Summary of Psalms

Summary of Psalms

Chapter by Chapter:

Psalms 1-2: The Godly-Ungodly/The Heathen and The Anointed

Psalms 3-4: Salvation is of God/Put Your Trust in God

Psalms 5-6: The Lord Hates “Workers of Iniquity”/David Cries Mercy to God

Psalms 7-8: God is Angry with the Wicked/What is Man? Nothing!

Psalms 9-10: The Righteous in Zion; The Wicked in Hell/The Lord is King Forever and Ever

Psalms 11-14: The Lord Tests the Righteous/Flattering Lips and Tongues/Rejoice in Salvation/The Fool Says: There is NO God!

Psalms 15-16: The Righteous Shall Dwell with God/Fullness of Joy is found with God

Psalms 17-18: The Righteous Shall See God/The Lord is Perfect

Psalms 19-20: God’s Knowledge is Forever/The Lord Saves the Anointed

Psalms 21-22: Evil Designs Shall Fail/The Future Events of Christ

Psalms 23-24: The Lord is my Shepherd/Repent! And Enter into the Kingdom of God

Psalms 25-26: Truth for the Righteousness/Love the Lord’s work

Psalms 27-28: Be of Good Courage/Save the People

Psalms 29-30: Worship the Lord/Thanks unto the Lord

Psalms 31-32: All Ye Saints, Love the Lord/The Lord will Guide Thee

Psalms 33-34: Rejoice in the Lord/Watch What You Say

Psalms 35-36: The Lord will Judge Thee/The Fountain of Life

Psalms 37-38: The Meak Shall Inherit the Earth/Sins are Like a Disease

Psalms 39-40: Control thy Tongue/Thy Lord be magnified

Psalms 41-42: Treachery of Judas Foretold/The Righteous Thirst for God; The wicked say… “Where is thy God?”

Psalms 43-44: Light and Truth/Sheep for the Slaughter

Psalms 45-46: The Messiah Fairer than the Children of Men/“Know that I am God”

Psalms 47-48: Sing with Intelligence/God Never Changes

Psalms 49-50: The Glory of the Rich Man will eventually die/Asaph Speaks of the Second Coming!

Psalms 51-52: David Pleads for Forgiveness/Wicked Tongues

Psalms 53-54: The Fools Say there is NO GOD!/David Pleads to God

Psalms 55-56: David Seeks Protection/The Book of Remembrance

Psalms 57-58; David Pleads for Mercy/The Wicked Speak Lies

Psalms 59-60: Delivered from Enemies/Ephraim… The Head of His People

Psalms 61-62: Shelter in the Lord/God= Rock and Salvation

Psalms 63-64: David “Thirsts” for God/David Prays for Safety

Psalms 65-66: Blessedness of God’s Chosen/God Tests Man

Psalms 67-68: God Judges in Righteousness/JAH

Psalms 69-70: David is Persecuted/Let God be Magnified

Psalms 71-72: Praises of Thanksgiving/Solomon a Type of Christ

Psalms 73-74: God is Good/The Foolish Shall Say: No Prophets

Psalms 75-76: Thank God/God Shall Save the Earth

Psalms 77-78: The Righteous Remember Wonders of God/Israel = Teach the Lords Law

Psalms 79-80: The Heathen Destroy Jerusalem/The Shepherd of Israel

Psalms 81-82: Walk in the Ways of the Lord/Ye are Gods of the Most High

Psalms 83-84: Jehovah Most High over the Earth/Cry unto God

Psalms 85-86: Truth Shall Spring out of the Earth (The Book of Mormon)/Saved from the lowest Hell

