Summary of the Old Testament

Summary of the Old Testament

The Old Testament is a collection of religious writings by the ancient Israelites that from the first section of the Holy Bible used by Christians throughout the world. One of the most popular versions of the Bible and the Old Testament section of the Bible is the “King James Version” which includes 39 books. These books are organized into a few different parts.

  • The Law
  • The History
  • The Poetry
  • The Prophets

The start of the Old Testament deals with the creation of the world, the creation of mans parents Adam and Eve and the flooding of the earth to cleanse from the wicked. The story tells of Abraham and his prophetic covenant between God. From Abraham came Isaac, then Jacob (whose name was changed to Israel), who had twelve sons, giving rise to the twelve “tribes” of Israel. One of Jacob’s sons, Joseph, was sold into slavery in Egypt, leading to Jacob and his family coming to Egypt and later their descendents becoming slaves in Egypt. Moses (about 1250 B.C.) led the Exodus (freeing of Israelites from bondage) from Egypt and the Covenant of God with the Hebrew nation was made.
God gave the people the Ten Commandments for the people of Israel to obey, accepting Him as their God. We learn that there were constant problems with the Jewish people believing in idols and other “gods.” This of course can be contrasted to modern day problems of people turning away from God and worship idols, such as money.

Finally the people reached the Promised Land and settled there after Moses’ death. “Judges” led the people until about 1000 B.C. when Kings were installed, yet these were still thought of as people doing God’s will. King David and King Solomon led a united, strong country — which became divided after Solomon’s death: Later we learn about the Israelites from their conquest of Canaan to their defeat and exile in Babylon. Even further into the Old Testament we learn of great wisdom in the forms of poetry and prophetic words. We learn about the questions of good and evil and the consequences of turning away from God. The Last Days before the Second Coming of Jesus Christ is examined and warned about through the prophets.

Finally we learn that in the end, God will restore his church and name a prophet in the Latter-days and through that prophet we would have the keys of the priesthood restored to the earth in order to seal families together for eternity!

Here is a list of Old Testament Stories:

Creation of the Universe Genesis 1:1-25
Creation of mankind Genesis 1:26-31
Adam formed Genesis 2:7-8
Eve made Genesis 2:20-25
Garden of Eden Genesis 3
Cain and Abel Genesis 4
Noah’s flood Genesis 6 to 8
God’s blessings and covenant with Noah Genesis 9:1-17
Tower of Babel Genesis 11:1-9
Abraham’s call Genesis 12:1-3
God’s covenant with Abraham Genesis 15
Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah Genesis 18:16 to 19:29
Isaac’s birth Genesis 21:1-8
Sacrifice of Isaac (Abraham being tested) Genesis 22:1-19
Marriage of Isaac Genesis 24
Birth of Jacob and Esau Genesis 25:19-26
Esau sells his birthright to Jacob for food Genesis 25:27-34
Jacob and Rebekah’s deception of Isaac and Esau for Isaac’s blessing Genesis 27:1-40
Jacob’s ladder vision Genesis 28:10-22
Jacob’s wrestle with the angel and has his named changed to Israel Genesis 32:24-32
Israel’s (Jacob) trouble in the land Genesis 34, 35 and 37
Three burials: Deborah, Rachel and Isaac Genesis 35
Joseph’s coat, dreams and sold by his brothers for twenty pieces of silver Genesis 37
Israel (Jacob) blesses his twelve sons and then dies Genesis 49
Birth of Moses and found by Pharaoh’s daughter Exodus 2:1-10
Moses kills an Egyptian, goes to Midian and gets a wife Exodus 2:11-25
Burning bush – God speaks to Moses Exodus 3:1 to 4:17
Egypt’s nine plagues Exodus 7:14 to 10:29
Tenth plague against Egypt threatened Exodus 11
The Passover instituted Exodus 12:1-20
The Passover communicated Exodus 12:21-28
Tenth plague against Egypt inflicted Exodus 12:29-30
The Exodus – God’s deliverance of Israel Exodus 12:31-51
Crossing the Red sea Exodus 14
The Ten Commandments Exodus 20:1-17
Golden calf made by Aaron Exodus 32
Spies sent to Canaan Numbers 13:1 to 14:45
City of Jericho Joshua 6
Deborah and Barak Judges 4
Gideon Judges 6:1 to 8:35
Samson Judges 13:1 to 16:31
Samson and Delilah Judges 16:4-20
Ruth Ruth 1:1 to 4:22
Samuel’s birth I Samuel 1
Hannah’s (Samuel’s mom) prayer to the Lord I Samuel 2:1-10
David chosen by God I Samuel 16:1-13
David and Goliath I Samuel 17
David anointed king of Judah II Samuel 2:1-11
David anointed king of Israel II Samuel 5:1-12
David and Bathsheba II Samuel 11
God is displeased with David II Samuel 12:1-14
Solomon anointed king I Kings 1:28-40
God’s first appearance to Solomon I Kings 3:2-15
God’s second appearance to Solomon I Kings 9:1-9
Queen of Sheba I Kings 10:1-13
God is angry with Solomon I Kings 11
Elijah and the prophets of Baal I Kings 18:17-40
Elijah taken to heaven II Kings 2:1-11
Job afflicted by Satan Job 1:1 to 2:13
God speaks to Job Job 38:1 to 42:9
God blesses Job Job 42:10-13
Ezekiel’s vision of dry bones Ezekiel 37:1-14
Daniel and the kings food Daniel 1:1-16
Shadrach, Meshach and Abed-nego put in the fiery furnace Daniel 3
Daniel put in the lion’s den Daniel 6
Jonah in the belly of the fish Jonah 1:1 to 2:10

