2 Chronicles 5-6

2 Chronicles 5-6

Chapter 5: The Temple is finished

Solomon finishes the temple and brings in everything that his father had dedicated towards the temple, the gold, silver and all the instruments were put in the treasuries of the house of the Lord. Solomon then commanded all the elders of Israel to go up to bring the ark of the Lord unto the city of David which is Zion.

So they go and get the ark of the Lord and they bring it back to the house of the Lord, the newly built temple and rest the ark in the Oracle of the Sanctuary of the Temple. The men with the instruments began to play and glory in God and the glory of God was shown through the Temple.

Chapter 6: Dedicatory Prayer for the Temple

Solomon blesses all the congregation of Israel that is gathered before the temple on the day of the dedication. Solomon gets down on his knees and spreads his hands toward heaven and prays;

                “O Lord God of Israel, there is no God like thee in the heaven, nor in the earth; which keepest covenant, and shewest mercy unto thy servants, that walk before thee with all their hearts: Thou which hast kept with thy servant David my father that which thou hast promised him; and spakest with thy mouth, and hast fulfilled it with thine hand, as it is this day. Now therefore, O Lord God of Israel, keep with thy servant David my father that which thou hast promised him, saying, There shall not fail thee a man in my sight to sit upon the throne of Israel; yet so that thy children take heed to their way to walk in my law, as thou hast walked before me. Now then, O Lord God of Israel, let thy word be verified, which thou hast spoken unto thy servant David. But will God in very deed dwell with men on the earth? behold, heaven and the heaven of heavens cannot contain thee; how much less this house which I have built! Have respect therefore to the prayer of thy servant, and to his supplication, O Lord my God, to hearken unto the cry and the prayer which thy servant prayeth before thee:

That thine eyes may be open upon this house day and night, upon the place whereof thou hast said that thou wouldest put thy name there; to hearken unto the prayer which thy servant prayeth toward this place. Hearken therefore unto the supplications of thy servant, and of thy people Israel, which they shall make toward this place: hear thou from thy dwelling place, even from heaven; and when thou hearest, forgive. If a man sin against his neighbour, and an oath be laid upon him to make him swear, and the oath come before thine altar in this house; Then hear thou from heaven, and do, and judge thy servants, by requiting the wicked, by recompensing his way upon his own head; and by justifying the righteous, by giving him according to his righteousness. And if thy people Israel be put to the worse before the enemy, because they have sinned against thee; and shall return and confess thy name, and pray and make supplication before thee in this house; Then hear thou from the heavens, and forgive the sin of thy people Israel, and bring them again unto the land which thou gavest to them and to their fathers.

                When the heaven is shut up, and there is no rain, because they have sinned against thee; yet if they pray toward this place, and confess thy name, and turn from their sin, when thou dost afflict them; Then hear thou from heaven, and forgive the sin of thy servants, and of thy people Israel, when thou hast taught them the good way, wherein they should walk; and send rain upon thy land, which thou hast given unto thy people for an inheritance.

If there be dearth in the land, if there be pestilence, if there be blasting, or mildew, locusts, or caterpillers; if their enemies besiege them in the cities of their land; whatsoever sore or whatsoever sickness there be:

Then what prayer or what supplication so ever shall be made of any man, or of all thy people Israel, when every one shall know his own sore and his own grief, and shall spread forth his hands in this house: Then hear thou from heaven thy dwelling place, and forgive, and render unto every man according unto all his ways, whose heart thou knowest; (for thou only knowest the hearts of the children of men:)

That they may fear thee, to walk in thy ways, so long as they live in the land which thou gavest unto our fathers. Moreover concerning the stranger, which is not of thy people Israel, but is come from a far country for thy great name’s sake, and thy mighty hand, and thy stretched out arm; if they come and pray in this house; Then hear thou from the heavens, even from thy dwelling place, and do according to all that the stranger calleth to thee for; that all people of the earth may know thy name, and fear thee, as doth thy people Israel, and may know that this house which I have built is called by thy name.

                If thy people go out to war against their enemies by the way that thou shalt send them, and they pray unto thee toward this city which thou hast chosen, and the house which I have built for thy name; Then hear thou from the heavens their prayer and their supplication, and maintain their cause.