Psalms 87-88: The Lord Loves the Gates of Zion/Loving Kindness of the Lord

Psalms 89-90: Christ’s Throne shall be established/Man’s days, compared to God’s

Psalms 91-92: The Lord will deliver/A Song for the Sabbath Day

Psalms 93-94: The Lord is Everlasting/The Lord Shall Judge the Earth

Psalms 95-96: Praise the Lord/The Lord shall Judge His People

Psalms 97-98: The Millennium/Sing unto the Lord

Psalms 99-100: The Lord: Great in Zion/The Psalm of Thanksgiving

Psalms 101-102: Cutting of the “Evildoers”/Zion shall be built when Christ comes

Psalms 103-104: The Lord Shows Mercy/Honor and Majesty of the Lord

Psalms 105-106: The Covenant of Abraham/Moses helped Israel

Psalms 107-108: Oh that man would praise the Lord!/David Praises God

Psalms 109-110: Cursing’s of the wicked/Melchizedek

Psalms 111-112: Fear of the Lord is the beginning of Wisdom/Blessed are them who fear the Lord

Psalms 113-114: Who is like unto the Lord?/The Lord Governs the Sea and the Land

Psalms 115-116: Idols are False Gods/Precious in the eyes of the Lord, the Death of the Saints

Psalms 117-118: The Truth Endureth forever/The Head Stone

Psalms 119:  The Laws of God

Psalms 120-121: I am for Peace, but they want War/The Lord will persevere from evil.

Psalms 122-123: Give Thanks unto Him/Plead for mercy.

Psalms 124-125:  Israel’s Help is the Lord/Trust in the Lord

Psalms 126-127: The Lord is great/Children of God

Psalms 128-129: Walk in the ways of the Lord/Those who are confounded

Psalms 130-131: O, Lord… hear us/Be Like Little Children

Psalms 132-133: The Fruit of David’s Loins/Unity

Psalms 134-135: Bless the Lord & He will do the same/God is Like Man

Psalms 136-137: God of gods, Lord of lords/The Jews Weep

Psalms 138-139: David Praises the Lord/God knows our thoughts and desires

Psalms 140-141: Pray for Deliverance from Enemies/David Pleads with the Lord

Psalms 142-143: David Prays for Help/David prays for Fair Judgment

Psalms 144-145: Happy are those in the Lord/Praise the Lord for His power

Psalms 146-147: Happy are those in the Lord/Praise the Lord for His power

Psalms 148-150: Let All Things Praise God/Praise the Lord

 

What is a PSALM?

A psalm is a religious poem or song set to music. Some of the psalms in the Book of Psalms are hymns to be sung by a congregation.  Some are private prayers, and some are lyrical devices for recalling historical events in Israel’s history. In its current form, the Book of Psalms contains one hundred and fifty individual psalms, although this number may vary in different biblical translations.

The book of Psalms was written by multiple authors; David wrote 73, Asaph wrote 12, the sons of Korah wrote 9, Solomon wrote 3, Ethan, and Moses each wrote one (Psalms 90), and 51 of the Psalms are anonymous.

Traditionally, the psalms were separated into five books, and many poems are further distinguished by brief titles attributing the given work to a specific author, though these titles were probably added at a later date by an editor or group of editors of the psalms. Because the subject matter of the psalms ranges from the events of King David’s dynasty to the exile of the Israelites in Babylon, the poems may have been composed anywhere from the tenth century B.C. to the sixth century B.C. or later. Which is approximately 900 years (Beginning at the time of Moses 1440 B.C. and through the captivity in 586 B.C.).

Many of the psalms rehearse episodes of Israel’s history, especially the story of Israel’s exodus from Egypt and its arrival in the Promised Land. The Psalms include praises of joy, laments, blessings, and thanksgivings. They are directed at God and they help us to express and communicate ourselves to Him. We read about the Psalmist’s emotions from one extreme to another, from praising, delighting in and worshiping God with fervor, to repentance and crying out to Him in despair.

Psalms 119

Psalms 119

Chapter 119: The Laws of God

Psalms 119 is the largest Psalm in all of the Psalms, the author is unnamed; most historians however, almost universally say it is a Psalm of David, composed throughout his entire life. The Psalm does not flow perfectly from one Psalm to another, which means that if it were written by David, it was written over his life and then compiled later.