Chapter 1-2 + Summary of Haggai

Chapter 1-2 + Summary of Haggai

Summary of Haggai:

The book of Haggai is both a narrative History and a prophetic message. The Key personalities are Haggai, Zerubbabel, and Joshua. Haggai was called by God to encourage the people to finish the construction of the temple in Jerusalem. The construction had ceased because of opposition and because the neighboring countries, and the Jews were frightened.

Chapter 1: Haggai exhorts to build a Temple

In the second year of Darius, the word of the Lord comes to Haggai unto Zerubbabel (governor of Jerusalem) and Joshua (the high priest).

The Lord is angered because the people say it is not time for the temple to be finished. The Lord criticizes their words of procrastination and lack of progress. The houses of individuals are in working order, but the house of the Lord is not.

The Lord explains that the people have “…sown much, and bring in little; ye eat, but ye have not enough; ye drink, but ye are not filled with drink; ye clothe you, but there is none warm; and he that earneth wages earneth wages to put it into a bag with holes.” (Haggai 1:6) Here we can learn a great life lesson, if we work and work with no reward than it is like putting money in pockets with holes, because we will lose the money. We need to be wise and productive with our money… living within your means!

Chapter 2: Peace in his Temple

The Lord speaks to the people and addresses their anxiety that the current temple is far less impressive than Solomon’s. The Lord exhorts them to be strong. Haggai questions the priests and essentially teaches them that a smaller temple is STILL a TEMPLE. A recent drought is seen as a consequence of the people’s refusal to build the temple. However, God sees their change of heart and promises a harvest of blessing to come. The Lord will give peace in His temple!

Song of Solomon 3-4

Song of Solomon 3-4

Chapter 3: A Love Song for Solomon

This is a love song apparently for Solomon, the author writes: “…I held him, and would not let him go, until I had brought him into my mother’s house, and into the chamber of her that conceived me.” (Song of Solomon 3:4) Obviously Song of Solomon is very “erotic” in nature, it does not really fit with the rest of the Bible.

Chapter 4: Song of “Beauty”

The author in this chapter describes the love of his sister; “Thou hast ravished my heart, my sister, my spouse… How fair is thy love, my sister, my spouse! …” (Song of Solomon 4:9-10) and then goes on to describe “…pleasant fruits.” (Song of Solomon 4:16). No doubts that the Book of Solomon is one giant love poem.

 

Psalms 71-72

Psalms 71-72

Chapter 71: Praises of Thanksgiving

David praises the Lord with thanksgiving and asks who is like unto the Lord?

“…thou art my rock and my fortress.” (Psalms 71:3)

David also tells the Lord that when he is “…old and grayheaded… forsake me not…” (Psalms 71:18)

With the Lord David can gain his strength and be lifted from his troubles.

