Chapter 1-3 + Summary of Zephaniah

Chapter 1-3 + Summary of Zephaniah

Summary of Zephaniah:

The book of Zephaniah is Narrative History and Prophetic source of wisdom. Zephaniah wrote it shortly before the fall of Judah in the Southern Kingdom. The purpose of this book was to show the complacent Southern Kingdoms that they were wicked, God used a prophet (Zephaniah) to be His mouth piece and raise a flag of warning for them to change their ways.

Zephaniah speaks of the Second Coming of Jesus Christ, and the Restoration of the Gospel. It is interesting that we read in Ephesians 4:11-15; “And he [the Lord] game come, apostles; and come, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ [His church]; Till we all come in the nity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ: That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive; But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, even Christ:” (Ephesians 4:11-15)

Zephaniah and Paul both spoke of a time when people would be “unified with one language”, religions around the world would cease to exist, because the Lord would be here and those who wanted to follow the Lord will follow HIS Church and not the church of man, where they might be deceived.

Chapter 1: The Second Coming

The word of the Lord came unto Zephaniah, who was the great great grandson of Hezekiah. He prophesied in the days of Josiah.

Zephaniah explains that the Lord will utterly consume everything from the face of the land and promised judgment to idolaters in the last days. Zephaniah also says that right before the Second Coming of Jesus Christ that “…they shall also build houses, but not inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, but not drink the wine thereof.” (Zephaniah 1:13) When I read this, only one thing came to mind; the housing market bubble. Think about it, how many homes in the U.S.A are left vacant, while we continue to build new subdivisions? Farms, homes they are all desolate in today’s economy. The day of the Lord will be characterized by darkness, gloominess, cloud, trumpet and alarm.

Chapter 2: Seek Righteousness

The Lord calls for the people to gather themselves, seek righteousness and humility while there is still time. Essentially we shouldn’t procrastinate until the end, because then it will be too late. God promises to destroy the cities of the Philistines and give their land as pasture for the remnant of the house of Judah. Moab is described to be like Sodom, and Ammon is described as a likeness of the people of Gomorrah. The Lord will reduce all the gods of the earth to nothing; people from all shores shall worship Him. Ethiopians will be slain by the sword, and the Assyrians will be destroyed because of their great wickedness and pride.

Chapter 3: Nations shall gather to battle

At the Second Coming, all nations shall assemble to battle. Jerusalem is described as being rebellious and polluted. After having poured his indignation onto the nations, the Lord will give the world a common language “…with one consent.” (Zephaniah 3:9), this is when people will understand that His gospel has been restored and religions will no longer exist.

Ezekiel 25-26

Ezekiel 25-26

Chapter 25: The Lord’s Vengeance

God’s judgment falls upon the Ammonites, Moabites, Edomites and Philistines. Because they showed hatred for His people, and insulted them in their distress. God will execute great vengeance upon them with furious disapproval. With this fury and vengeance they shall know that HE is The Lord.

Chapter 26: Tyrus shall be destroyed

Tyre has gloated at Jerusalem. Because of this Tyre’s walls and towers will be destroyed, and the city and its inhabitants will be laid waste at the hands of Nebuchadnezzar. The princes will be clothed with trembling. Desolation and Destruction is foretold.

Jeremiah 47-48

Jeremiah 47-48

Chapter 47: The destruction of the Phillistines

Jeremiah foretells of destruction from the north (Babylon, which is predicted for the Philistines. The Babylonians are compared to an overflowing flood.

Chapter 48: The destruction of Moab

Judgment and destruction will come upon Moab, until it is destroyed. Moab is punished for its complacency and pride.

Isaiah 15-16

Isaiah 15-16

Chapter 15: Moab shall be Laid Waste

The burden against Moab. The cities and soldiers of Moab fall under a night attack. Refugees will flee from Moab. Refugees and the remnant of Moab will be attacked by lions.

Chapter 16: Messiah Shall Sit on David’s Throne

Moab shall send the lamb as tribute to Jerusalem. Judah is to be a place of refuge and protection for the Moabites. Moab is then counseled to be a refuge for Israel. Moab shall wail at the judgment of God against it. Judgment will come in three years.

Numbers 25-26

Numbers 25-26

Chapter 25: Worshiping False Gods

While Israel was camped in a place called Shittim, a group of Israelites (about 24,000 of them), begin committing whoredoms with the daughters of Moab. They also started to worship false gods and bowed down to them. The Lord gets very angry with this and commands Moses to slay all of the people who worshiped these false gods in Baal-peor (the idol at peor, a mountain in Moab).

God is very specific when he speaks to Moses, he tells him to slay all the people and hang their heads facing the sun. This would kindle the fire of anger that was building from all the sinning.

Meanwhile the congregation of Israel is gathered at the opening of the Tabernacle, when a man brings a Midianitish woman (in plain view of everyone) to his tent. The congregation is “weeping” at the Tabernacle over the sins of the people, and here comes a man sinning in front of them. So, Phinehas (the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest) runs into the tent and drives a spear through both of them, including an unborn child so that the plague will not continue in Israel.

The Lord is pleased by what Phinehas had done and makes a covenant with him, that his priesthood should be an everlasting one throughout all the generations of his children.

The Lord then commands Israel to treat Moab as an enemy, because by deceiving and seducing the Israelites they too had treated them as enemies.

Chapter 26: The People in Moab

After the plague is over, Moses and Eleazar are commanded to take all the men (20 years and older) and are able to go to war and number them.

  • Reuben: 43,730
  • Simeon: 22,200
  • Gad: 40,500
  • Judah: 76,500
  • Issachar: 64,300
  • Zebulun: 60,500
  • Joseph:
    • Manasseh: 52,700
    • Ephraim: 32,500
    • Benjamin: 45,600
    • Dan: 64,400
    • Asher: 53,400
    • Naphtali: 45,400

This is a total of 610,730, which is very similar number to that of the first census done in Numbers 1: 4-51.

The Levites are not included in this census, they are numbered separately at 23,000 Levites. The reason for this, is that the Levites do not receive the same inheritance.

The Lord then speaks to Moses and explains a little about the inheritance the Israelites will receive:

“Unto these the land shall be divided for an inheritance according to the number of names. To many thou shalt give the more inheritance, and to few thou shalt give the less inheritance: to every one shall his inheritance be given according to those that were numbered of him. Notwithstanding the land shall be divided by lot: according to the names of the tribes of their fathers they shall inherit. According to the lot shall the possession thereof be divided between many and few.” (Numbers 26:53-56)