If they sin against thee, (for there is no man which sinneth not,) and thou be angry with them, and deliver them over before their enemies, and they carry them away captives unto a land far off or near; Yet if they bethink themselves in the land whither they are carried captive, and turn and pray unto thee in the land of their captivity, saying, We have sinned, we have done amiss, and have dealt wickedly;

If they return to thee with all their heart and with all their soul in the land of their captivity, whither they have carried them captives, and pray toward their land, which thou gavest unto their fathers, and toward the city which thou hast chosen, and toward the house which I have built for thy name:

Then hear thou from the heavens, even from thy dwelling place, their prayer and their supplications, and maintain their cause, and forgive thy people which have sinned against thee.

                Now, my God, let, I beseech thee, thine eyes be open, and let thine ears be attent unto the prayer that is made in this place. Now therefore arise, O Lord God, into thy resting place, thou, and the ark of thy strength: let thy priests, O Lord God, be clothed with salvation, and let thy saints rejoice in goodness. O Lord God, turn not away the face of thine anointed: remember the mercies of David thy servant.” (2 Chronicles 14-42)

We learn a lot from Solomon’s prayer. Mainly asking God to be patient and understand of the weakness of man. Solomon prays that God will forgive men of their weakness, if only they turn away from it and come back to the Lord.


2 Chronicles 3-4

2 Chronicles 3-4

Chapter 3: Solomon Builds a Temple

Solomon begins the construction of the temple on the threshingfloor or Ornan. He begin construction on the second day of the second month in the fourth year of his reign.

In this chapter we learn again about the dimensions of the temple which could be found in previous books and chapters of the Old Testament. It mentions that Solomon used many precious stones and gold of Parvaim. He made images of cherubims and overlaid them with gold. Solomon also made a veil for the temple made of purple and crimson and all manner of fine linen. In the inner sanctuary he made chains and put a hundred pomegranates on the chains. The pillars of the temple on the left he called Boaz and on the right hand he called Jachin.

Chapter 4: Solomon’s Temple

Solomon makes a molten altar of brass and a molten sea of brass (this is the baptismal font) which had oxen underneath it, 3 looking north, 3 looking west, 3 looking south and three looking east. The sea (baptismal font) rested upon their back and represents the twelve tribes of Israel.

He made 10 lavers (washing stations), 10 candlesticks of Gold and 10 tables and put 5 on the right and 5 on the left. The baptismal font was set on the right side of the east end against the south. Everything in the temple was of gold.

2 Chronicles 1-2

2 Chronicles 1-2

Chapter 1: Solomon Chooses Wisdom

Solomon was strengthened in his kingdom and the Lord magnified him exceedingly. Solomon gathers up all the captains, princes and governors of Israel to go with him to a place at Gibeon, which was a tabernacle of the congregation that Moses had built in the wilderness. The ark of God was brought up to Kirjath-jearim and the brazen altar was brought before the tabernacle, and there Solomon offered a thousand sand burn offerings upon it.

God comes to Solomon and asks him to ask Him for anything. Solomon asks God for wisdom and knowledge so he can better judge and lead the Lord’s people. God was very pleased with Solomon asking for knowledge and wisdom over riches and fame, and tells Solomon that his wish is granted and because he had asked for only knowledge and wisdom, he would also give him riches. So Solomon is given much wisdom, knowledge and riches!

Chapter 2: Solomon Builds a Temple

Solomon begins to organize his labor force to build the temple. He gets men to get stone in the mountain, and men to oversee their work. He also contacts Huram in Tyre to get cedars to build the temple. Huram also supplies him with men to work in gold, silver, brass and iron. In trade, Solomon agrees to provide Hurman with his servants, if he lends some of his servants back.

1 Chronicles 27-29

1 Chronicles 27-29

Chapter 27: Officers who served the King

David’s army was divided into units of twelve, with one group of the twelve on alert each month of the year. By doing this, they found an effective way of always keeping the troops ready and the inactive troops regularly trained.

Over the first first month was; Jashobeam the son of Zabdiel: and in his course were 24,000.The children of Perez was the chief of all the captains of the host for the first month.

Over the second month was; Dodai an Ahohite, and of his course was Mikloth also the ruler: in his course were 24,000.

Over the third month was; Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, a chief priest: and in his course was 24,000. Benaiah, who was mighty among the thirty, and above the thirty: and in his course was Ammizabad his son.

