Summary of the New Testament

Summary of the New Testament

The New Testament is a collection of twenty-seven books centered on the figure of Jesus of Nazareth. Each of these books has its own author, context, theme, and purpose.

The Gospels and Acts of the Apostles

The Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke are all the same story of Jesus Christ, however, told from different viewpoints and authors. This creates differences in some additions, special emphases on others, and particular omissions according to the interests of the author and the message the text are trying to convey. The Gospels tell the story of Jesus Christ, including His ministry, gathering of the disciples, trial, crucifixion, and, in the case of Matthew and Luke, his resurrection. John is also a Gospel, but is very different from the accounts of Matthew, Mark.

The Acts of the Apostles follows John, and picks up the story at the resurrection of Jesus Christ, when the early Apostles are commissioned to witness to the world. Acts is a chronological history of the first church of Christ.

The Epistles

The twenty-one books following Acts are epistles, or letters, written from church leaders to churches in various parts of the world. The first fourteen of these letters were written by Paul and are often referred to as the “Epistles of Paul”.

The seven letters following the Epistles of Paul were written by different church leaders and are addressed to the church as a whole rather than to particular churches. Following the seven letters with no clear authors are the First and Second Letters of Peter. These letters are followed by The First, Second, and Third Letters of John and then Jude attributes itself to Jude.

The Revelation to John

The last book in the New Testament is the Revelation of John, or The Book of Revelation. This book was written by John the Revelator, while imprisoned on the Island of Patmos. John received visions of the destruction of the earth, and the Second Coming of Jesus Christ and the Judgment of all mankind!

 

Summary of the Old Testament

Summary of the Old Testament

The Old Testament is a collection of religious writings by the ancient Israelites that from the first section of the Holy Bible used by Christians throughout the world. One of the most popular versions of the Bible and the Old Testament section of the Bible is the “King James Version” which includes 39 books. These books are organized into a few different parts.

  • The Law
  • The History
  • The Poetry
  • The Prophets

The start of the Old Testament deals with the creation of the world, the creation of mans parents Adam and Eve and the flooding of the earth to cleanse from the wicked. The story tells of Abraham and his prophetic covenant between God. From Abraham came Isaac, then Jacob (whose name was changed to Israel), who had twelve sons, giving rise to the twelve “tribes” of Israel. One of Jacob’s sons, Joseph, was sold into slavery in Egypt, leading to Jacob and his family coming to Egypt and later their descendents becoming slaves in Egypt. Moses (about 1250 B.C.) led the Exodus (freeing of Israelites from bondage) from Egypt and the Covenant of God with the Hebrew nation was made.
God gave the people the Ten Commandments for the people of Israel to obey, accepting Him as their God. We learn that there were constant problems with the Jewish people believing in idols and other “gods.” This of course can be contrasted to modern day problems of people turning away from God and worship idols, such as money.

Finally the people reached the Promised Land and settled there after Moses’ death. “Judges” led the people until about 1000 B.C. when Kings were installed, yet these were still thought of as people doing God’s will. King David and King Solomon led a united, strong country — which became divided after Solomon’s death: Later we learn about the Israelites from their conquest of Canaan to their defeat and exile in Babylon. Even further into the Old Testament we learn of great wisdom in the forms of poetry and prophetic words. We learn about the questions of good and evil and the consequences of turning away from God. The Last Days before the Second Coming of Jesus Christ is examined and warned about through the prophets.

Finally we learn that in the end, God will restore his church and name a prophet in the Latter-days and through that prophet we would have the keys of the priesthood restored to the earth in order to seal families together for eternity!

