Summary of Zechariah
Chapter by Chapter:
Zechariah 1-2: Zechariah calls Repentance/The Last Days…
Zechariah 3-4: Jesus shall come “The Branch”/Zerubbabel shall finish the Temple
Zechariah 5-6: An angel reveals truths/Christ will sit on His Throne
Zechariah 7-8: Hypocrisy in Fasts/The Restoration
Zechariah 9-10: The Messiah shall come/Judah and Joseph
Zechariah 11-12: Messiah will be Betrayed/The Jews will know Christ
Zechariah 13-14: The Jews will be forgiven/The Lord will fight for Israel
Summary of Zechariah:
Zechariah’s ministry took place during the reign of Darius the Great. Some modern scholars believe that the Book of Zechariah was written by at least two different people. I personally believe that it was only written by Zechariah… but I digress.
Zechariah calls the people of Jerusalem to Repentance, he speaks of the “BRANCH” who is otherwise known as Jesus Christ. He speaks of the Second Coming of Jesus Christs, the Restoration of His Gospel and Church, The Last Days, The wars and the plagues that will befall all the earth if they do not believe in the Lord. Finally at the end of the book we learn that righteousness prevails and the Lord rules over all the earth as King.
Chapter 13: The Jews will be forgiven
The Jews shall gain forgiveness at the Second Coming of Jesus Christ. A fountain shall emerge and cleanse the souls of the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
One of the Jews will come to Jesus Christ and shall say unto Him “…What are these wounds in thine hands? The he [Jesus Christ] shall answer, those with which I was wounded in the house of my friends [His people, the Jews].” (Zechariah 13:6)
Jesus explains that if you “…smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered: and I will turn mine hand upon the little ones.” (Zechariah 13:7) Jesus was smitten and because of his Crucifixion, His sheep were scattered.
Jesus continues to address the Jews and tells them and all of His people that they will be tried and tested. Those who endure will be His people.
Chapter 14: The Lord will fight for Israel
At the Second Coming of Jesus Christ, the Lord will fight for Jerusalem. Half of the city of Jerusalem will be taken off in captivity, but the remnant shall not be cut off. The Lord will fight against the nations that attack. Because of the Lord’s anger, The Mount of Olives will be split in two, and those who fought against Jerusalem shall scatter. Living waters shall flow from Jerusalem, which is described as being safely inhabited. The enemies of Jerusalem and their livestock will be stricken with a plague. This plague is described as a flesh eating virus; “…Their flesh shall consume away while they stand upon their feet, and their eyes shall consume away in their holes, and their tongue shall consume away in their mouth. (Zechariah 14:12) Could this be Zombies? Interesting!
All nations shall come to Jerusalem for the Feast of Tabernacles. Jesus Christ shall reign over all the Earth as King! All of the wicked shall eventually be destroyed.
Chapter 11: Messiah will be betrayed
Zechariah is told to feed a flock of sheep for slaughter, as the Lord would do with his own people. Zechariah’s two staffs are called Beauty and Bonds. Zechariah dismisses three shepherds and breaks the staff called Beauty. We don’t know who these three shepherds are, but my guess is that they are leading astray the Lord’s people.
Zechariah foretells the Atonement of Jesus Christ and his betrayal for only thirty pieces of silver; “…If ye think good, give me my price; and if not, forbear. So they weighed for my price thirty pieces of silver.” (Zechariah 11:12)
“The Judas, which had betrayed him… repented himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders, Saying I have sinned in that I have betrayed the innocent blood… …And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him that was valued, whom they of the children of Israel did value; And gave them for the potter’s field…” (Matthew 27:3-4; 9-10)
The Lord was betrayed for thirty pieces of silver, both Jeremiah and Zechariah foretold of this.
Chapter 12: The Jews will know Christ
In the final Great War before the Second Coming of Jesus Christ, all nations shall be engaged in war at Jerusalem. Zechariah tells us that the Lord will protect Jerusalem; “…in that day will I make Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all people: all that burden themselves with it shall be cut in pieces, though all the people of the earth be gathered together against it.” (Zechariah 12:3) The feeble shall become be like David, and the house of David shall be like God. The spirit of grace and supplication will be poured on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
The Jews will then see Jesus Christ “…and they shall look upon me [Jesus] whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn. In that day there shall be a great mourning in Jerusalem.” (Zechariah 12:10-11)
Chapter 9: The Messiah shall come
Zechariah speaks Messianically and tells us that a lowly King [Jesus Chrisr] riding on a donkey shall come into Jerusalem. Jesus shall speak peace unto the nations. His dominion shall be from sea to sea. “…the blood of thy covenant [The Atonement] I have sent forth thy prisoners out of the pit wherein is no water.” (Zechariah 9:11).
