Summary of Philippians

Summary of Philippians

                Paul writes to the Philippians in epistles from prison, he writes to them to thank them for their continued support and encouragement.

In Chapters 1-2: Paul writes about his sufferings, but writes that because of his sufferings the work of God has continued; “… I would ye should understand, brethren, that the things which happened unto me have fallen out rather unto the furtherance of the gospel.” (Philippians 1:12) As a follower of Jesus Christ, you often have to surrender your life to further the work of Christ’s kingdom on earth. For as a believer of Christ we have to not only have “…to believe on him, but also to suffer for his sake.” (Philippians 1:29)

Paul explains that because Jesus Christ suffered for us, God exalted Him on high, that “…every knee should bow…And…every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord…” (Philippians 2:10-11)

In Chapters 3-4: Paul expounds on the joys of being a Christian and encourages the church to press forward with the Gospel. Paul continues to explain how we can have joy in Jesus Christ, and that the believers will rejoice in Him when they are grounded in prayer and thanksgiving. He ends by explaining that whatsoever things are: true, honest, just, pure, lovely, virtuous and of good report , should be on the minds of the Saints who believe on Christ.

 

 

Summary of Ephesians

Summary of Ephesians

                Paul writes to the Ephesians, and encourages them to be followers of Jesus Christ and to serve and love on another in unity, while being persecuted for their beliefs.

In Chapters 1-3: Paul begins by explaining that everyone who has ever been born, who now lives or who will be born, has and will be chosen by God; “…he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world…” (Ephesians 1:4) We, being children of a loving Heavenly Father [God] have been “…predestinated… unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ…” (Ephesians 1:5)

In Chapters 4-5: Paul explains the Organization of the Church of Jesus Christ, explaining that there is only “One Lord, one faith, one baptism.” (Ephesians 4:5) and that God “…gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists… For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry…” (Ephesians 4:11-12) He explains this to help us understand that there can only be one TRUE Church of Jesus Christ, and in order to be the ONE, it has to have an organization of Prophets, Apostles, Teachers… etc and have the Authority to act under His name. Paul goes on to explain that Husbands and Wives, although they have different responsibilities in this life, they must act as EQUAL Partners!

In Chapter 6: Paul urges children to obey their children and to honor them. He then instructs believers to prepare for a spiritual battle by putting “…on the full armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of evil.” (Ephesians 6:11) Paul urges the Saints to increase their faith through prayer and knowledge (scripture study) so that they can resist the evils.

Summary of Galatians

Summary of Galatians

The book of Galatians is a series of letters written by Paul to the Galatians. These letters are known as “Epistles”, which were written around 50 A.D. The reason that Paul wrote these letters was because of some controversy among the churches and its members in Galatia, concerning Jewish laws. One of the laws that were in question was the law of circumcision, which the Christians believed were only for the Jews.

In chapters 1-2: Paul delivers his testimony about how he came to know the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Paul warns of people who come preaching another doctrine, than the one of Christ.

In chapters 3-5: Paul explains that Salvation cannot be obtained by law alone, but rather through faith on Jesus Christ. However, following the commandments of God and doing good works validates our faith.

In chapters 5-6: We learn about the Fruits of the Spirit and we come to understand that we must walk by the Spirit and abandon the desires of the flesh. Good works alone does not grant us salvation, however faith and good works do.

Summary of 2 Corinthians

Summary of 2 Corinthians

The book of 2nd Corinthians is a series of Epistles written to the Corinthians by Paul (who was an Apostle of the Lord). These letters were reportedly written around 50 years after the death of Jesus Christ.

In chapters 1-7: Paul describes some of the attributes and responsibilities of an Apostle. Paul explains; “…we preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord…” (2 Corinthians 4:5) Paul explains that while Christians are “Persecuted, but not forsaken; cast down, but not destroyed.” (2 Corinthians 4:9)

In chapters 10-13: Paul defends his authority and explains that many false Prophets will come and deceive them. Paul then decides to explain his own sufferings and persecutions to help them understand who and what he stood for. He explains that he is weak, just as they are! However, if he works to understand his short comings, his weaknesses will become strengths!

Summary of 1 Corinthians

Summary of 1 Corinthians

                The Book of 1 Corinthians is a collection of letters written by Paul to the Corinthians around 56 A.D. The underlying theme of these letters was for Paul to address and correct issues of immorality and divisions among members of the church in that area.