Here is a list of Old Testament Stories:

Creation of the Universe Genesis 1:1-25
Creation of mankind Genesis 1:26-31
Adam formed Genesis 2:7-8
Eve made Genesis 2:20-25
Garden of Eden Genesis 3
Cain and Abel Genesis 4
Noah’s flood Genesis 6 to 8
God’s blessings and covenant with Noah Genesis 9:1-17
Tower of Babel Genesis 11:1-9
Abraham’s call Genesis 12:1-3
God’s covenant with Abraham Genesis 15
Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah Genesis 18:16 to 19:29
Isaac’s birth Genesis 21:1-8
Sacrifice of Isaac (Abraham being tested) Genesis 22:1-19
Marriage of Isaac Genesis 24
Birth of Jacob and Esau Genesis 25:19-26
Esau sells his birthright to Jacob for food Genesis 25:27-34
Jacob and Rebekah’s deception of Isaac and Esau for Isaac’s blessing Genesis 27:1-40
Jacob’s ladder vision Genesis 28:10-22
Jacob’s wrestle with the angel and has his named changed to Israel Genesis 32:24-32
Israel’s (Jacob) trouble in the land Genesis 34, 35 and 37
Three burials: Deborah, Rachel and Isaac Genesis 35
Joseph’s coat, dreams and sold by his brothers for twenty pieces of silver Genesis 37
Israel (Jacob) blesses his twelve sons and then dies Genesis 49
Birth of Moses and found by Pharaoh’s daughter Exodus 2:1-10
Moses kills an Egyptian, goes to Midian and gets a wife Exodus 2:11-25
Burning bush – God speaks to Moses Exodus 3:1 to 4:17
Egypt’s nine plagues Exodus 7:14 to 10:29
Tenth plague against Egypt threatened Exodus 11
The Passover instituted Exodus 12:1-20
The Passover communicated Exodus 12:21-28
Tenth plague against Egypt inflicted Exodus 12:29-30
The Exodus – God’s deliverance of Israel Exodus 12:31-51
Crossing the Red sea Exodus 14
The Ten Commandments Exodus 20:1-17
Golden calf made by Aaron Exodus 32
Spies sent to Canaan Numbers 13:1 to 14:45
City of Jericho Joshua 6
Deborah and Barak Judges 4
Gideon Judges 6:1 to 8:35
Samson Judges 13:1 to 16:31
Samson and Delilah Judges 16:4-20
Ruth Ruth 1:1 to 4:22
Samuel’s birth I Samuel 1
Hannah’s (Samuel’s mom) prayer to the Lord I Samuel 2:1-10
David chosen by God I Samuel 16:1-13
David and Goliath I Samuel 17
David anointed king of Judah II Samuel 2:1-11
David anointed king of Israel II Samuel 5:1-12
David and Bathsheba II Samuel 11
God is displeased with David II Samuel 12:1-14
Solomon anointed king I Kings 1:28-40
God’s first appearance to Solomon I Kings 3:2-15
God’s second appearance to Solomon I Kings 9:1-9
Queen of Sheba I Kings 10:1-13
God is angry with Solomon I Kings 11
Elijah and the prophets of Baal I Kings 18:17-40
Elijah taken to heaven II Kings 2:1-11
Job afflicted by Satan Job 1:1 to 2:13
God speaks to Job Job 38:1 to 42:9
God blesses Job Job 42:10-13
Ezekiel’s vision of dry bones Ezekiel 37:1-14
Daniel and the kings food Daniel 1:1-16
Shadrach, Meshach and Abed-nego put in the fiery furnace Daniel 3
Daniel put in the lion’s den Daniel 6
Jonah in the belly of the fish Jonah 1:1 to 2:10

Hosea 3-4

Hosea 3-4

Scripture Thought (What I Learned):

The general theme of these two chapters seems to be; follow the Lord and be blessed OR Don’t follow the Lord and be cursed! “…I will punish them for their ways, and reward them for their doings.” (Hosea 4:9)

Essentially we need to understand that there is good and evil, right and wrong, righteous and un-righteous. We will NOT be saved by faith alone, but also by our good works! Jesus Christ died for our sins, this is a fact. But it doesn’t mean that we get a free pass back to our Heavenly Father. Jesus Christ simply opened the door to salvation for us, through the shedding of His blood. He atoned for our sins, because we were incapable of paying the price of Salvation alone! The door is open, and that is FREE. We have to choose for ourselves whether or not we want make the appropriate decisions to make it to that doorway and then finally pass through. This part of the journey through life is OUR doing, we have power and control over our own lives to make it to and pass through that doorway. This is where our good works help us to make it there and then through Jesus Christ he grants us the ability to be saved.