Here we learn a little about the Spirit Prison, which is a place after death and before judgment where those who have not had the proper light of Christ will be given the opportunity to accept His gospel before the judgment day.
Judah and Ephraim are the bow and arrow to be drawn against Greece. They will be used as instruments of the Lord.
Chapter 10: Judah and Joseph
Judah and Joseph shall be sown among the people in far countries. The Lord will grant showers of rain to help with the crops. The people of God will conquer, while idolaters will be led astray like sheep. The houses of both Judah and Jerusalem will be restored along with the Gospel of Jesus Christ.
Chapter 7: Hypocrisy in Fasts
In the fourth year of Darius, the people ask if they should weep and fast in the fifth month to commemorate the destruction of the first temple. The Lord criticizes those who fast without a purpose, asking; “…did ye at all fast unto me, even to me?” (Zechariah 7:5). He goes on to explain that all things done in hypocrisy are not of the Lord. Compassion and mercy unto your fellow man is more important than hypocrisy in fasting. It is very important to note that fasting is not hypocrisy if done with true intent for the Lord!
Chapter 8: The Restoration
The word of the Lord again comes to Zechariah and told him “…I was jealous for Zion with great jealousy…” (Zechariah 8:2). The Lord tells Zechariah that He will return to Zion, and dwell in the midst of Jerusalem. Jerusalem will be a safe place with children playing in the streets. It will be secure and safe. More people will return from the east and the west. The Lord also encourages the people to finish the temple. Judah is described as being a curse, but a curse that shall become a blessing.
The Lord explains that He is as determined to bless the people now as He was to punish them in the past. The Lord tells Zechariah what the people must and must not do to keep the Lord from becoming angry; “…Speak ye every man the truth to his neighbor; execute the judgment of truth and peace in your gates: And let none of you imagine evil in your hearts against his neighbour; and love no false oath: for all these are things that I hate, saith the Lord.” (Zechariah 8:16-17)
Chapter 5: An angel reveals truths
Zechariah has a vision of a “…flying roll [scroll].” (Zechariah 5:2) twenty cubits by ten. On it are written curses against thieves and people who swear falsely [Perjurer’s]. Wickedness is described as a woman sitting in an ephah (which is most likely a basket seeing as it was an ancient form of measurement approximately 33 liters). An angel thrusts down the woman, and places a lead covering over the top of the “basket”. Two winged women take the basket to Babylon.
Chapter 6: Christ will sit on His Throne
Zechariah has a vision of four chariots coming between two mountains of bronze.
- Chariot #1: “…red horses…” (Zechariah 6:2)
- Chariot #2: “…black horses;” (Zechariah 6:2)
- Chariot #3: “…white horses;” (Zechariah 6:3)
- Chariot #4: “…grisled [grey or partly grey hair] and bay [reddish brown body color with a black mane, tail, ear edges, and lower legs] horses.” (Zechariah 6:3)
The chariots go before the Lord. Those who go toward the North Country have been or will be given rest. Joshua receives a crown of gold and silver. The BRANCH shall build the temple of the Lord.
Chapter 1: Zechariah calls Repentance
The word of the Lord came unto Zechariah in the second year of Darius. The Lord commands Zechariah to speak to his people and tell them to “…Turn ye unto me [God]… and I will turn unto you…” (Zechariah 1:3)
Zechariah has a vision of a man on a red horse among myrtle trees in a low valley. Behind him were red, speckled and white horses. Zechariah asks the angel in his vision what they were and a man riding the horse explains that they are a patrol, which has found that the earth is at peace. However at peace, God is angry with the nations because they assisted in Judah’s and Jerusalem’s suffering/destruction. The Lord’s house will be built in Jerusalem, and comfort Zion. Zechariah then has another vision of four horns, symbolizing the four nations that scattered God’s people. Craftsmen are coming to terrify them, and cast them out.
Chapter 2: The Last Days…
Zechariah has a vision of a man with a measuring line, who is going to measure out Jerusalem (length and width). We learn that the Lord will provide a wall of fire around Jerusalem. He who touches God’s people touches the apple of his eye. The people are commanded to Sing and rejoice! When the Lord dwells in the midst of Jerusalem, many nations shall be drawn unto Him.