Chapter 72: Solomon a Type of Christ

A Psalm for Solomon.

                The whole earth is filled with the glory of the Lord. David describes Solomon as a type of Christ whom shall have dominion over the earth until the sun and moon cease to give light. The kings of Tarnishs and the sisles shall bring presents to him and the kings of Sheba will bring him gifts.

 

2 Chronicles 9-10

2 Chronicles 9-10

Chapter 9: Queen of Sheba and Solomon

When the Queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon, she came to ask very hard questions of Solomon to prove of his wisdom and knowledge. After the Queen of Sheba heard the answers, wisdom and the house and all that Solomon had built. She approved. She didn’t believe until she saw with her own eyes, but after seeing everything she knew that people had only told of half the greatness of Solomon. She gave Solomon 120 talents of gold, precious spices in abundance and many precious stones.

Solomon also received gold, algum trees and precious stones from Huram. With the algum trees, Solomon made terraces and harps. The amount of gold that came into Solomon in just one year was six hundred and three score and six talents of gold. This equates to about 49,950 pounds of gold or about 25 tons! OR 799,200 ounces! The current rate of gold per ounce right now is; $1,100! OR $879,120,000
per year! Almost one billion dollars, per year! In this chapter it mentions that, this did not include all of what the kings of Arabia or the chapmen or merchants.

Solomon made a great throne of ivory and overlaid it with gold, with six steps to the throne with a footstool of gold with two lions standing by the stays. King Solomon passed the wealth of all the kings of the earth, all of the kings of the earth sought for the Wisdom of Solomon.

Solomon had four thousand stalls for horses and chariots and twelve thousand horsemen. The rest of the acts of Solomon are written in the book of Nathan and in the prophecy of Ahijah and the visions of Iddo. The Lost Books of the Bible! Solomon reigned for 40 years and then died.

Chapter 10: Rehoboam is an Idiot

Rehoboam went to Shechem and all of Israel to make him King. Jeroboam and all of Israel came unto Rehoboam saying: “Thy father made our yoke grievous: now therefore ease thou somewhat the grievous servitude of thy father, and his heavy yoke that he put upon us, and we will serve thee” (2 Chronicles 10:4) and so Rehoboam told them to return in 3 days and they people left.

Rehoboam goes to his counsel of old men and they tell him that if he listens to the people and speak kind words unto them, then they will serve you forever. But the younger counsel tells him to make their burdens even heavier.

So 3 days passes and the people return to Rehoboam and he tell them; “…My father made your yoke heavy, but I will add thereto: my father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.” (2 Chronicles 10:14). Obviously the people did not like these words and when Rehoboam sent Hadoram that was over the tribute, the children of Israel stoned him to death and Rehoboam had to flee in his chariot from the city of Jerusalem. The people rebelled against the house of David from then on.

2 Chronicles 7-8

2 Chronicles 7-8

Chapter 7: The Lord Appears Unto Solomon

Solomon ended his dedicatory prayer when The Lord came down from heaven and consumed his burnt offerings and sacrifices and the priests could not even enter  into the temple, because the glory of The Lord had filled the entire temple. When everyone sees tv glory of God in the temple, the children of Israel bow to the earth, and worshiped and praised God. Solomon then offered 22,000 oxen and 22,000 sheep as sacrifices. Solomon had to use the middle court, because the altar in the temple could not accept all of the fat and meat offerings. But the children of Israel keep the feast for 8 days, and on the eighth day they made a Solomon assembly.

 

The Lord appeared to Solomon by night and tells him that his prayers have been answered and that he will overlook the little things that men do, if they turn away from their evil ways and do good He will be patient and kind to the children of Israel. The Lord also promises to bless Solomon with many things if he follows The Lord, but if he did not follow The Lord he would be cut off.

 

Chapter 8: Solomon Builds Cities

Hurman restores cities to Solomon and Solomon causes that his people dwell in those cities. Solomon goes on to build more cities, like; Beth-horon and Baalath and all the other cities. Solomon offers sacrifices to The Lord according to the law of Moses and priests and Levites are appointed to serve The Lord.