Over the fourth month was; Asahel the brother of Joab, and Zebadiah his son after him: and in his course was 24,000.

Over the fifth month was; Shamhuth the Izrahite: and in his course was 24,000.

Over the sixth month was; Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite: and in his course were twenty and four thousand.

Over the seventh month was; Helez the Pelonite, of the children of Ephraim: and in his course was 24,000.

Over the eighth month was; Sibbecai the Hushathite, of the Zarhites: and in his course were twenty and four thousand.

Over the ninth month was; Abiezer the Anetothite, of the Benjamites: and in his course was 24,000.

Over the tenth month was; Maharai the Netophathite, of the Zarhites: and in his course was 24,000.

Over the eleventh month was; Benaiah the Pirathonite, of the children of Ephraim: and in his course was 24,000.

Over the twelfth month was; Heldai the Netophathite, of Othniel: and in his course was 24,000.

Furthermore over the tribes of Israel: the ruler of the Reubenites was Eliezer the son of Zichri: of the Simeonites, Shephatiah the son of Maachah: Of the Levites, Hashabiah the son of Kemuel: of the Aaronites, Zadok: Of Judah, Elihu, one of the brethren of David: of Issachar, Omri the son of Michael: Of Zebulun, Ishmaiah the son of Obadiah: of Naphtali, Jerimoth the son of Azriel: Of the children of Ephraim, Hoshea the son of Azaziah: of the half tribe of Manasseh, Joel the son of Pedaiah: Of the half tribe of Manasseh in Gilead, Iddo the son of Zechariah: of Benjamin, Jaasiel the son of Abner: Of Dan, Azareel the son of Jeroham. These were the princes of the tribes of Israel.

And over the king’s treasures was Azmaveth the son of Adiel: and over the storehouses in the fields, in the cities, and in the villages, and in the castles, was Jehonathan the son of Uzziah: And over them that did the work of the field for tillage of the ground was Ezri the son of Chelub: And over the vineyards was Shimei the Ramathite: over the increase of the vineyards for the wine cellars was Zabdi the Shiphmite. And over the olive trees and the sycomore trees that were in the low plains was Baal-hanan the Gederite: and over the cellars of oil was Joash; And over the herds that fed in Sharon was Shitrai the Sharonite: and over the herds that were in the valleys wasShaphat the son of Adlai: Over the camels also was Obil the Ishmaelite: and over the asses was Jehdeiah the Meronothite: And over the flocks was Jaziz the Hagerite. All these were the rulers of the substance which was king David’s.

Chapter 28: Solomon to Build the Temple

David assembled all of the princes of Israel and the princes of the tribes and the captains of the companies that ministered to the king by their month.

David stands and says; “… Hear me, my brethren, and my people: As for me, I had in mine heart to build an house of rest for the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and for the footstool of our God, and  had made ready for the building: But God said unto me, Thou shalt not build an house for my name, because thou hast been a man of war and hast shed blood.” (1 Chronicles 28:2-3). But he continues on to say that he was chosen to be the father of the one chose to build that house. This is Solomon. Solomon will build the house of the Lord. David says to Solomon; “…Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy father, and serve him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind: for the Lord searcheth all hearts, and understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts: if thou seek him, he will be found of thee; but if thou forsake him, he will cast thee off forever.” (1 Chronicles 28:9)

David further counsels Solomon to take heed and build the sanctuary for the Lord. He says; “…be strong, and do it.” (1 Chronicles 28:10)

David continues to give Solomon the blue prints for the construction and gives him all the resources that he will need in preparing and going forth with the construction.

He continues to speak with Solomon; “…Be strong and of good courage, and do it: fear not, nor be dismayed: for the Lord God, even my God, will be with thee; he will not fail thee, nor forsake thee, until thou hast finished all the work for the service of the house of the Lord.” (1 Chronicles 28:20)

Chapter 29: Solomon Reigns as King

Everyone in Israel makes generous offerings of Gold, Silver, Iron, Time, etc. to the construction of the house of the Lord. David blesses and praises the Lord and instructs the people. David dies and Solomon reigns as the king. In verse 29 the chapter mentions the books of both “Samuel” and “Gad” which we no longer have today. This is another example of why the Bible is not complete.

