Summary of Song of Solomon
Chapter by Chapter:
Song of Solomon 1-2: Love and Devotion/The Beloved Ones
Song of Solomon 3-4: A Love Song for Solomon/Song of “Beauty”
Song of Solomon 5-6: Song of “Love”/Singing of “Love”
Song of Solomon 7-8: The Song of “Love”/Many Waters Cannot Quench Love
The Song of Solomon is a series of lyrical poems organized as a dialogue between a young woman and her lover. A third party, or chorus, occasionally addresses the lovers.
I personally love and agree with Elder Bruce R. McConkie when he offered up his opinion on the worth of the books of the Bible… he describes the Bible:
“In the Old Testament, Genesis is the book of books – a divine account whose worth cannot be measured. Exodus and Deuteronomy are also of surpassing worth. Numbers, Joshua, Judges, the Samuels, the Kings, and the Chronicles are all essential history. Leviticus has no especial application to us. Ruth and Esther are lovely stories. The Psalms contain marvelous poetry and the portions that are messianic and that speak of the last days and the Second Coming are of great import. Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Lamentations are interesting books; Job is for people who like the book of Job; and the Song of Solomon is biblical trash – it is not inspired writing. …all the rest of the prophets – Isaiah above them all – each in his place and order set forth the doctrinal and prophetic word that must be studied in depth.” (“The Bible – A Sealed Book,” Church Education Symposium, BYU, 17 August 1984)
There you have it, the Book of Song of Solomon is BIBLICAL TRASH, I agree. The book is lustful in nature and really adds nothing positive to the Bible. But for those who want to know a Summary of the Book, please keep reading… although there is many ways to look at the Book… you will find that I did not go into as much detail as I do with other books.
The first poem is spoken by the young maiden, who longs to be near her lover and enjoy his kisses. She explains that she has a dark complexion because her family sends her to work in the vineyards. She searches for her lover, comparing him to a wandering shepherd, and the chorus encourages her to follow the flocks to his tent.
The lovers lie on a couch together while the man praises the beauty of his beloved, comparing her to a young mare and comparing her eyes to that of a dove’s eye. While in bed, the maiden dreams that she is searching the city streets for her lover and that she finds him and takes him home. She envisions a lavish wedding procession, in which her happy bridegroom appears as King Solomon. The man speaks, comparing each part of the maiden’s body to animals and precious objects. He calls for her to come down from the mountain peaks to be with him. With intense yearning, he characterizes her as an enclosed “garden” full of ripe foliage and a flowing fountain (Song of Solomon 4:12–15). The maiden bids the wind to blow on her garden and invites the man into the garden. The man dines in the garden and calls for their friends to celebrate with the lovers.
In another dream, the maiden hears her lover knocking at her door late one night, but he disappears. Again, she roams the streets, but this time the city guards accost the maiden. She asks the “daughters of Jerusalem” to help her find her lover. The chorus asks her to describe the young man, and she compares each part of his body to precious metals, jewels, and animals.
The two find each other in the garden. The man continues to praise each part of the maiden’s body. He bids her to dance and likens her to a palm tree with breasts like fruit. The maiden invites her lover to the fields and villages, promising to give him her love among the blossoming vineyards. She wishes that he were her brother so that people would not comment about their open displays of affection. She urges him to “seal” his heart with her love, for love is strong. The maiden thinks back on her earlier chastity but is glad she has lost it peacefully by finding favor “in his eyes” (Song of Solomon 8:10). The man says that, while King Solomon may have many vineyards, he is happy with his one vineyard, the maiden.