2 Chronicles 5-6

2 Chronicles 5-6

Chapter 5: The Temple is finished

Solomon finishes the temple and brings in everything that his father had dedicated towards the temple, the gold, silver and all the instruments were put in the treasuries of the house of the Lord. Solomon then commanded all the elders of Israel to go up to bring the ark of the Lord unto the city of David which is Zion.

So they go and get the ark of the Lord and they bring it back to the house of the Lord, the newly built temple and rest the ark in the Oracle of the Sanctuary of the Temple. The men with the instruments began to play and glory in God and the glory of God was shown through the Temple.

Chapter 6: Dedicatory Prayer for the Temple

Solomon blesses all the congregation of Israel that is gathered before the temple on the day of the dedication. Solomon gets down on his knees and spreads his hands toward heaven and prays;

                “O Lord God of Israel, there is no God like thee in the heaven, nor in the earth; which keepest covenant, and shewest mercy unto thy servants, that walk before thee with all their hearts: Thou which hast kept with thy servant David my father that which thou hast promised him; and spakest with thy mouth, and hast fulfilled it with thine hand, as it is this day. Now therefore, O Lord God of Israel, keep with thy servant David my father that which thou hast promised him, saying, There shall not fail thee a man in my sight to sit upon the throne of Israel; yet so that thy children take heed to their way to walk in my law, as thou hast walked before me. Now then, O Lord God of Israel, let thy word be verified, which thou hast spoken unto thy servant David. But will God in very deed dwell with men on the earth? behold, heaven and the heaven of heavens cannot contain thee; how much less this house which I have built! Have respect therefore to the prayer of thy servant, and to his supplication, O Lord my God, to hearken unto the cry and the prayer which thy servant prayeth before thee:

That thine eyes may be open upon this house day and night, upon the place whereof thou hast said that thou wouldest put thy name there; to hearken unto the prayer which thy servant prayeth toward this place. Hearken therefore unto the supplications of thy servant, and of thy people Israel, which they shall make toward this place: hear thou from thy dwelling place, even from heaven; and when thou hearest, forgive. If a man sin against his neighbour, and an oath be laid upon him to make him swear, and the oath come before thine altar in this house; Then hear thou from heaven, and do, and judge thy servants, by requiting the wicked, by recompensing his way upon his own head; and by justifying the righteous, by giving him according to his righteousness. And if thy people Israel be put to the worse before the enemy, because they have sinned against thee; and shall return and confess thy name, and pray and make supplication before thee in this house; Then hear thou from the heavens, and forgive the sin of thy people Israel, and bring them again unto the land which thou gavest to them and to their fathers.

                When the heaven is shut up, and there is no rain, because they have sinned against thee; yet if they pray toward this place, and confess thy name, and turn from their sin, when thou dost afflict them; Then hear thou from heaven, and forgive the sin of thy servants, and of thy people Israel, when thou hast taught them the good way, wherein they should walk; and send rain upon thy land, which thou hast given unto thy people for an inheritance.

If there be dearth in the land, if there be pestilence, if there be blasting, or mildew, locusts, or caterpillers; if their enemies besiege them in the cities of their land; whatsoever sore or whatsoever sickness there be:

Then what prayer or what supplication so ever shall be made of any man, or of all thy people Israel, when every one shall know his own sore and his own grief, and shall spread forth his hands in this house: Then hear thou from heaven thy dwelling place, and forgive, and render unto every man according unto all his ways, whose heart thou knowest; (for thou only knowest the hearts of the children of men:)

That they may fear thee, to walk in thy ways, so long as they live in the land which thou gavest unto our fathers. Moreover concerning the stranger, which is not of thy people Israel, but is come from a far country for thy great name’s sake, and thy mighty hand, and thy stretched out arm; if they come and pray in this house; Then hear thou from the heavens, even from thy dwelling place, and do according to all that the stranger calleth to thee for; that all people of the earth may know thy name, and fear thee, as doth thy people Israel, and may know that this house which I have built is called by thy name.

                If thy people go out to war against their enemies by the way that thou shalt send them, and they pray unto thee toward this city which thou hast chosen, and the house which I have built for thy name; Then hear thou from the heavens their prayer and their supplication, and maintain their cause.