1 Chronicles 21-22

1 Chronicles 21-22

Chapter 21: David Numbers Israel

David commands that a census be taken, to “number” Israel. This is prompted however by Satan who has his own reasoning for doing things. God allows this temptation to move David into numbering Israel because God wants to chastise David. So why was it so bad to “number” Israel? In these times a man would “number” only what belonged to him. David did not own Israel or its people, God does. If God were to command a “numbering” of his people, then the motive would be service to the Lord and doing as He had commanded. However in this instance David was only concerned with protecting and putting his trust in a “multitude” of hosts, or in other words putting his trust in numbers of a manmade army over the trust of God.

In our daily lives we can see this happen to us on a daily basis. How often do we put our trust in something manmade or putting our trust in another man (or woman) over God? I would say quite often. We must put our trust in God. That, however, does not mean that we are free to do as we please, or to simply sit back and say that we are putting our trust in God, without any actions! To trust, or have faith in God, we must ACT. We must do all that we can in following the commandments and working hard for what we feel is right, and then and only then will the hand of God be shown in our lives.

Joab objects to the numbering and asks David to reconsider his foolish ways. Joab knew that David’s reasoning was built up in pride, wanting to know how powerful he was, perhaps to conquer a neighboring nation. In Samuel 24:4 we read that it was not only Joab who objected to the numbering, but also the captains of the army, but David however prevails in his desire to number Israel, and he was immediately sorry for doing so.

Joab comes back to David with the census complete and finds that there are 1.3 million fighting men among the twelve tribes, which is a small portion of the 6 million people living in Israel. Although Joab did not count the tribes of Levi and Benjamin, for fear that God would strike them down and all that would remain would be those who were not numbered. God would have struck down all of Israel, but God had already done so with the deeply afflicted heart of David. David, wasn’t perfect, but when he knew that he had sinned his heart was very sensitive to sin and therefore was very remorseful of his ways. David admits that he has been foolish and asks God for, forgiveness.

God sends a messenger to David and gives him three options of Judgment to forgive his sin:

#1: 3 years of famine.

#2: 3 Months until you are defeated by your enemies.

#3: For 3 days a plague would engulf the land.


God gave David these three options to test David’s heart and wisdom:


#1: 3 years of famine would surely kill most of Israel, the wealthy and resourceful would survive by depending on neighboring nations for food.

#2: 3 Months until you are defeated by your enemies would surely mean the death of most of the soldiers, and would probably result in new enemies.

#3: For 3 days a plague would engulf the land, this would cause a great deal of death among all of Israel, no matter whom; rich, poor, military…etc.


David chooses to have 3 days of plagues. This is important, because had David chose war; his family and himself would have been protected. Had David chosen famine, his wealth would have sustained him. Therefore he humbled himself and accepted of God’s punishment by choosing something that could ultimately affect himself and his loved ones. By choosing 3 days of plague he was also in the hands of God, whom he knew would be more merciful than man.

The destroying angel comes and kills 70,000 men of Israel and as the destruction is happening, God steps back and relented of the disaster and commanded the angel to restrain from continuing. David seeing the destructions laments to God asking him why he had killed so many of his innocent sheep and had refrained from touching him. God then commands David to erect a altar to the Lord. So
David does as he is commanded.

David goes to Ornan and asks him to build an altar where his threshingfloor stands. David buys the land for 600 shekels of God, the full price of the property. David offers peace and burnt offerings there, as a tribute to his understanding of God and his ways in destroying 70,000 of his sheep.


David finally knows where the Lord wants his temple to be built, right there on the threshingfloor.


Chapter 22: Solomon Is to Build the Temple

David is commanded to gather men who were foreigners in the land of Israel, which were about 70,000 slaves to build the temple of Solomon. David gathered the finest materials, cedar trees from Lebanon. The house of God would have to be magnificently built unto the Lord, so David made preparations for his son Solomon to continue building the temple after his death. David charges (gives blessing) to Solomon to complete this great work of building the House of the Lord after his death, in a sense if Solomon failed in building the temple, David failed as well. David warns Solomon to stay faithful to God and his word, in accomplishing the construction of the temple. David counsels Solomon to;

“…be strong, and of good courage; dread not, nor be dismayed.” (1 Chronicles 22:13)

This is something that we can all appreciate and place in our hearts in our daily activities. Life, after all, is tough. Our challenges we face on a day to day level are not easy ones, but if we put our trust in God and don’t worry about the future or how something will come about, then we can have that courage and strength that we need to continue fighting towards our righteous individual dreams and desires.

