the world flock there on a daily basis. Isaiah was speaking of the Latter-day Temples of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

In the last days, the proud and the wicked will be brought low and the judgment will occur for everyone during the Second Coming of Jesus Christ. Nations will no longer know war, and the world will enter into a peace for 1,000 years, while Jesus Christ reigns as king over Zion!

Micah 1-2

Micah 1-2

Chapter 1: Micah prophesies of the downfall of Samaria and Jerusalem

The word of the Lord comes to Micah during the reigns of Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah of Judah. The Lord tells Micah that He will tread down the high places, the mountains will melt under Him, and the valleys will split like wax before the fire! Samaria will be left desolate in judgment, because of its idolatry. Because of this great destruction, this will cause Micah to wail and howls like an animal. The surrounding nations will know of Israel’s shame.

 

Chapter 2: The destruction of Israel

“Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil… they covet fields, and take them by violence…” (Micah 2:1-2) The Lord will take away the heritage of people who work iniquity. God’s people reject the word of His prophets. False prophets will rise and will prophesy days of wine and drink. Israel will be restored!