In Chapters 1-4: Paul receives reports of “…contentions among you [the Corinthians].” (1 Corinthians 1:11) Paul asks believers to “…see your calling…how that not many…are called.” (1 Corinthians 1:26) Paul explains that God has chosen them, and because of that they need to behave like they have been chosen and become believers in God and in Jesus Christ and let God have a hand in our daily lives.

In chapters 5-11:  Paul exposes all of the unrighteous activities of immorality that was occurring among the Corinthians at Corinth. Their sins included: sexual immorality, issues of marriage, and lawsuits within the church. “Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God?” (1 Corinthians 6:9)

In chapters 12-14: Paul helps clear up any confusion about the different practices of worship in the Church of Jesus Christ. He helps to correct difficult doctrines that had caused divisions and again more confusion! Paul explains to the Corinthians that “…God is not the author of confusion, but of peace…” (1 Corinthians 14:33) Essentially he is saying that there is no need for people to fight over doctrines, when God only authored one Doctrine, and never meant for it to be confusing.

In Chapters 15-16: Paul explains the topic of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ and explains that if He rose on the third day, then WE too can rise once again after death.

Summary of Romans

Summary of Romans

                Paul writes a series of letters to the Roman church and begins by introducing himself as an Apostle whose mission was to bring about the obedience of faith among all the Gentiles. Paul explains that he wants to one day preach in Rome. Paul explains that Salvation does not just come through Faith in Jesus Christ, explaining how Gentiles worshipped idols, forgetting about God, and how Jews failed to follow the law with hypocrisy, ultimately sinning.

Paul teaches that salvation from sin is only possible through faith in Jesus Christ. This faith in Jesus Christ means becoming one of His disciples. If we become a disciple of Jesus Christ, we also become disciplined to follow His commandments. The free gift of grace is unearned and undeserved. However, Grace is FREE, that Grace opens the door. Salvation comes through obedience to the Laws of the Gospel, which permits us to pass through the door. Because of the fall of Adam, we had no way to return to God, but through the Grace of Jesus Christ He gave us a way to return. However, we still must do our part to accept the Grace of God, this includes faith in Jesus Christ and a devotion to following ALL of His Commandments.

Paul explains the importance of Baptism, that it is a symbolic “death and resurrection” to follow in the footsteps of Jesus Christ. It is truly the death of the sinner and the rebirth of those who receive a proper baptism. Christians, then, must guide their lives by righteousness, not by sin: righteousness alone will lead to eternal life.

Paul finishes up his letters to the Romans by advising them on the proper way to live a Christian life. Paul discusses and urges; Harmony, humility, love, charity, forbearance, and submission. Paul commands tolerance and freedom within the church. Paul explains that the strong in faith are not to judge and reject the weak in faith. Finally Paul concludes by sending greetings to a long list of people in Chapter 16, and ends with greeting the entire church.

Summary of Acts

Summary of Acts

Acts begins with Jesus’s commandment to the Twelve Apostles to spread the Gospel throughout the world. Peter serves as the leader of the apostles and the small congregation of the faithful, first “Christains” in Jerusalem. The Apostles, by means of Revelation call Matthias as the twelfth Apostle, replacing the traitor Judas Iscariot. During the year of Jesus’s death and resurrection, the Apostles are gathered for Pentecost. The Holy Ghost descends upon them, and as a result of the Holy Ghost’s presence, they begin speaking other languages. Peter explains the miracle, saying that the gift of tongues is given to everyone through the laying on of hands. He explains that the Gift of Tongues or speaking in Tongues means other languages.

Peter summarizes the life, crucifixion, and resurrection of Jesus. He gives scriptural proof that Jesus is the Messiah, the savior whom God promises in the Old Testament to send to save Jews from their adversity. Responding to Peter’s testimony, 3,000 people are baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ. A man named Barnabas is particularly praised for his generosity, and a couple that defrauds the church are stricken dead. Going to the temple to pray, Peter and John cure a crippled beggar. Peter tells a crowd the story of Jesus’s persecution and his eventual resurrection, concluding with a reminder that the Jews are favored by God and a call to repentance. The Sadducee high priests of the temple, who do not believe in the resurrection of the dead, bring Peter and John before the Jewish high court, where Peter preaches the Gospel. The court, which is called the Sanhedrin, recognizes that public opinion is in favor of the Apostles and releases them.

The high priest imprisons the Apostles, but they are miraculously freed by an angel, and they continue their preaching. Brought again before the court, Peter leads the apostles in their defense, saying, “…We ought to obey God rather than men.” (Acts 5:29).