David prepares the construction by leaving Solomon in charge of a great deal of money and resources to ensure that the temple does get built and with all its magnificence.

1 Kings 7-8

1 Kings 7-8

Chapter 7: Solomon Builds Himself a House

Solomon builds himself a house that takes him 13 years to complete! The construction of the palace or house of Solomon was very similar in design and elegance as the Temple of the Lord was. I won’t go into detail about all the sizes of the house or the way it was built… but imagine very nice… with gold and fine carved timber throughout.

King Solomon hired a man by the name of Huram who was very skilled with Bronze work. He came to work for the king and complete all the tasks assigned to him. Huram cast two bronze pillars with a network of interwoven chains on the tops, one was called Jakin in the south and the other was Boaz in the north. He also made a molten sea with (baptismal font) that had a radius of 7.5 feet, this “sea” is rested upon the backs of 12 oxen; 3 facing north, 3 facing east, 3 facing west, and 3 facing south. Huram also made 10 stands (carts) with wheels that had basins of water in them, and some pots, shovels and sprinkling bowls to do all of the ordinances.                King Solomon had everything made or overlaid with Gold and once the house portion of the Temple was completed he put the rest of the Gold, Silver and other treasures his father had dedicated into the treasuries of the Temple.

Chapter 8: The Ark of the Temple

The Ark and the two tablets of stone that are placed inside of the Ark are moved into the “holy of holies” inside the Temple. The glory of the Lord fills the Temple, like a cloud throughout the Temple, so much that the priests are unable to stand up.

Solomon offers a dedicatory prayer and asks for temporal and spiritual blessing upon all of Israel, especially those who are repentant and follow the commandments. The people of Israel sacrifice and worship for 14 days straight. One verse that really caught my eye was the following;

“But will God indeed dwell on the earth? Behold, the heaven and heaven of heavens cannot contain thee; how much less this house that I have builded?” (1 Kings 8:27) -There is more than just “one” heaven… something that latter-day revelation has revealed about where we go when we die. This is all part of the Plan of Salvation… and the 3 degrees of glory that exist in what most people commonly refer to as “heaven”.

1 Kings 5-6

1 Kings 5-6

Chapter 5: Stones and Timber for the Temple

King Hiriam of Tyre sends some of his servants to go in unto Solomon to help him. King Hiriam has always loved Solomon and therefore upon discovering that he had been anointed king sent aide to build the house of the Lord.

The first part of this chapter has two verses that really stuck out to me; “…David…could not build an house unto the name of the Lord his God for the wars which were about him on every side, until the Lord put them under the soles of his feet. But now the Lord my God hath given me rest on every side, so that there is neither adversary nor evil occurent” (1 Kings 5:3-4). This to me is very interesting, because like Temples of old and the modern day temples of the Restored Church of Jesus Christ (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints), evil is opposing the construction of temples since the beginning! Why? Because Satan knows that through the Temple and the ordinances performed there, it is possible for man to return to live with Heavenly Father. Thus completing the Plan of Salvation that God laid out before the foundation of the Earth and the same plan that the Devil has been trying to destroy since that time. There are currently 137 operating Temples throughout the entire world. Every single one of them has been a struggle and a sacrifice, but with so many sacrifices, come so many blessings!

Solomon commands that the Sidonians bring in cedar and fir trees from Lebanon to start work on the Temple. In trade for this work and the trees being provided Solomon gave Hiriam; 20,000 measures of wheat and 20,000 measures of pure oil every year. Because of this, Hiriam and Solomon became great friends and formed a league (my guess was to have a stronger influence in the area and also to achieve the great task of building this temple).

Solomon had 70,000 laborers, 80,000 stone cutters, and 9,300 overseers of the construction of the Temple. Thus the preparation of the construction began.

Chapter 6: Solomon Builds the Temple

The construction of the Temple began 480 years after the children of Israel left the land of Egypt. This was in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign as king and in the second month of the year.