Chapter 3: Israel shall seek God

The Lord commands Hosea to go back and love Gomer. Hosea buys Gomer with fifteen pieces of silver, and one and a half a homer of barley. The children of Israel will be deprived of their sacrifices and without their king, but then return to seek the Lord. Essentially the message here is that we can be deprived of the Lord in our own lives, but we need to return to Him. If we do return to the Lord we will be blessed in the Last Days.

Chapter 4: Israel loves all truth

Israel loses all truth, mercy and the knowledge of God. “…because there is no truth, nor mercy, nor knowledge of God in the Land.” (Hosea 4:1) The people of Israel have rejected knowledge and have forgotten the law of God; “…because thou hast rejected knowledge… seeing thou hast forgotten the law of thy God, I will also forget thy children.” (Hosea 4:6. People of ancient Israel and the people of the last days and through all generations have forgotten the Lord and have gone away from His word. Why? Because they pass through periods known as Apostasy. Apostasy occurs when people forget, pervert or change the ways of God, His commandments and teachings!

In the last days the Lord has revealed new WORD, known simply as the Book of Mormon: Another Testament of Jesus Christ! When presented the New Testament, the Old Testament does not lose favor or position in our eyes, both Old and New Testaments compliment each other, so does the Book of Mormon compliment the Bible.  Because of the evil in Israel… the land will mourn, and all who dwell there shall waste away. The priests are corrupt and ineffective. The Lord condemns idolatry and harlotry.  Israel is compared to a stubborn calf, which will be left to forage in open country. So will we be left in the last days if we do not accept his teachings and follow his commandments.

Isaiah 23-24

Isaiah 23-24

Chapter 23: Tyre shall be overthrown

The burden against Tyre. The sailors will agonize when they hear about the destruction of their home port. The pride of Tyre will be dishonored. Tyre will be forgotten for seventy years. God will allow Tyre, symbolized by a prostitute, to continue her gross materialism with all the kingdoms of the world, but her gain and her pay will be set apart for the Lord.

Chapter 24: Men Shall Change the Scriptures

The land will be emptied and laid waste. The earth will mourn and fade away, because people “…have transgressed the laws, changed the ordinance, broken the everlasting covenant” (Isaiah 23:5). The simple doctrines and ordinances taught by the Savior were debated and changed to conform to worldly ideas. This would lead to the need for a Restoration of the Gospel.

The Book of Mormon expands on what happened:

“And after they go forth by the hand of the twelve apostles of the Lamb, from the Jews unto the Gentiles, thou seest the formation of that great and abominable church, which is most abominable above all other churches; for behold, they have taken away from the gospel of the Lamb many parts which are plain and most precious; and also many covenants of the Lord have they taken away…this have they done that they might pervert the right ways of the Lord, that they might blind the eyes and harden the hearts of the children of men… after the book hath gone forth through the hands of the great and abominable church, that there are many plain and precious things taken away from the book… And after these plain and precious things were taken away it goeth forth unto all the nations of the Gentiles… Neither will the Lord God suffer that the Gentiles shall forever remain in that awful state of blindness, which thou beholdest they are in, because of the plain and most precious parts of the gospel of the Lamb which have been kept back by that abominable church, whose formation thou hast seen….

 behold, saith the Lamb: I will manifest myself unto thy seed, that they shall write many things which I shall minister unto them, which shall be plain and precious; and after thy seed shall be destroyed, and dwindle in unbelief, and also the seed of thy brethren, behold, these things shall be hid up, to come forth unto the Gentiles, by the gift and power of the Lamb…. And after it had come forth unto them I beheld other books, which came forth by the power of the Lamb, from the Gentiles unto them, unto the convincing of the Gentiles and the remnant of the seed of my brethren, and also the Jews who were scattered upon all the face of the earth, that the records of the prophets and of the twelve apostles of the Lamb are true…. These last records, which thou hast seen among the Gentiles, shall establish the truth of the first, which are of the twelve apostles of the Lamb, and shall make known the plain and precious things which have been taken away from them; and shall make known to all kindreds, tongues, and people, that the Lamb of God is the Son of the Eternal Father, and the Savior of the world; and that all men must come unto him, or they cannot be saved.(1 Nephi 13:26-40)

                In the last days the Book of Mormon will come forth as Another Testament (or evidence) of Jesus Christ.