A controversy ensues between Stephen and some Jews, who accuse him of heresy before the Sanhedrin. Stephen delivers a long speech, in his defense,  detailing the history of Jewish leadership in the Bible. For his words, Stephen is stoned to death, with the approval of a young man named Saul of Damascus, a vigorous persecutor of the Christians. Stephen is the first Christian martyr. Saul is a Jewish leader who has been trying to wipe out the new community of Christians because he believes that they are trying to destroy Jewish law. While traveling to persecute Christians, Saul is blinded by a light and hears the voice of Jesus asking, “…Saul, Saul why persecutes thou me?” (Acts 9:4). Saul is converted and sets out to be one of the best missionaries of the Church of Jesus Christ. He travels to the coast, performs miracles, preaches the Gospel, and converts Gentiles.

Barnabas and Saul, who is renamed Paul, depart on a missionary journey.

  • In Cyprus, Paul blinds a magician, Elymas, who tries to prevent Paul from teaching.
  •  At Antioch in Pisidia, Paul preaches to a Jewish congregation, telling his listeners about forgiveness of sins through faith in Jesus.
  • At Iconium, they have some success until nonbelievers, including both Jews and Gentiles, drive them from town.
  • At Lycaonia, Paul cures a cripple, and the local Gentiles take them for the pagan gods Zeus and Hermes before Paul is able to convince them otherwise. As usual, however, the missionaries are chased from town, and Paul is nearly stoned to death.
  • In Greece, Paul meets with mixed success, converting some but meeting opposition from many Jews and some Gentiles.

Later Paul travels to Jerusalem, where he meets with James and the church leaders, who are concerned that Paul has been urging Christians not to follow Jewish law. They plan for Paul to go to the Temple and explain that he is not encouraging breaking Jewish Law. In the temple, however, Jews seize him, accusing him of profaning the temple and preaching against the law. Paul tells the crowd his personal history; he relates the stories of his past persecution of Christians, his miraculous vision of Christ, and his conversion to Christianity and mission to preach to the Gentiles.

The crowd becomes outraged, and the Roman tribune seizes Paul. The tribune then has him brought before the Jewish high court, the Sanhedrin, where Paul creates dissent by setting the two factions in the court, the Pharisees and the Sadducees, against each other. The tribune saves Paul from the ensuing riot, and, hearing of a Jewish plot against Paul’s life, sends him for his own protection to Felix, the governor of Palestine, in Caesarea. At the trial in Caesarea, Paul professes to worship God and adhere to Jewish law. Hearing that Paul collects and distributes alms, Felix holds him in jail for two years, hoping for a bribe. After Felix’s death, Paul is tried before the new governor, Festus.

Paul appeals to Caesar’s judgment, and Festus; who does not believe Paul guilty, but who wants to appease the Jews calling for his execution. Finally Festus decides to send him to Caesar, in Rome. First, however, Paul is brought before King Agrippa.  Again, Paul recounts the story of his vision of Jesus and conversion to Christianity, and argues that his missionary activity is merely a fulfillment of Jewish hopes and Old Testament prophecies. King Agrippa is impressed, but Paul is sent to Rome. On the way to Rome, Paul’s ship is wrecked, and through a series of sailing mishaps it takes months to arrive at Rome. Awaiting his hearing at Rome, Paul begins to spread the Gospel to the Roman Jews, who disbelieve him. He turns his emphasis again toward the Gentiles. Paul goes throughout, preaching; “…no man forbidding him.” (Acts 28:31)

Summary of John

Summary of John

 

John is the last of the four Gospel books in the New Testament, it contains a narrative history, parables and prophetic messages. John tells stories about Jesus Christ, the Twelve Apostles, Mary Magdalene, John the Baptist, Lazarus and the sisters of Mary and Martha as well as Jewish religious leaders and Pontius Pilate.

One of the main reasons the book exists, is to provide everyone with the knowledge of their Savior, Jesus Christ. We know that God gave His Only Begotten Son for us, so that we could have the ability to return to live with our Father in Heaven.

•    Chapter 1: Explains of the Messiah’s coming ministry. John gives clear evidence that Jesus is more than just a man, He is the Son of God “In the beginning was the Word and the Word was with God, and the Word was God” (John 1:1). Jesus is Jehovah, Jehovah is the word and is the God of the Old Testament.