If they sin against thee, (for there is no man which sinneth not,) and thou be angry with them, and deliver them over before their enemies, and they carry them away captives unto a land far off or near; Yet if they bethink themselves in the land whither they are carried captive, and turn and pray unto thee in the land of their captivity, saying, We have sinned, we have done amiss, and have dealt wickedly;

If they return to thee with all their heart and with all their soul in the land of their captivity, whither they have carried them captives, and pray toward their land, which thou gavest unto their fathers, and toward the city which thou hast chosen, and toward the house which I have built for thy name:

Then hear thou from the heavens, even from thy dwelling place, their prayer and their supplications, and maintain their cause, and forgive thy people which have sinned against thee.

                Now, my God, let, I beseech thee, thine eyes be open, and let thine ears be attent unto the prayer that is made in this place. Now therefore arise, O Lord God, into thy resting place, thou, and the ark of thy strength: let thy priests, O Lord God, be clothed with salvation, and let thy saints rejoice in goodness. O Lord God, turn not away the face of thine anointed: remember the mercies of David thy servant.” (2 Chronicles 14-42)

We learn a lot from Solomon’s prayer. Mainly asking God to be patient and understand of the weakness of man. Solomon prays that God will forgive men of their weakness, if only they turn away from it and come back to the Lord.

2 Chronicles 3-4

2 Chronicles 3-4

Chapter 3: Solomon Builds a Temple

Solomon begins the construction of the temple on the threshingfloor or Ornan. He begin construction on the second day of the second month in the fourth year of his reign.

In this chapter we learn again about the dimensions of the temple which could be found in previous books and chapters of the Old Testament. It mentions that Solomon used many precious stones and gold of Parvaim. He made images of cherubims and overlaid them with gold. Solomon also made a veil for the temple made of purple and crimson and all manner of fine linen. In the inner sanctuary he made chains and put a hundred pomegranates on the chains. The pillars of the temple on the left he called Boaz and on the right hand he called Jachin.

Chapter 4: Solomon’s Temple

Solomon makes a molten altar of brass and a molten sea of brass (this is the baptismal font) which had oxen underneath it, 3 looking north, 3 looking west, 3 looking south and three looking east. The sea (baptismal font) rested upon their back and represents the twelve tribes of Israel.

He made 10 lavers (washing stations), 10 candlesticks of Gold and 10 tables and put 5 on the right and 5 on the left. The baptismal font was set on the right side of the east end against the south. Everything in the temple was of gold.

2 Chronicles 1-2

2 Chronicles 1-2

Chapter 1: Solomon Chooses Wisdom

Solomon was strengthened in his kingdom and the Lord magnified him exceedingly. Solomon gathers up all the captains, princes and governors of Israel to go with him to a place at Gibeon, which was a tabernacle of the congregation that Moses had built in the wilderness. The ark of God was brought up to Kirjath-jearim and the brazen altar was brought before the tabernacle, and there Solomon offered a thousand sand burn offerings upon it.

God comes to Solomon and asks him to ask Him for anything. Solomon asks God for wisdom and knowledge so he can better judge and lead the Lord’s people. God was very pleased with Solomon asking for knowledge and wisdom over riches and fame, and tells Solomon that his wish is granted and because he had asked for only knowledge and wisdom, he would also give him riches. So Solomon is given much wisdom, knowledge and riches!

Chapter 2: Solomon Builds a Temple

Solomon begins to organize his labor force to build the temple. He gets men to get stone in the mountain, and men to oversee their work. He also contacts Huram in Tyre to get cedars to build the temple. Huram also supplies him with men to work in gold, silver, brass and iron. In trade, Solomon agrees to provide Hurman with his servants, if he lends some of his servants back.

1 Chronicles 27-29

1 Chronicles 27-29

Chapter 27: Officers who served the King

David’s army was divided into units of twelve, with one group of the twelve on alert each month of the year. By doing this, they found an effective way of always keeping the troops ready and the inactive troops regularly trained.

Over the first first month was; Jashobeam the son of Zabdiel: and in his course were 24,000.The children of Perez was the chief of all the captains of the host for the first month.

Over the second month was; Dodai an Ahohite, and of his course was Mikloth also the ruler: in his course were 24,000.

Over the third month was; Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, a chief priest: and in his course was 24,000. Benaiah, who was mighty among the thirty, and above the thirty: and in his course was Ammizabad his son.