The Psalm is arranged in an acrostic pattern. There are 22 letters in the Hebrew alphabet, and this Psalm contains 22 units of 8 verses each. Each of the 22 sections is given to a letter of the Hebrew alphabet, and each line in that section begins with that letter. The closest parallel to this pattern in Scripture is found in Lamentations 3, which is also divided into 22 sections.

Because this is a Psalm glorifying God and His Word, it refers to Scripture over and over again. The psalm is remarkable for how often it refers to God’s written revelation.

In this Psalm there are 8 basic words used to describe the Scriptures, God’s written revelation to us:

  • Law (torah, used 25 times):  Its parent verb means ‘teach’ or ‘direct’; therefore coming from God it means both ‘law’ and ‘revelation.’
  • Word (dabar, used 24 times): The idea is of the spoken word, God’s revealed word to man.
  • Judgments (mispatim, used 23 times)
  • Testimonies (edut/edot, used 23 times): This word is related to the word for witness.
  • Commandments (miswah/miswot, used 22 times)
  • Statutes (huqqim, used 21 times): The noun is derived from the root verb “engrave” or “inscribe”; the idea is of the written word of God and the authority of His written word.
  • Precepts (piqqudim, used 21 times): (principle: a rule, instruction, or principle that guides somebody’s actions, especially one that guides moral behavior)
  • Word (imrah, used 19 times): Similar in meaning to dabar, yet a different term. More of a promise from the Lord.

Being such a long Psalm – and the longest chapter in the Bible – this Psalm has been of some historical note. There have been many lengthy works written on this Psalm. I hope that I can give a simple, yet in depth understanding of this Psalm.

א Aleph (1-8)

In beginning to describe man’s blessedness, the Psalmist starts with the idea that being undefiled in the way is a blessing. “Blessed are they… that seek him with the whole heart.” (Psalms 119:2)

ב Beth (9-16)

                Ponder the precepts and ways of the Lord. The author tells us; “I will… have respect unto thy ways… I will not forget thy word” (Psalms 119:15-16)

                This reminds me of the scripture in Isaiah 55:8; “For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways me ways, saith the Lord” We need to remember that even when we don’t understand a commandment, we must obey them anyways. We cannot pick and chose what commandments we will follow. We must follow them all and have respect for them.

ג Gimel (17-24)

                The author asks the Lord to help “Open… [our]…eyes, that [we] may behold wondrous things out of thy law.” (Psalms 119:18) Many people in the world keep their eyes shut out of fear or ignorance. We must open them and see the truth.

ד Daleth (25-32)

                “…teach me thy statutes. Make me to understand the way of thy precepts: so I shall talk of thy wondrous works” (Psalms 119:26-27)

This reminds me of the LDS Hymn: I am a child of God.

“Lead me, guide me, walk beside me, Help me find the way. Teach me all that I must do. To live with him someday.” (LDS Hymns, 301)

ה He (33-40)

                “Teach me, O Lord, the way of thy statutes; and I shall keep it unto the end” (Psalms 119:33)

We need to learn, understand and practice the commandments which the Lord has given to us. If we do this we can be blessed.

ו Vau (41-48)

                The Lord gives us mercy, truth and salvation. The author says; “I will speak of ty testimonies also before kings, and will not be ashamed.” (Psalms 119:46) We need to be able to give testimony, even before people that might not favor our testimony. Be not afraid to testify.

 

ז Zain (49-56)

“This is my comfort in my afflication: for thy word hath quickened me.” (Psalms 119:50) If we follow the commandments of the Lord, we will find peace and joy.

ח Cheth (57-64)

                “I am a companion of all them that fear thee [the Lord], and of them that keep thy precepts” (Psalms 119:63) we should make friends that love and fear the Lord and keep His commandments. I think it is even more important to have a companion (husband or wife) who also fears the Lord.