•    Chapters 2-12:  Explain the ministry of Jesus. He meets with a religious leader named Nicodemus and teaches him that no one can enter the Kingdom of Heaven unless they have are personally “…born again…” (John 3:3). Obviously this referring to Baptism and the Covenants you make with God to change your life and become like one of His disciples. Several times throughout the book, Jesus claims that He Himself is the God of the Old Testament (The Son of God the Eternal Father), “I and my Father are one” (John 10:30), which of course refers to their unity as one in Purpose.  Jesus also repeats and applies to Himself, the Jehovaic statement, “I AM” as found in Exodus 3:14, for example, when Jesus declares, “…I am the resurrection, and the life…” (John 11:25), “…I am the way, the truth, and the life…” (John 14:6), “I am the door…” (John 10:9), and “…I am the bread of life…” (6:35).

•     Chapters 13-17: Describes the details of the Last Supper with Jesus and His disciples. Jesus taught many important topics to His Apostles during this time. Some of these were topics about the Kingdom, and about how the Holy Ghost  would be sent to them. He also prays for Himself, His Apostle, and for all the future believers.

• Chapters 18-21: Portrays the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Jesus is put on trial and then convicted illegally. He is beaten, humiliated, and then crucified. Jesus resurrected and arose from the tomb and appeared to Mary Magdalene and to His disciples. Upon closing the writing of the Gospel of John, John himself testifies of the great work of Jesus and how the Bible does not contain all of His word:

“And there are also many other things which Jesus did, the which, if they should be written every one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books, that should be written, Amen.” (John 10:25)

Summary of Luke

Summary of Luke

Like the books of Matthew and Mark, we learn from the Book of Luke the stories of the birth of Jesus Christ and John the Baptist. Luke tells us that the angel Gabriel appears to Zechariah, telling him that his wife Elizabeth, formerly barren, is pregnant. Soon afterward, Gabriel appears to Elizabeth’s relative, the Virgin Mary, telling her that she too is going to give birth to a child by the Power of the Holy Ghost.

Mary and Joseph travel from their home in Nazareth to Bethlehem to pay taxes to Herod, it is in Bethlehem, in a manger, Jesus is born. Later in a younger age, Jesus was found instructing older men of great wisdom in the temple. Once Jesus grows to the age of about 30, He is baptized in the desert of Judea by John the Baptist.  John is soon imprisoned by Herod, the ruler of the northern Galilee region.

We learn of Jesus’s genealogy, stretching back to the first man, Adam, who is said to be “… the son of God.” (Luke 3:38). We are told of Satan unsuccessfully testing Jesus for forty days in the wilderness. Upon returning from being tempted in the wilderness, Jesus begins his ministry. He is rejected in his hometown of Nazareth and takes to wandering throughout Galilee, where he works many miracles, including casting out devils.

•    In Chapters 1-4: Luke writes a very detailed account of the birth of Jesus, a common Christmas story, yet always fascinating. He then explains John the Baptist’s preparation for the coming Messiah and the baptism of Jesus Christ.

•    In Chapters 5-21: We learn of the ministry of Jesus. As Jesus travels, He teaches, preaches, heals the sick, and brings hope to the desperate and discouraged. He was also seeking those who were obedient and faithful, such as the Roman Centurion who sincerely pleads with Jesus to heal his servant from a far distance, “…say in a word, and my servant shall be healed.” (Luke 7:7). Jesus met many religious leaders who relentlessly opposed Him and constantly tried to trick and kill Him.

•    In Chapters 22-24: Jesus is betrayed by one of His own (Judas). He was unlawfully convicted by a dishonest and hateful court, and sentenced to crucifixion. However, death could not hold Him and after three days He resurrected and arose from the grave, just as He had miraculously raised others during His ministry.

Summary of Mark

Summary of Mark

                The book of Mark contains a Narrative History, Sermons, Parables and Prophetic words. The Gospel of Mark is the shortest of the other Gospels; Matthew, Luke, and John. Mark emphasizes more of the miracles performed by Jesus; 27 in total. Mark moves a lot faster than the other gospels and uses the word ‘immediately’ to quickly move through the story of Jesus. If you want to understand the most amount of information about the life of Jesus in the shortest amount of time, Mark is the book to read.

The book is supposedly written by John Mark, who was one of the missionaries who accompanied Paul and Barnabas on different trips. The book can be divided into two sections; chapters 1-8 deal with Jesus traveling north while preaching and chapters 9-16 deal with Jesus teaching His Apostles what to do and follows His life up until His death on the Cross of Calvary.