Over the fourth month was; Asahel the brother of Joab, and Zebadiah his son after him: and in his course was 24,000.

Over the fifth month was; Shamhuth the Izrahite: and in his course was 24,000.

Over the sixth month was; Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite: and in his course were twenty and four thousand.

Over the seventh month was; Helez the Pelonite, of the children of Ephraim: and in his course was 24,000.

Over the eighth month was; Sibbecai the Hushathite, of the Zarhites: and in his course were twenty and four thousand.

Over the ninth month was; Abiezer the Anetothite, of the Benjamites: and in his course was 24,000.

Over the tenth month was; Maharai the Netophathite, of the Zarhites: and in his course was 24,000.

Over the eleventh month was; Benaiah the Pirathonite, of the children of Ephraim: and in his course was 24,000.

Over the twelfth month was; Heldai the Netophathite, of Othniel: and in his course was 24,000.

Furthermore over the tribes of Israel: the ruler of the Reubenites was Eliezer the son of Zichri: of the Simeonites, Shephatiah the son of Maachah: Of the Levites, Hashabiah the son of Kemuel: of the Aaronites, Zadok: Of Judah, Elihu, one of the brethren of David: of Issachar, Omri the son of Michael: Of Zebulun, Ishmaiah the son of Obadiah: of Naphtali, Jerimoth the son of Azriel: Of the children of Ephraim, Hoshea the son of Azaziah: of the half tribe of Manasseh, Joel the son of Pedaiah: Of the half tribe of Manasseh in Gilead, Iddo the son of Zechariah: of Benjamin, Jaasiel the son of Abner: Of Dan, Azareel the son of Jeroham. These were the princes of the tribes of Israel.

And over the king’s treasures was Azmaveth the son of Adiel: and over the storehouses in the fields, in the cities, and in the villages, and in the castles, was Jehonathan the son of Uzziah: And over them that did the work of the field for tillage of the ground was Ezri the son of Chelub: And over the vineyards was Shimei the Ramathite: over the increase of the vineyards for the wine cellars was Zabdi the Shiphmite. And over the olive trees and the sycomore trees that were in the low plains was Baal-hanan the Gederite: and over the cellars of oil was Joash; And over the herds that fed in Sharon was Shitrai the Sharonite: and over the herds that were in the valleys wasShaphat the son of Adlai: Over the camels also was Obil the Ishmaelite: and over the asses was Jehdeiah the Meronothite: And over the flocks was Jaziz the Hagerite. All these were the rulers of the substance which was king David’s.

Chapter 28: Solomon to Build the Temple

David assembled all of the princes of Israel and the princes of the tribes and the captains of the companies that ministered to the king by their month.

David stands and says; “… Hear me, my brethren, and my people: As for me, I had in mine heart to build an house of rest for the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and for the footstool of our God, and  had made ready for the building: But God said unto me, Thou shalt not build an house for my name, because thou hast been a man of war and hast shed blood.” (1 Chronicles 28:2-3). But he continues on to say that he was chosen to be the father of the one chose to build that house. This is Solomon. Solomon will build the house of the Lord. David says to Solomon; “…Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy father, and serve him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind: for the Lord searcheth all hearts, and understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts: if thou seek him, he will be found of thee; but if thou forsake him, he will cast thee off forever.” (1 Chronicles 28:9)

David further counsels Solomon to take heed and build the sanctuary for the Lord. He says; “…be strong, and do it.” (1 Chronicles 28:10)

David continues to give Solomon the blue prints for the construction and gives him all the resources that he will need in preparing and going forth with the construction.

He continues to speak with Solomon; “…Be strong and of good courage, and do it: fear not, nor be dismayed: for the Lord God, even my God, will be with thee; he will not fail thee, nor forsake thee, until thou hast finished all the work for the service of the house of the Lord.” (1 Chronicles 28:20)

Chapter 29: Solomon Reigns as King

Everyone in Israel makes generous offerings of Gold, Silver, Iron, Time, etc. to the construction of the house of the Lord. David blesses and praises the Lord and instructs the people. David dies and Solomon reigns as the king. In verse 29 the chapter mentions the books of both “Samuel” and “Gad” which we no longer have today. This is another example of why the Bible is not complete.