ט Teth (65-72)

                “Teach me good judgment and knowledge: for I have believed thy commandments.” (Psalms 119:66) Ask the Lord for his good judgment, and for His knowledge.

י Jod (73-80)

                “Let my heart be sound in thy statues; that I be not ashamed” (Psalms 119:80) We need to pray that the Lord will keep our heart strong, because we may feel out of place in a world that doesn’t hold to the values, statutes or commandments of the Lord.

כ Caph (81-88)

                Those who do not follow the commandments of the Lord will persecute those who do follow the Lord. Pray to the Lord to be lifted up, so that they may not consume you.

ל Lamed (89-96)

                “For ever, O Lord, thy word is settled in heaven. Thy faithfulness is unto all generations: thou hast established the earth, and it abideth. They continue this day according to thine ordinances: for all are thy servants” (Psalms 119:89-91)

The above scripture is often used by many to claim that the Bible is the ULTIMATE Word of God and that it is PERFECT and will ENDURE forever. Other scriptures that some may use to explain how perfect the Bible is would be: Isaiah 55:11 and Mark 13:31.

I do agree with the scriptures in the sense that God’s WORD will not pass away. But I don’t believe that the Bible is 100% of God’s WORD, nor do I believe that it has been translated correctly. In LDS belief the 8th Article of Faith says: “We believe the Bible to be the word of God as far as it is translated correctly…” I don’t believe that the Bible is translated correctly and throughout thousands of years too much has been changed or lost to take every word literally.

מ Mem (97-104)

                “I have more understanding than all my teachers… I understand more than the ancients, because I kept thy precepts” (Psalms 119:99-100) If we put our faith in the Lord, by following His commandments, we can become more knowledgable. Knowledge can be gained in this life, however a full knowledge of life and everything else can never be gained without God.

נ Nun (105-112)

                “Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path” (Psalms 119:105)

If we put the Lord’s words into action, we will find our paths (lives) much more illuminated and full of joy.

ס Samech (113-120)

                “I hate vain thoughts: but thy law do I love” (Psalms 119:113) Hate wickedness and Love God and His commandments.

ע Ain (121-128)

                “I am thy servant; give me understanding, that I may know thy testimonies” (Psalms 119:125)

We are all servants of the Lord and in order to fulfill our purpose as servants (or missionaries) we must pray to have His understanding to know the gospel.

פ Pe (129-136)

                “The entrance of thy words giveth light; it giveth understanding unto the simple.” (Psalms 119:130) God’s Word or His Gospel are so simple to understand that even the most simple/humble person can understand.

While serving a 2 year mission in Honduras for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints I found that the most uneducated, illiterate person could understand the simple truthes of the Gospel more than the most educated and “complex” person.

צ Tzaddi (137-144)

                “The righteousness of thy testimonies is everlasting: give me understanding, and I shall live” (Psalms 119:144) If we have the Lord’s understanding we will live a longer life and in the end live forever with Him in His kingdom. God and His testimony (or Gospel) is forever.

ק Koph (145-152)

                The Lord’s testimonies are founded forever. All of God’s commandments are full of truth.

ר Resh (153-160)

                “Thy word is true from the beginning: and every one of thy righteous judgments endureth forever.” (Psalms 119:160)

God’s word is forever, even if man distorts changes or removes important parts of the Bible. God’s word is also not limited to one single book. This is something important that we must remember. God’s canon of scripture is not closed.

ש Schin (161-168)

                “I hate and abhor lying: but thy law do I love” (Psalms 119:163) the author; who is most likely “David” hated lying and told the Lord that he hated it. The Lord himself also hates lying and it is a reminder for us all to keep from lies and abound in God’s commandments.

ת Tau (169-176)

                All of the Lord’s commandments are in righteousness. We need to delight in His law and have our souls saved through His salvation.