The dimensions of the Temple;

  • 60 cubits long = 90 feet
  • 20 cubits wide= 30 feet
  • 30 cubits high= 45 feet
  • The portico at the front of the main hall extended the width of the temple (30 feet) and projected 15 feet.
  • Surrounding the temple are houses and a complete wall + compound.

While building the temple all work that required immense noise (like chiseling) was done off site and brought in quietly (in a reverent and respectful way). The portico at the front of the main hall of the temple extended an additional 30 feet and then projected about 10-15 feet from there. All of the windows in the temple were narrow and tall. Against the walls of the main hall, King Solomon had a structure built around the building that had side rooms. The lower floor was 7 feet 6 inches wide, middle flower was 9 feet and the third floor was 9 feet 6 inches wide. The entrance to the lower floor was on the south side of the temple; a stairway led up to the middle level and then onto the third floor.  The side rooms were about 8 feet tall and were attached to the temple by beams and cedar planks.

God was pleased with the work and promised Solomon that if him and his people would worship there and follow his commandments that they would be a greatly blessed people. Solomon finishes the temple with details like lining the interior walls with cedar boards, paneling from the floor to the ceiling. At the rear of the temple Solomon sectioned off an area of about 30 sq feet for the “Most Holy Place”. On the interior of the temple all was cedar so that no stone was to be seen.

In the inner sanctuary Solomon prepared it for the Ark of the Covenant, that room was 30x30x30 feet. On top of all the cedar the entire temple was overlaid with Gold. Also on the inner sanctuary Solomon had a pair of cherubims made out of Olive wood; 15 feet tall with wings about 9 feet long. Both cheribums were identical in every way, with one wing of each touching the walls and the other wings touching each other in the middle… and of course overlaid in Gold. The entrance to the inner sanctuary was sealed off by doors made from Olive wood, 1/4 the thickness of the exterior walls (heavy duty doors) and also doors made of juniper wood, each having leaves to open the door. Each door had carvings of open flowers, palm trees and of course overlaid in Gold.

The Temple was finally completed with all its details and specifications 7 years later.

Exodus 39-40

Exodus 39-40

Chapter 39: Holy Garments

Holy Garments are made for Aaron and his priests, under the instructions given to Moses by God. The Tabernacle is finished and Moses blesses the people.

Chapter 40: Temple Washing

After completing the temple, Aaron and his priests go into the temple and are washed and anointed and given an everlasting priesthood.

The children of Israel are guided by a cloud in the sky. When the cloud was taken up into the skies, the children of Israel knew to move forward on their journey. But when the cloud descended upon them they knew to stop and not journey until it was taken up again. (Exodus40:36-37)

The cloud in the sky was to light up the tabernacle by day and fire by night.

Exodus 37-38

Exodus 37-38

Chapter 37: Temple

Bezaleel continues his work on the temple, he makes: the ark, the mercy seat, and the cherubims that guard the ark. He places tables, vessels, candlesticks and bowls shaped like almonds in the temple.

The chapter gives us details, like size and design of each of these items placed in the temple. For further details on sizing and detailed design, please read Chapter 37 of Exodus.

Chapter 38: Temple

Bezaleel, Ithamar, and Aholiab with others work to complete the altar of burnt offerings and other items pertaining to the tabernacle and its construction. 603,550 men make their offerings.

Exodus 35-36

Exodus 35-36

Chapter 35: Offerings unto the church.

Moses gathers the children of Israel and tells them what the Lord has commanded of them. He reminds them of the importance of the Sabbath day, and to keep it holy. Moses tells the Israelites that they need offerings to the church, to build the Temple. Just like we had already read in Chapter 25 of Exodus, we can find a list of things that are to be donated to complete the temple. The call of the Artisans of the temple (originally mentioned in Chapter 25) is confirmed.

Chapter 36: The Work of the Temple

Bezaleel, who was commanded to be and Artisan on the temple gathers every wise hearted man who is willing to work on the temple. The offerings to build the temple come in every morning from the children of Israel.

Once they had sufficient offerings to build the temple, Moses commands the people to no longer donate to the temple, because they had sufficient and “too much” (Exodus 36:6-7).

The men continue to work on the temple, all men putting their talents to use. Verses 8-38 go into more detail about what each man made in the temple and the details of size and construction are listed.